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600BCE

<< 601 BCE | 609-600 BCE | >>

§World Weather

While the precipitation was slightly below normal, the World's temperature was moderately below normal.

§Africa

§Algeria

Jews arrived in Algeria in several waves beginning about this time.

§Celene (Modern Libya)

Greek colonists found Celene in North Africa. Soon after, they discover a great treasure: Silphion, reputedly the first oral contraceptive. Silphion was an herb -- thought to be a kind of giant fennel -- that grew only in the area now known as Libya. Despite heroic efforts, it could not be cultivated. Worth its weight in silver, silphion was harvested to extinction by 100 A.D.

§Tunisia

A Carthaginian expedition led by Hanno the Navigator explored and colonized the Atlantic coast of Africa as far as the Gulf of Guinea; and according to Herodotus, a Phoenician expedition sent down the Red Sea by pharaoh Necho II of Egypt (c. 600 BC) even circumnavigated Africa and returned through the Pillars of Hercules in three years.

§Asia

ca -600: Lifetime of Lao-tzu, founder of Taoism in China, author of Tao-te Ching. Its esoteric teachings of simplicity and selflessness shape Chinese life for 2,000 years and permeate the religions of Vietnam, Japan and Korea.

§Europe

§France

The first permanent Greek settlement was Massalia, established at modern-day Marseille in about 600 B.C. by colonists coming from Phocaea, under the name Μασσαλία (now Foça, in modern Turkey (as mentioned by Thucydides Bk1,13)) on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor. They were winners in a naval clash on Carthaginians; It was the beginning of Greek-punic Wars.

At the same time, some Celtic tribes penetrated the eastern parts (Germania superior) of the current territory of France, but this occupation spread in the rest of France only between the 5th and 3rd century BCE.

§Ireland

The Iron Age in Ireland began about 600 BC.

Radiocarbon dating for first circular inhabitation enclosure at Emain Macha. Emain Macha is an ancient monument in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.

§Greece

  • Athens was suffering severe economic problems.

Debt bondage was common in ancient Mediterranean societies, including Greek city-states. Economic crises in Athens around 600 BC had resulted in so many Athenians sold into slavery that Solon enacted the seisachtheia which banned the practice of debt bondage and returned Athenians to their land as free men, at least according to Solon's own claims.

  • Doric order and Ionic order are well developed.
  • Orientalizing period of vases ends in Ancient Greece.
  • Archaic period of sculpture starts in Ancient Greece.
  • The Messenian War ended.

Alcestos of Euripides

A less usual crucified God was Alcestos, who was female, the only example of a feminine God atoning for the sins of the world upon the cross. The doctrine of the trinity and atoning offering for sin was inculcated as a part of her religion.

§Lesbos

Sappho of Lesbos writes her famous love poems to young women, providing the eventual inspiration for the word lesbian

§Rome

The Etruscans capture the settlement of Rome, making it into a prosperous trading centre.

Pompeii is founded.

§Anatolia (Modern Turkey)

Lydian conquest of the city of Izmer around 600 BCE brought its golden age to an end.

§India

Approximately this time, the life of Sushruta, of Varanasi, the father of surgery. His ayurvedic treatises cover pulse diagnosis, hernia, cataract, cosmetic surgery, medical ethics, 121 surgical implements, antiseptics, use of drugs to control bleeding, toxicology, psychiatry, classification of burns, midwifery, surgical anesthesia and therapeutics of garlic.

About this time, the Ajivika sect, an ascetic, atheistic group of naked sadhus reputated for fierce curses, is at its height, continuing in Mysore until the 14th century. Adversaries of both Buddha and Mahavira, their philosophy is deterministic, holding that everything is inevitable.

§Middle East

§Babylon

Nebuchadnezzar is the king of Babylon.

§Persia

Zarathustra's religion becomes popular in Persia. . Zoroastrianism was the official religion of Persia and its distant subdivisions from this time to 650 CE.

Cambyses I future king was born about this time.

Mithras of Persia This Persian God was slain upon the cross to make atonement for mankind, and to take away the sins of the world. He was born on the twenty-fifth day of December, and crucified on a tree. Christian writers both speak of his being slain, and yet both omit to speak of the manner in which he was put to death. And the same policy has been pursued with respect to other crucified gods of the pagans.

§North America

§Chiapas region of Modern Mexico

The important early sites of Izapa, Takalik Abaj and Chocolá at around 600 BC were the main producers of Cacao.

Writing developed in North America about this time. Several Mesoamerican scripts are known, the oldest being from the Olmec or Zapotec of Mexico.

§Religion

According to the Book of Mormon the Hebrews, the Nephites and the Lamanites, traveled to the New World from Palestine around 600 B.C.

§General

  • Radiocarbon dating for first circular inhabitation enclosure at Emain Macha.
  • Creation of Armenia.
  • Foundation of Capua.
  • Foundation of Milan by Celts (approximate date).
  • Smyrna sacked and destroyed.
  • Nebuchadnezzar builds the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
  • Pitcher (container) (olpe), from Corinth, is made. It is now at The British Museum, London.
  • Kouros is made. It is now at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • 600 BC–580 BC — Temple of Artemis, Korkyra (Corfu) is built.
  • Beginning of the construction of the largest Mound at Cahokia, near East St. Louis, Illinois. Construction continues until AD 200.

§Sources

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