Recent Changes - Search:


<< 5600 BCE | 10000-5000 BCE | 5400 BCE >>

§Of World Interest

The Chronicon Paschale, a valuable Byzantine universal chronicle of the world, composed about the year 630 AD by some representative of the Antiochian scholarly tradition dates the creation of Adam to 21 March 5507 BCE. Another computation was derived from the Septuagint version of the Bible, and placed the date of Creation at 5509 years before the Incarnation. Its year one, the supposed date of creation, was 1 September 5509 to 31 August 5508 BC.

Copper first used by humans about this time.


§Modern Niger

Tenerians colonized the region between 7000 BCE and 4500 BCE



Beginning of the Xinle culture in China.


Equine (horse) domestication began on the windswept steppes of Eurasia about this time. New genes arose from domestication. Modern horses have genes ancient horses do not after comparison to horses buried in Siberian permafrost.

Once merchants, soldiers and explorers could gallop rather than just walk, it revolutionized trade, warfare, the movement of people and the transmission of ideas. It also enabled the development of continent-sized empires such as the Scythians 2,500 years ago in what is now Iran.

It was all made possible by 125 genes, concluded the study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Heavy axes of natural bronze produced in bulk starting around this time.


People sweeping out from Turkey colonized Europe, likely as a part of the agricultural revolution, reaching Germany about 7,500 years ago in 2013.

The researchers found that the earliest farmers in Germany were closely related to Near Eastern and Anatolian people, suggesting that the agricultural revolution did indeed bring migrations of people into Europe who replaced early hunter-gatherers.

But that initial influx isn't a major part of Europe's genetic heritage today.

§Modern Serbia

A copper axe was found at Prokuplje, which indicates that humans were using metals in Europe by this time. Knowledge of the use of copper was far wider spread than the metal itself. The European Battle Axe culture used stone axes modeled on copper axes, even with imitation "mold marks" carved in the stone.


Mehrgarh villagers are making baked pottery and thousands of small, clay of female figurines (interpreted to be earliest signs of Shakti worship), and are involved in long-distance trade in precious stones and sea shells.

This is the earliest evidence of religious practices in the Indus Valley.

§Middle East


There were stone-roofed subterranean chambers and other subterranean complexes in the Nabta Playa containing buried sacrificed cattle -- preludes Hathor belief in Ancient Egypt.

Agriculture started in Ancient Egypt.


A Sumerian civilization existed on the alluvial plane in the southern part of Mesopotamia. While the Ubaid civilization existed prior to this date, historians mark the beginning of the Early Ubaid period in 5300 BCE.

§Near East


The Indus Valley Tradition: Early food producing era and transition to the Mehrgarh II-VI (ceramic Neolithic), Regionalization era.

Mehrgarh Period II and Period III

Mehrgarh Period II 5500 BCE–4800 BCE and Merhgarh Period III 4800 BCE–3500 BCE were ceramic Neolithic (i.e., pottery was now in use) and later chalcolithic. Period II is at site MR4 and period III is at MR2. Much evidence of manufacturing activity has been found and more advanced techniques were used. Glazed faience beads were produced and terracotta figurines became more detailed. Figurines of females were decorated with paint and had diverse hairstyles and ornaments. Two flexed burials were found in period II with a covering of red ochre on the body. The amount of burial goods decreased over time, becoming limited to ornaments and with more goods left with burials of females. The first button seals were produced from terracotta and bone and had geometric designs. Technologies included stone and copper drills, updraft kilns, large pit kilns and copper melting crucibles. There is further evidence of long-distance trade in period II: important as an indication of this is the discovery of several beads of lapis lazuli—originally from Badakshan. Mehrgarh Periods II and III are also contemporaneous with an expansion of the settled populations of the borderlands at the western edge of South Asia, including the establishment of settlements like Rana Ghundai, Sheri Khan Tarakai, Sarai Kala, Jalilpur, and Ghaligai.

§North America

§Oregon Region

Crater Lake was formed about this time when a 12,000 foot volcano known as Mt. Mazama erupted, completely destroying the volcano and creating the deepest lake in America. It is believed that it ejected 50 times more airborne ash and dust then the 1980 Mt. St. Helens eruption.


Oshara (Northern) Tradition (c.5500 BC to c. AD 600) was a Southwestern Archaic Tradition centered in north-central New Mexico, the San Juan Basin, the Rio Grande Valley, southern Colorado, and southeastern Utah. The Oshara may have ancestral roots in earlier Paleo-Indian traditions, but these postulated roots are much disputed and the debate is currently unresolved.

Cynthia Irwin-Williams dates the beginnings of Oshara to about 5500 BC and has developed a sequence of Archaic culture for Oshara in the Arroyo Cuervo area of north central New Mexico. This sequence defines no fewer than six phases of occupation, each identified by projectile-point forms and other less well defined artifacts. Jay, Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, En Medio, and Trujillo- the successive phases, chronicle local Archaic culture from its earliest manifestations right up until 600 CE, by which time Ancestral Pueblo culture is flourishing in the area.


<< 5600 BCE | 10000-5000 BCE | 5400 BCE >>

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on June 09, 2017, at 11:15 PM