<< | Neogene | Year Index | 10000-5000 BCE | >>

  • 2 Ma Homo naledi
  • 1900 Kyr Australopithecus sediba: possibly the earliest toolmaker
  • 1800 Kyr Homo Habilis - Beginning of the Quarternary Period
  • 1500 Kyr Homo Erectus
  • 1400 Kyr Early Man in Southeastern Europe
  • 1300 Kyr Stone tools of Xiaochanglian
  • 1 Ma Jaramillo reversal
  • 900 Kyr
  • 800 Kyr
  • 700 Kyr
  • 600 Kyr Denisovans branch from Neanderthals
  • 500 Kyr Human ancestors began hunting with hafted spears
  • 450 Kyr Anunnaki arrive according to Zecharia Sitchin
  • 400 Kyr Earliest spears found
  • 300 Kyr Stone hearth used for cooking meats in Israel
  • 200 Kyr Homo Sapiens begin their existence.
  • 160 Kyr Modern human fossils from Ethiopia
  • 150 Kyr Humans likely infected with HERV-K106 virus
  • 100 Kyr Early human skeleton at Skhul and Qafzeh
  • 90 Kyr Giant marsupials, kangaroos and wombats, roamed the outback of Australia
  • 80 Kyr Neanderthals may have interbred with humans
  • 70 Kyr Near extinction of man
  • 60 Kyr Earliest writing
  • 50 Kyr Mankind living in the area now known as Afghanistan
  • 40 Kyr Cro-Magnons enter the region that is now France.
  • 30 Kyr Last Neanderthals
  • 25 Kyr Early Evidence of Religion; Last Glacial Maximum
  • 20 Kyr Last Glacial Maximum
  • 18 Kyr Last Glacial Maximum
  • 17 Kyr Earliest detection of tuberculosis in Bison
  • 16 Kyr Kabri, Israel first settled; Last Glacial Maximum
  • 15 Kyr Evidence of North American Habitation
  • 14 Kyr New humanoid species lives in China
  • 13 Kyr Natufian Settlements in the Levant
  • 12 Kyr Last Homo floresiensis; End of the ice age
  • 11 Kyr Oldest cancer line
  • 10 Kyr Sea levels rose

Early Religion

A number of artifacts from the Upper Paleolithic (50,000-13,000) are generally interpreted by scientists as representing religious ideas. Examples of Upper Paleolithic remains associated with religious beliefs include the lion man, the Venus figurines, cave paintings from Chauvet Cave and the elaborate ritual burial from Sungir.

Late Pleistocene era (127,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE)

The late Pleistocene era was marked by an evolutionary advance in hominids known as known as the Neanderthal. Many consider the Neanderthal to be a side species, rather than early descendents of modern Homo sapiens. The evolution of these two subspecies was believed to be concurrent for about 10,000 years, with Neanderthals dying out around 30,000 BCE.

The late Pleistocene was a time of severe ice ages and Neanderthals were strong Ice Age hunters and were well suited to the cold climate.