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<< 30 Kyr | 2 Ma-10000 BCE | 20 Kyr >>

26,000 and 19,000 years ago when the ice sheets of Earth's last ice age reached their greatest extent and severely disrupted the living patterns of humans and animals alive during that time.

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Karas, Namibia. Contains some of the oldest cave art in Africa, created 25,500 - 23,500 BC.



Excavations of a site on the outskirts of the city of Krakow show that there was a presence of mammoths in this area of ice age Europe. Whether these mammoths died naturally or through human causes is yet to be established, but the bones have certainly been indentified. The bones have been dated to around 24,000 to 20,000 years old.


Rock engravings dated to Upper paleolithic and Mesolithic phases, or to 20,000-30,000 BCE were found near the modern State of Goa.


Individual skulls and/or long bones begin appearing heavily stained with red ochre and are separately buried. This practice may be the origins of sacred relics.

The oldest discovered "Venus figurines" appear in graves. Some are deliberately broken or repeatedly stabbed. Possibly representing murders of the men they are buried with or some other unknown social dynamic.


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Page last modified on January 04, 2016, at 11:20 PM