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c. 5400 BC: Beginning of the Zhaobaogou culture in China. The culture was found primarily in the Luan River valley in Inner Mongolia and northern Hebei. The culture produced sand-tempered, incised pottery vessels with geometric and zoomorphic designs. The culture also produced stone and clay human figurines.

The earliest undisputed domestic chicken remains are bones associated with a date of approximately 5400 BCE from the Chishan site, in the Hebei province of China. Other undocumented claims are that it was domesticated in India in 6000 BCE.

§Middle East


c. 5400 BCE: Eridu was founded in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, in Iraq. Eridu was the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, founded c. 5400 BCE. Located 12 km southwest of Ur, Eridu was the southernmost of a conglomeration of Sumerian cities that grew about temples, almost in sight of one another. In Sumerian mythology, Eridu was founded by the Sumerian deity Enki, later known by the Akkadians as Ea.

c. 5400 BCE: Irrigation and the beginning of the Sumerian civilization in Southern Iraq.



c. 5450 BC: Volcano Hekla eruption.


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