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<< 2691 BCE | 2699-2690 BCE | >>


There has been significant controversy about dating the reigns of the Old Kingdom, but radiocarbon dates now indicate that Djoser's reign began sometime between 2691 to 2625 BCE.

Hesy-Ra, alt. Hesire, was an official, physician (possibly the first known in history) and scribe who lived during the Third dynasty of Egypt, served under the pharaoh Djoser, and who was buried in an elaborate tomb at Saqqara. He bore titles such as "Chief of Dentists and Physicians" and "Chief of the King's Scribes."

Hesy-ra appears to have been renowned for his skill as a dentist and is thought by some to have recognized diabetes and polyuria

The Egyptian languages oldest example of hieroglyphs dates to this time in the tomb of Seth-Peribsen.


<< 2691 BCE | 2699-2690 BCE | >>

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