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Beginning of the Beixin culture in China. It was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China. It was the successor of the Houli culture (6500–5500 BC) and precursor of the Dawenkou culture (4100–2600 BC).

§East Asia


The domestication of chickens – The domestic chicken is believed to be in the main part a manipulation of the Red Junglefowl at the very least around 5000 years ago. The modern domestication is believed to also incorporate genetic traces of the Grey Junglefowl, suggesting hybridisation of the two species.

With many domestication stories, the real facts will remain purely speculated at by scientists as different theories are thrown into the mix. One suggests that there is definite evidence of domesticated chickens in Taiwan as far back as 5300BCE. It is not known how much these Taiwanese junglefowl contributed to the modern domestic chicken which suggests independent domestications. Some sources even cite the Green Junglefowl as a contributory species to the process.

Domestication and domesticated varieties appeared to spread west across Asia and into Europe and Africa over the next two to three thousand years. In the modern world, hundreds of breeds exist.

§Middle East

§Mesopotamia (Iraq)

This is the year that historians mark as the beginning of the "Early Ubaid" - sometimes called Eridu, which lasted until about 4700 BCE. (alternatively the Early Ubaid began around 5000 BCE) It's a phase limited to the extreme south of Iraq, on what was then the shores of the Persian Gulf. This phase, showed clear connection to the Samarra culture to the north, saw the establishment of the first permanent settlement south of the 5 inch rainfall isohyet. These people pioneered the growing of grains in the extreme conditions of aridity, thanks to the high water tables of Southern Iraq.

Eridu is an ancient Sumerian city in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq. Eridu was long considered the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world.

Located 12 km southwest of Ur, Eridu was the southernmost of a conglomeration of Sumerian cities that grew about temples, almost in sight of one another. In Sumerian mythology, Eridu was originally the home of Enki, later known by the Akkadians as Ea, who was considered to have founded the city. His temple was called E-Abzu, as Enki was believed to live in Abzu, an aquifer from which all life was believed to stem.

§Near East

The Indus Valley Tradition: Mehrgarh II-VI (ceramic Neolithic), Regionalization era.


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Page last modified on June 09, 2017, at 11:18 PM