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<< | 559-550 BCE | 558 BCE >>

World Weather

Both the World temperatures and precipitation were way below normal.

Eastern Europe

Lydia (Modern Turkey)

Croesus is the king. He is about 36 years old at this time.



Phalaris, a tyrant, ruled in Acragas, Sicily.

Middle East

Pārsa (Iran)

King Cambyses I of Anshan died and was succeeded by his son Cyrus II the Great. This marked the beginning of the Achaemenid dynasty which was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of Greater Iran. It also eventually incorporated the following territories: in the east modern Afghanistan and portions of Pakistan; in the north and west all of Turkey (Anatolia), the upper Balkans peninsula (Thrace), and most of the Black Sea coastal regions; in the west and southwest the territories of modern Iraq, northern Saudi-Arabia, Palestine (Jordan, Israel, Lebanon), all significant population centers of ancient Egypt, and as far west as portions of Libya. Encompassing approximately 7.5 million square kilometers, the Achaemenid Empire was territorially the largest empire of classical antiquity, and second only to the Roman Empire in population.

Cyrus was not yet an independent ruler. Like his predecessors, Cyrus had to recognize Mede overlordship. He conquered the Median Empire in 550 BCE and established the Persian Empire.


<< | 559-550 BCE | 558 BCE >>

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Page last modified on July 22, 2017, at 02:46 PM