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<< 535 CE | 531-540 CE | 537 CE >>

§World Weather

Despite the 535 CE volcanic eruption in Indonesia, this year world precipitation and temperatures were higher than normal but began dropping rapidly in 540 CE.

The extreme weather events of 535–536 were the most severe and protracted short-term episodes of cooling in the Northern Hemisphere in the last 2,000 years. The event is thought to have been caused by an extensive atmospheric dust veil, possibly resulting from a large volcanic eruption in the tropics, or debris from space impacting the earth. Its effects were widespread, causing unseasonal weather, crop failures and famines worldwide.

And it came about during this year that a most dread portent took place. For the sun gave forth its light without brightness, like the moon, during this whole year, and it seemed exceedingly like the sun in eclipse, for the beams it shed were not clear nor such as it is accustomed to shed. And from the time when this thing happened men were free neither from war nor pestilence nor any other thing leading to death. -- Procopios


Belisarius captured Rome in 536.

§Byzantine Empire

April — Belisarius, a general in the service of Justinian I, lands in Italy

Belisarius takes Naples.

9 December — Belisarius enters Rome.

The St. Sophia Basilica in Constantinople (begun in 532 CE) is completed.


The Ostrogoths cede Provence and upper Allemania to the Franks for gaining their support in the war against the Byzantines.

Witiges succeeds Theodahad as ruler of the Ostrogoths.


Theudebert I was the Merovingian king of Austrasia from 533 to his death in 548.


The 536 weather/volcanic event and ensuing famine have been suggested as an explanation for the deposition of hoards of gold by Scandinavian elites at the end of the Migration Period. The gold may have been deposited as a sacrifice to appease the gods and get the sunlight back


  • June 1 or June 8 — Pope Silverius succeeds Pope Agapetus I.
  • Synod of Constantinople: Bishops acknowledge the supremacy of the emperor in church matters.
  • Anthimus is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople in favour of Mennas.


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