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October-December — the Han Dynasty Chinese army under General Chen Tang and General Gan Yanshou defeat the Xiongnu leader Zhizhi Chanyu in the Battle of Zhizhi. This led to half a century of peace between the Han Dynasty and the Xiongnu until Wang Mang enraged them in the year 10, resuming hostilities between both sides.


Mark Antony and Cleopatra had another child, Ptolemy Philadelphus.

§Middle East

§Judea (Modern Israel)

Herod makes his 17-year-old brother-in-law, Aristobulus III of Judea, high priest, fearing that the Jews would appoint Aristobulus III of Judea "king of the Jews" in his place.

Herod had the last Maccabean High Priest, Mariamme's younger brother, Jonathon, put to death when he reached the age of majority. Joesphus tells us how when the 13 year old put on the High Priestly vestments the crowd wept when he appeared in the temple seeing this as a continuation of the Maccabean priesthood.

Herod had the boy taken to his Winter palace in Jericho and drowned in the pool there. He was the last Maccabean High Priest.

§Roman Empire

3 September — Battle of Naulochus: Octavian's fleet, under the command of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa defeats the forces of the rebel Sextus Pompeius, Lepidus, who faint heartedly came to support Octavian, lost his army to Octavian when his men mutinied, and was then kept in luxurious captivity in Rome until his death.

Antony launches major offensive against the Parthians, but this bogs down when he fails to take Phraaspa, and he loses many men to disease and starvation in the subsequent retreat to Egypt, marries Cleopatra and is still married to Octavia.


  • Ptolemy Philadelphus, son of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony (d. 29 BC)
  • Vipsania Agrippina, daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Pomponia Caecilia Attica (d. AD 20)


  • Zhizhi Chanyu


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Page last modified on January 06, 2011, at 10:27 PM