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§Of World Interest

January 11 - 25 - Strange sounds were heard around the world.

June 6 - World IPv6 Launch Day. Number of Internet IP addresses increased from just over 4 billion to 340,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000.


§Democratic Republic of Congo

September - Twenty-two elephants were found slaughtered in the Garamba National Park for their ivory (approximately $1 million in 2012 value). Evidence points to the military helicopter involvement in the death of the elephants. Africa is in the midst of an epic elephant slaughter. Conservation groups say poachers are wiping out tens of thousands of elephants a year, more than at any time in the previous two decades, with the underground ivory trade becoming increasingly militarized.

November 27 - Congo rebels appeared to be looting the central bank in Goma after refusing to withdraw from the city they captured the previous week. M23 fighters surrounded the bank early in the afternoon and were seen loading white bags into cars.


March 21 - The President of Mali was ousted by a coup only one month before the end of his terms by renegade soldiers.

April - Islamists seized control of Timbuktu in April after a coup left Mali's army in disarray.

December - According to BBC News, "Islamists in Mali have begun destroying remaining mausoleums in the historic city of Timbuktu, an Islamist leader and a tourism official said." These mausoleums are World Heritage Sites with centuries-old shrines to Islamic saints that are revered by Sufi Muslims.

"Not a single mausoleum will remain in Timbuktu," Abou Dardar, a leader of the Islamist group Ansar Dine, told AFP news agency.

Islamists in control of northern Mali began earlier this year to pull down shrines that they consider idolatrous. "Allah doesn't like it," said Abou Dardar. "We are in the process of smashing all the hidden mausoleums in the area."

The news that further monuments were being destroyed came one day after Islamists were reported to have cut the hands off two people. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa, another Islamist group operating in the area, warned that there would be further amputations, AFP reported.


January - Students in Marrakech protest for more rights delaying the beginning of studies. They want to dismantle the 2 year degree program and want government financial assistance.


November 2 - Nigerian troops shot dead at least 30 people during raids in the northeast city of Maiduguri, bastion of the radical Islamist sect Boko Haram

§South Africa

August 17 - 34 miners, striking for higher wages, were killed by police. Miners claim their current wages are insufficient to send their children to school. Government officials claimed miners attacked the police forces.

November 1 - South African miners all over the country have been striking for a minimum wage of $1800 a month. Police have responded with rubber bullets and tear gas.



July 22 - Heaviest rains in 60 years kill 37 in Beijing

August 10 - Gu Kailai, the wife of ousted Chinese Communist Party official Bo Xilai, confessed to murdering a British businessman because she felt that he threatened her son after the two men got into a dispute over a property deal.

October 6 - As many as 3,000-4,000 workers are on strike at Foxconn's Zhengzhou factory, makers of the iPhone 5, upset at stricter quality control.

November 7 - China begins to hold its 18th Party Congress, the once a decade change of power.

November 9 - Tibetan protests erupt in China's western Qinghai Province. Thousands of Tibetans marched on government offices.

November 15 - Vice President Xi Jinping announced as the new General Secretary of the Communist Party of China replacing Hu Jintao who led the party for the last decade.

December 14 - In the province of Henan a man attacked a school with a knife, injuring twenty-two children. Police said that the suspect had been inspired by “doomsday beliefs” peddled by a local woman who predicted, as the state press put it, that “the end of the world is coming and the earth will explode.”


February 29 - Tokyo Sky Tree television transmitter and observation tower, the world's second tallest structure, is completed. At 2,080 feet (634 m) the tower stands nearly twice as Japan's previous tallest frame, the 1,091-ft (333-m) Tokyo Tower transmitter.

March 4 - An earthquake struck Japan.

December 16 - Japan's voters handed a landslide victory to the Liberal Democratic Party in parliamentary elections.

§North Korea

February 29 - North Korea agrees to a food for nukes deal.

March 1 - In another sign of warming relations between two wartime foes, a senior North Korean nuclear negotiator will attend a security conference in the United States.

§South Korea

December 19 - Park Geun-hye from the ruling New Frontier Party is the first woman to be elected president of the country.



October 24 - Hurricane Sandy destroyed 70 percent of the crops in southern Haiti and caused widespread deaths of livestock. The eye of Hurricane Sandy passed west of Haiti the night of Oct. 24. But its rain-heavy outer bands dumped more than 20 inches of rain in 24 hours on the southern coastal town of Les Cayes and the surrounding countryside, causing rivers to overflow. Haiti has reported 52 deaths.


Hurricane Sandy came ashore as a category 1 hurricane and left at least $16.5 million worth of damage in its wake. One death was reported.

§Central America


November 7 - A 7.4 earthquake off the coast of Guatemala near Retalhuleu, struck San Marcos and killed at least 48 people, trapping others under rubble, crushing homes and cars, destroying roads and forcing evacuations as far away as Mexico City.



January 13 - Standard & Poor's Corp. downgraded France's credit rating to AA+. It was not expected to have much effect on the country's economy. Instead, it sent a signal that Europe’s sovereign debt woes were far from over and would pose fresh political challenges for politicians, including President Nicolas Sarkozy.

March 22 - Mohammed Merah, the man suspected of murdering seven people in France, including three children and a teacher at a Jewish school, has died during a police raid after he was holed up in his Toulouse apartment, on March 22, 2012.

He was found dead on the ground after being shot by a French police sniper and falling out of his first-floor apartment window in the midst of a gunfight with police. The exchange of fire began after police failed to get Merah, a 23-year-old Frenchman of Algerian descent, to give himself up.

April 22 - Hollande beat Sarkozy by about 500,000 votes in the first round of voting in the French presidential election.

May 6 - France voted in a presidential run-off election between Francois Hollande and incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy. François Hollande swept to victory, becoming the first Socialist to become president of France since François Mitterrand left office in 1995 CE.

May 29 - France ordered Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.


February 17 - German President, Christian Wulff, resigned because of a scandal over political favors

May 29 - Germany ordered Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.

August 31 - After a half century of stubborn silence, the German manufacturer of thalidomide, the drug that caused deformities in thousands of babies around the world, has apologized.

“We ask for forgiveness that for nearly 50 years we didn’t find a way of reaching out to you from human being to human being,” said Harald Stock, the chief executive of Gruenenthal Group. “We ask that you regard our long silence as a sign of the shock that your fate caused in us.”

§Great Britain

July 25 - Olympic games get underway prior to the opening ceremony. The North Korean women's soccer team walked off the pitch when the South Korean flag was mistakenly displayed before their game. They came back an hour later and won their match 2-0.

August 15 - Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange, is given political asylum in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. It is unclear how Ecuador plans to get Assange to Ecuador, and some are waiting until a presidential election in Ecuador, February 2013 for any action to take place. The action by Ecuador has angered Great Britain, which has threatened to remove Ecuador's embassy status. Julian Assange, who’s wanted in Sweden to answer charges of sexual assault, has been holed up in the Ecuadorian embassy in London to avoid extradition – not just to Sweden but possibly also to the U.S., where he could face trial for espionage.

October 15 - David Cameron, Britain's prime minister, signed a referendum dealon Monday that will give Scots a vote on independence that could lead to the break-up of the United Kingdom, more than 300 years after Scotland was first united with England.


January 13 - Talks over a deal to write down Greek government bonds have been put on "pause," according to the industry group representing private sector investors and banks in Greece.

The Institute of International Finance said Friday's negotiations in Athens have "not produced a constructive consolidated response by all parties," and discussions were being put on hold to consider "the benefits of a voluntary approach."

February 9 - Greek political leaders reached a deal to support a package of harsh austerity measures demanded by Greece’s financial backers in return for a 130 billion euro bailout. The deal is expected to unlock the bailout funding and prevent Greece from default.

February 12 - The Greek parliament passed a new $4.4 billion austerity package

October 18 - Anti-austerity protests turned violent in Athens on Thursday, with hundreds of youths hurling gasoline bombs and rocks at riot police.

Tens of thousands of Greek workers struck and marched to protest demands by the country's international lenders that Athens impose more austerity measures before they will agree to hand Greece another segment of a bailout to keep the government afloat.

Most of the protest was peaceful, but police fired tear gas and stun grenades at the youths after their assault. One man in his mid-60s died of a heart attack during the demonstration.

§British Religion

November 9 - Justin Welby, A former oil executive, was named leader of the world's 80 million Anglicans replacing Rowan Williams as archbishop of Canterbury in December. Welby is against gay marriage but favors the ordination of women as bishops.


January 13 - The Italian cruise ship,Costa Concordia, struck a rock in the Tyrrhenian Sea just off the shore of Isola del Giglio, near the western coast of Italy. This tore a 160 ft long gash in her hull; with water flooding in and listing, she sailed to shallow water nearby where she grounded and capsized. All but 32 of the 3,229 passengers and 1,023 crew were saved.

January 26 - The Costa Concordia was lying on her side on an underwater ledge with most of her structure above water, and in danger of shifting and sinking. Industry experts believe that the ship may be a constructive total loss.

May 29 - Fifteen people die after a 5.8 magnitude earthquake hits Northern Italy.

May 29 - Italy ordered Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.

October 27 - November 1 - Much of Italy has been hit by heavy rain and strong winds. The median level of the Adriatic Sea swelled to about 1.4 meters (1.5 yards) above normal - the highest in nearly two years, flooding the city of Venice.

December 22 - Italy's parliament is dissolved by the president following the resignation of the prime minister.


April 23 - Queen Beatrix accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Mark Rutte and his Cabinet after Rutte informed her talks on a new austerity package collapsed.


June 9 - Responding to increasingly urgent calls from across Europe and the United States, Spain agreed to accept a bailout for its cash-starved banks as European finance ministers offered an aid package of up to $125 billion.

November 2 - Spain’s ruling People’s Party is seeking to change foreclosure rules as the number of Spaniards losing their homes surges along with unemployment and the government faces mounting protest against austerity measures and using taxpayer money to bail out banks.

December 9 - Health workers march in Madrid to protest against budget cuts and plans from the Spanish capital's regional government to privatize the management of public hospitals and medical centers.


July 4 - Physicists from the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that they had at last confirmed the existence of the elusive Higgs boson, the particle that gives the universe mass. This discovery was called into question in 2014 when studies say that while they discovered a unique particle there was no true evidence that it was indeed the Higgs Boson.

§United Kingdom

May 29 - Britain ordered three Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.


January - Indian doctors have reported the country's first cases of "totally drug-resistant tuberculosis".

July 22 - Pranab Kumar Mukherjee, 76, was elected the 13th President.

November 17 - Mumbai and Maharashtra entered a state of mourning soon after Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray's death.


October 6 - A Vatican court sentenced the pope's former butler, Paolo Gabriele, to 18 months in prison for leaking confidential documents to a journalist in one of the most serious breaches of vaunted Vatican secrecy in modern history.

§Middle East


May 2 - Taliban bombers attacked a heavily fortified guesthouse used by Westerners in Kabul, in defiance of calls from visiting US President Barack Obama that the war was ending.


February 1 - 74 dead, 1000 injured, 47 arrested in Egyptian football riot after a game between Cairo club Al-Ahly and local club Al-Masry, government officials said.

The violence flared after Al-Ahly, one of Egypt's most successful teams, was beaten 3-1. Television footage showed players running from the pitch chased by fans. A small group of riot police tried to protect the players, but appeared to be overwhelmed and unable to stop fans attacking players. Fans of both teams clashed and stormed the pitch and dressing rooms. One Al-Ahly fan, Khaled Gad, told the Guardian: "What's upsetting is the huge lapse in security, which I feel is purposeful on the part of the interior ministry and the military." Chants of "down with military rule" were sung by the supporters.

Soon after the violence, a match in the Cairo stadium between Al-Ismailiya and Zamalek was called off in mourning for the dead. State TV showed video of this stadium on fire. The announcer said angry fans of Zamalek had protested at the cancellation, and set light to parts of the stadium.

February 3 - Protesters have laid siege to the Egyptian interior ministry in the capital, Cairo, angered by the deaths of 74 people in the country's worst football violence.

February 4 - Ten protesters and one security officer killed in Cairo and Suez in aftermath of deadly football violence.

May 23-24 - A presidential election was held. Mohamed Morsi, chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party, and Ahmed Shafik, a former Prime Minister of Egypt, received the most votes and will contest a runoff election on 16 and 17 June

May 28 - SPEC reaffirmed that Morsi had come in first place in recent presidential elections with 24.78 percent of the vote and Shafiq in second place with 23.66 percent. Following behind were Hamdeen Sabahi, moderate Islamist Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh, and former Arab League head Amr Moussa.

June 24 -Islamist, Morsi, wins the Egyptian presidential elections.

August - The Egyptian government has begun a crackdown in the Sinai. Egypt arrested 9 militants associated with the killing of border guards.

August 10 - Israel has been sending soldiers into Egypt's Sinai desert to stop African migrants before they reach the border, handing them over to Egyptian forces, human rights groups charged in a report.

November 4 - Bishop Tawadros has become Pope Tawadros II of the Egyptian Coptic Church.

November 18 - Bishop Tawadros is ordained Pope.

November 27 - Egyptian security forces arrest a protester during clashes near Tahrir Square, where an opposition rally has been called to voice rejection of President Mohammed Morsi's seizure of near absolute powers.

November 30 - Egyptians protested in Cairo's Tahrir Square for an eighth straight day of demonstrations against President Mohamed Morsi, as an Islamist-dominated panel approved Egypt's new draft constitution that must now be voted on in a nationwide vote.

December 2 - Egypt's high court indefinitely suspended all its sessions, after supporters of President Mohamed Morsi surrounded the building and blocked judges from entering.

December 16 - Egyptians voted in favor of a constitution shaped by Islamists but opposed by other groups who fear it will divide the Arab world's biggest nation after the first round of a two-stage referendum.


January 11 - Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, a nuclear expert, was assassinated by a magnetic car bomb. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say on all state matters, called Roshan's killing a "cowardly assassination" and accused the U.S. and Israel of being behind the attack. He vowed Thursday that the perpetrators and those who ordered the attack would be punished.

February 3 - Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that Iran would retaliate over Western-backed oil sanctions and any threat of attack

August 11 - Twin earthquakes in Iran killed 250 people and injured at least 2000.


January 16 - A hacker brought down the websites of Israel's national carrier El Al and the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange (TASE)

March 9 - Violence erupted on the Gaza border when Israel assassinated Zuhair al-Qaissi, the leader of a militant Palestinian group called the Popular Resistance Committees. The Israeli army says he was planning an imminent cross-border attack from Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula. Missiles fired into Israel were intercepted by the "Iron Dome" an Israeli created and US backed missile defense system, saving countless lives. The rocket fire paralyzed southern Israel, where schools and many businesses were closed. Egypt was trying to broker a cease-fire, while both sides have vowed to keep on fighting.

November 11 - More than 60 rockets hit southern Israel on second day of cross-border violence. More than 80 missiles strike southern Israel since Saturday; IDF responds to rocket barrage with nine separate air strikes on Gaza, five Palestinians killed in the strikes

November 14 - An Israeli rocket shot into Gaza killed Hamas' top military commander, Ahmed Jabari, the chief of staff of the military wing of Hamas, the Ezzedeen al-Qassam Brigades in retaliation for 800 rockets fired into Israel from Gaza this year. Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other militant groups have retaliated with almost 200 rockets fired into southern Israel. Israel already has started moving its troops toward Gaza and has called up reservists in anticipation of a ground operation.

November 15 - Israel's Air Force has hit more than 150 targets across Gaza since the operation, dubbed "Pillar of Defense," began the previous evening.

November 16 - Hostilities escalate as 250 Israeli airstrikes bombard Gaza and missiles from Gaza nearly hit Jerusalem for the first time since Sadam Hussein, many years ago.

November 21 - A negotiated cease fire is put into place between Israel and Hamas.

November 22 - The cease fire continues to hold into the next day but air raid sirens continue to blare throughout the south.


October 19 - A large bomb exploded in the heart of Beirut's Christian section, killing a top Lebanese security official and at least seven others, wounding dozens and spreading panic.


January 14 - Arfa Karim Randhawa, the computer programming prodigy who became the world’s youngest Microsoft Certified Professional at 9 years old, has passed away at the age of 16 Her philosophy at age 10:

"If you want to do something big in your life, you must remember that shyness is only the mind," she said. "If you think shy, you act shy. If you think confident you act confident. Therefore never let shyness conquer your mind."


January 12 - Twelve people were killed in Syria where a peace plan monitored by Arab observers has failed to end a 10-month-old struggle between President Bashar al-Assad and his foes.

February 6 - The United States and Great Britain closed their embassies in Syria

March 1 - Syrian tanks moved into the besieged Homs neighborhood of Baba Amr on Thursday, a stronghold of the tenacious anti-government resistance. It is estimated that as many as 7500 Syrians have died at this point in the ongoing effort to unseat President Bashar.

March 22 - Violence continues in Syria despite calls for cease fires from all sides. Humanitarian aid is now allowed inside areas occupied by rebels. The city of Homs is almost completely destroyed with most of its citizens now gone.

July 18 - Three top military and security leaders in the Syrian regime including President Bashar al-Assad's brother-in-law and the defense minister were killed in a bombing in Damascus. The UN Security Council delayed a vote on a new Syria resolution in the wake of the bombing.

July 21 - More than 500 killed in 48 hours as Assad’s forces allegedly used ‘toxic gas’ against civilians.

July 22 - Syrian forces bombarded parts of Damascus with helicopter gun ships and retook control of border crossings with Iraq.

October 5 - Violence continues as rebels downed Syrian warplane.

October 27 - 175 killed during "cease fire."

October 30 - Syrian warplanes bombed rebel targets with renewed intensity after the end of a widely-ignored four-day truce between President Bashar al-Assad's forces and insurgents.

November 2 - The Syrian army abandoned its last base near the northern town of Saraqeb after a fierce assault by rebels, further isolating the strategically important second city Aleppo from the capital.

November 4 - Syrian rebels capture oilfield, as opposition convenes in Qatar for unity talks. Rebels overran the Al-Ward oilfield in the province of Deir al-Zour near the border with Iraq.

November 11 - Syrian activists say anti-government groups have reached a preliminary deal to form a new opposition leadership under pressure from the international community.

December 23 - Scores of people standing in line for bread were killed when Syrian warplanes bombed a bakery in the western village of Halfaya.


October 3 - Turkey was fired upon by cross-border missiles from Syria. Turkey retaliated by firing back.

October 6 - Turkey returned fire after Syrian mortar bombs landed in a field in southern Turkey today, the day after prime minister Tayyip Erdogan warned Damascus that Turkey would not shy away from war if provoked. It was the fourth day of Turkish retaliation for firing by Syrian forces that killed five Turkish civilians on Wednesday.

October 8 - The Turkish military retaliated with artillery fire for a sixth straight day Monday after a Syrian shell hit its territory, and Turkey's president warned that "the worst-case scenario we have all been dreading" is unfolding in Syria.

§North America


January 15 - Strange and unexplained sounds were heard in Manitoba.


March 20 - An earthquake measuring 7.6 rocked Mexico City with the epicenter 120 miles East of Acapulco.

August 31 - Enrique Peña Nieto was declared the legitimate winner of the July 1 presidential election.

December 1 - Enrique Peña Nieto is sworn in as the President of Mexico.

§United States

March 2 - 95 tornadoes swept across the Mid-West in a single day devastating cities such as Henryville, Indiana. 29 dead, 10 States hit.

March 19 - Mystery booms heard in Clintonville, Wisconsin for three nights in a row. A 13 block area felt a rumbling in the ground that sounded like someone was dropping bombs. There were no reported earthquakes.

March 22 - US Researchers discover that male pattern baldness is due, at least in part, on an over abundance of a protein called Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) - nearly three times the amount present in the scalp areas with hair. Work is now focused on the GPR44 receptor. They believe the end of male pattern baldness is around the corner.

May - Operation AURORAGOLD: The NSA has collected technical information on about 70 percent of cellphone networks worldwide—701 of an estimated 985—and was maintaining a list of 1,201 email "selectors" used to intercept internal company details from employees. (“Selector” is an agency term for a unique identifier like an email address or phone number.) From November 2011 CE to April 2012, between 363 and 1,354 selectors were "tasked" by the NSA for surveillance each month as part of AURORAGOLD, according to the documents. The secret operation appears to have been active since at least 2010 CE.

May 1 - Black-clad protesters using sticks and bats smashed stores and automobile windows during May Day demonstrations that turned violent in Seattle

May 29 - The United States ordered Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.

July 20 - A gunman in Aurora Colorado killed twelve people during a midnight showing of "The Dark Knight Rises," and 58 were injured. James Holmes surrendered to police and warned them about bombs in his apartment. Bomb squads dismantled boobie traps in his apartment.

August 10 - The government slashed its expectations for US corn and soybean production for the second consecutive month Friday, predicting what could be the lowest average corn yield in more than 15 years as the worst drought in decades continued.

October 14 - Austrian sky adventurer Felix Baumgartner made history when he successfully leaped from a helium balloon 24 miles in the sky setting a new world records for altitude in a balloon and altitude of freefall, hitting 729 miles an hour in descent. Baumgartner accomplished the feat 65 years to the day -- Oct. 14, 1947 -- after pilot Chuck Yaeger broke the sound barrier in an aircraft.

October 16 - Cylindrical UFO Videotaped By Kentucky Amateur Astronomer Allen Epling.

October 18 - A federal appeals court in Manhattan has become the second in the nation to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act as unconstitutional.

The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issued its ruling which upholds a lower court judge who ruled that the 1996 law that defines marriage as involving a man and a woman was unconstitutional. A federal appeals court in Boston earlier this year also found it unconstitutional.

October 23 - t John A. Paulson, the hedge fund billionaire, along with the Paulson Family Foundation donated $100 million to the Central Park Conservancy in hopes that is would "break the cycle of restoration and decline that has marked the park throughout its 153-year history".

October 29 - Hurricane Sandy is pounding the East Coast with high winds and heavy rains. US Stock Markets are closed and residents in low lying areas are evacuated and this is before making landfall. The HMS Bounty, a replica of the famous tall ship, sank in the storm killing one, with the Captain of the ship also missing. 14 of the crew were saved.

October 30 - 44 people dead and 8.2 million people across the East without power as the storm continues for a second day. Urban search and rescue begins. The superstorm, as it is being called, downgraded from a category 1 hurricane, came ashore in New Jersey, damaging the New Jersey coast and causing record storm surges in places like New York's Battery Park, where the tidal surge exceeded 14 feet.

November 2 - The death toll in North America for Hurricane Sandy was raised to 82.

November 8 - The Northeast coastal region of the United States had more than 200,000 new power outages and record early snow from a nor'easter storm on the already embattled region trying to recover from Hurricane Sandy

December 9 - Hundreds of couples exchanged vows on the day same-sex marriage became legal in Washington State.

December 14 - Sandy Hook Elementary Massacre: Adam Lanza, with no apparent motive, armed with semiautomatic pistols and a semiautomatic rifle, fatally shot 26 people inside a Newtown, Connecticut elementary school before taking his own life. 20 of those fatally shot at the Sandy Hook Elementary school were between the ages of 5 and 10 years old. Teacher Victoria Soto died after she used her body to shield her students.

§Interesting statistics

More than fifty per cent of U.S. residents are single, nearly a third of all households have just one resident, and five million adults younger than thirty-five live alone and over half of all marriages end in divorce.

54 percent of Latino Catholics surveyed by the Pew Research Center found that they were now in favor of same-sex marriage.

§U.S. Business

March 14 - After 244 years, the Encyclopaedia Britannica is going out of print. The last print version is the 32-volume 2010 edition, which weighs 129 pounds, priced at $1,395. It is survived by a $70/year online edition

April 9 - Facebook buys the photo app company, Instagram, for $1 billion.

October 24 - Rajat Gupta, Ex-Goldman Director, Gets 2 Years in Insider Trading Case as part of a government crack down on insider trading.

November 16 - Hostess Brands closed its doors after a bankruptcy last year, laying off 18,000 workers. It remains to be seen if its product, Twinkies, will truly outlast the business. Some people have said Twinkies would last forever. The business that made Ding Dongs and Wonder Bread opened 82 years ago.

§U.S. Economy

February 3 - The US jobless rate fell to 8.3%

February 13 - Gov. Chris Gregoire signed into law a measure that makes Washington state the seventh to legalize same-sex marriage, but opponents almost immediately filed a referendum to challenge the new law.

March 15 - The number of Americans claiming new unemployment benefits dropped to a four-year low

April 4 - Yahoo began laying off more than 2,000 employees — roughly 14 percent of the company's total workforce.

October 1 - The US economy is showing signs of sluggish but continued recovery.

October 7 - Gas prices in California reached an all-time high.

December 5 - Citigroup announced that it would cut 11000 jobs and take a $1 billion charge.

§U.S. Technology

October - Cray XK7 system (Titan) goes online at the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Titan has 18,688 nodes, capable of 20 petaflops or 20,000 trillion calculations per second. Titan is already working on projects, such as those from the Department of Energy's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment program, better known as INCITE.

§U.S. Politics

This is an election year in the United States with the Republican Party holding primaries to ascertain who the Republican candidate will be in November. Rick Santorum and Newt Gingrich have dropped out of the race, while Ron Paul, not seen as a contender continued. Early in the race it appeared that Mitt Romney would be the presumptive candidate.

Mitt Romney wins the Republican nomination and selects Paul Ryan as his running mate.

President Obama's approval ratings have fluctuated due primarily to a slower than expected economic recovery. His part in winding up the war in Iraq, and the reduction of troops in Afghanistan have given him high marks in foreign affairs, while his handling of domestic issues remains lower in polls.

October 1 - Obama has shown a slight edge over Romney, some believe due to a poorly run campaign by Romney where he has disenfranchised the middle class.

October 3 - Mitt Romney and Barak Obama met in the first presidential debate of the 2012 election. Pundits say that Romney took the night being more aggressive than Obama. Little is expected to change based on the debate. Big Bird, the Public Broadcasting children's character was the joke of the evening as Romney vowed to cut PBS funding if elected.

October 30 - Political campaigning has been set aside while President Obama focuses on managing the disaster relief from superstorm Sandy. Contender, Mitt Romney has set aside campaigning in respect. The election is still neck and neck, down to swing States such as Ohio, where at this point Obama holds a small lead. It's expected from polls that Romney will win the popular vote and Obama might win the electoral college. The economy has shown signs of improvement in recent weeks, but a critical jobs report due out on November 2 will likely be postponed as government offices were closed due to the storm.

November 6 - Incumbent President Obama won a second term as President of the United States carrying battleground States such as Ohio and Florida.


February 4 - Tens of thousands of people rallied against Vladimir Putin’s regime, defying expectations that the protest movement was losing steam or would be kept indoors by temperatures of minus 20 Centigrade. Organizers said more than 160,000 attended the rally, on Bolotnaya square, though the consensus was 60,000 – 100,000.

March 4 - Vladimir Putin reclaims the Russian presidency.

March 5 - Russia detains protesters calling for Putin to go.

August 17 - The punk band, Pussy Riot, was sentenced to two years in prison for hooliganism. Pussy Riot, have already been jailed for more than five months after having entered a Russian Orthodox cathedral in February dressed in festive outfits and hoods to perform what they termed a "punk prayer" asking that the Virgin Mary "drive Putin away."

November 4 - Thousands of nationalists marched through Moscow to protest President Vladimir Putin's government, which they accuse of lavishing privileges on migrants and minorities while ignoring ethnic Russians.

December 15 - Thousands of demonstrators have gathered in central Moscow to protest Russian President Vladimir Putin. At least 30 people, including prominent opposition leaders, have been arrested.


October 28 - Presidential election in Ukraine: Results point to a win for President Viktor Yanukovych's Party of Regions.



July - Nearly all of Greenland's massive ice sheet suddenly started melting a bit this month, a freak event that surprised scientists. Even Greenland's coldest and highest place, Summit station, showed melting. Ice core records show that last happened in 1889 CE and occurs about once every 150 years.

July 17 - An ice island twice the size of Manhattan broke free from Greenland's Petermann Glacier in the second major calving at the site in two years.

August 8 - the Greenland ice sheet shattered a seasonal record, with more cumulative melting since record-keeping began more than three decades ago. It was determined by scientists that the ice sheet is melting five times faster than it was in the 1990s.

Virtually the entire length and width of the surface of the Greenland ice sheet melted for the first time in 2012. This year was also the longest melt season ever witnessed. Plus Greenland's ice lost some of its glitter as exposed soot, dust, and other particles blew onto the snow, darkening it and making it even more susceptible to melt. The ice sheet as a whole lost 562 gigatons, or billion tons, of freshwater mass to the ocean, enough to raise sea levels the world over by more than a millimeter in this year alone.

§South America


September 18 - Large crowds in the capital against the government.

November 8 - Thousands gather in the capital to protest against the government. In particular people are worried that the President will extend her term indefinitely, against rising crime and a faltering economy.

December 22 - Thousands of people in several Argentine cities ransacked supermarkets for a second day in the latest challenge to President Chistina Kirchner, who is struggling to revive a weak economy...In the central city Rosario, two people were killed during the incidents and 137 people arrested.


March 7 - Hundreds of dolphins beached themselves.


December 20 - Pedro Delgado, Ecuador's Central Bank president resigned after acknowledging that he claimed a fake academic degree 22 years ago.


877 dolphins have washed up in a 220-kilometer (137-mile) area from Punta Aguja to Lambayeque, in the north of the country. The dolphins may have died from an outbreak of Morbillivirus or Brucella bacteria, said Peruvian Deputy Environment Minister Gabriel Quijandria.


October 7 - President Hugo Chavez re-elected president. His key rival, Henrique Capriles, had been backed by 30 opposition parties.

§Southeast Asia

§Myanmar (Burma)

January 13 - The United States restored diplomatic relations with Myanmar on Friday, responding to the new civilian government’s rapid campaign of political and economic changes that most recently included a cease-fire with ethnic Karen rebels and the release of prominent political prisoners.

April 1 - Long-imprisoned Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's political party claimed victory in parliamentary elections, a dramatic development in the southeast Asian country's efforts to end its international isolation.

April 22 - Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party refused to take its new seats in parliament Monday because of a dispute over one word in the lawmakers' oath.

May 2 - Aung San Suu Kyi takes Myanmar parliamentary oath along with other members in her party and take their parliamentary seats after relenting on the the issue of a single word in the lawmaker's oath they felt gave the military too much power.

May 17 - U.S. President Barack Obama declared the easing of an investment ban and named the first US ambassador to the state in 22 years

October 27 - Burma's president has admitted an unprecedented wave of ethnic violence has targeted his country's Rohingya Muslim population, destroying whole villages and large parts of towns.

November 11 - A 6.8-magnitude earthquake struck northern Burma, destroying a bridge and a goldmine and leaving at least 12 people dead.


February 7 - Mohamed Nasheed, who in 2008 became the first democratically elected president of the 1,200-island archipelago, resigned after three weeks of opposition protests culminated in a police revolt. President Nasheed stepped down in what his spokesman described as a military coup. Following a confrontation between the president and the judiciary, opposition protests called for the president to step down. Members of the police and army, when called in by the president to subdue the protestors, instead joined them. Protestors seized offices of the national TV station and called for Nasheed to step down. Nasheed's vice president, Mohamed Waheed, was sworn in as president immediately following the departure, and Gayoom's Democratic Party is rallying for elections in 2013.


December 3-4 - Storm Bopha lashed the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, killing more than 80 people and injuring more than 100 as the fiercest cyclone this year ripped roofs and brought torrential rains that caused flooding and landslides.


March 31 - Three car-bomb attacks in southern Thailand, killed at least 14 people and wounded hundreds of others, propelled a long-simmering Muslim insurgency to a fresh crisis point after years of brutal attacks.

§South Pacific


May 29 - Australia ordered Syrian diplomats to leave the country, part of coordinated international action aimed at increasing pressure on the regime of President Bashar al-Assad to carry out a U.N. peace plan.

§Mariana Trench

March 26 - 7:52am local time, film maker/explorer James Cameron became the first person to visit the ocean's deepest point alone by diving to a depth of 35,756 feet (10,898m) into the Mariana Trench's Challenger Deep southwest of Guam.

§New Zealand

August 6 - Mount Tongariro erupted sending an ash cloud 12 kilometers high. The eruption occurred at the Te Māri Craters, which had been dormant since 1897.


April 11 -One of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded struck in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Sumatra.


October 8 - Successful launch of the first commercial cargo flight to the International Space Station (ISS). The reusable unmanned freighter Dragon was lifted into orbit at 8:35 PM EDT by a Falcon 9 booster from the Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

October 29 - The SpaceX Dragon cargo craft has made it safely back to Earth, completing the first ever commercial cargo mission to the International Space Station.

December 4 - Voyager 1 has finally reached the edge of our Solar System after 35 years in space.


January 14 - Arfa Karim Randhawa, 16 year old Computer programming child prodigy, from an epileptic seizure

February 3 - Ben Gazzara, actor, died of cancer at the age of 81.

February 9 - Steve Walker, acclaimed Canadian artist at the age of 50

February 11 - Whitney Houston, singer at the age of 48

March 17 - Pope Shenouda III, Head of the Coptic Christian Church age 88, seen as a spiritual and sometimes political leader who guarded the rights of Egypt's minority Christians

April 1 - Former President Miguel de la Madrid, who led Mexico from 1982 to 1988 during an economic crisis and a devastating earthquake, died at age 77

April 8 - Jack Tramiel, founder of Commodore Business Machines and later, the owner of Atari. He was 83. He changed the computing landscape by bringing low cost computers to millions of people, and he started a price war that saw dozens of large companies leave the market. He also took a bankrupt Atari and managed to keep it in business for another decade.

April 9 - Vale Ferdinand Porsche - designer of the Porsche 911

April 18 - Dick Clark, who originated “American Bandstand” and the perennial New Year’s Eve celebration on ABC, of a heart attack at the age of 82.

June 6 - Ray Bradbury, Master of Science Fiction, age 91

July 23 - Dr. Sally Ride, the first American woman to enter space

August 13 - Helen Gurley Brown, the former editor of Cosmopolitan, aged 90.

August 21 - Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian Prime Minister, Dies at 57

August 25 - Neil Armstrong, First Man on Moon, Dies at 82

September 2 - Rev. Sun Myung Moon, Founder of Unification Church, Dies at 92

October 9 - Paddy Roy Bates, a British pirate radio broadcaster and founder of the Principality of Sealand, styling himself Prince Roy since 2 September 1967. He occupied a marine defense platform called Roughs Tower. 2 September 1967, Bates declared the independence of Roughs Tower and deemed it the Principality of Sealand

October 15 - King Norodom Sihanouk, former king of Cambodia, age 89

October 17 - Stanford Robert Ovshinsky, inventor of the glass transistor used in flat screen TVs and the hybrid automobile battery, age 89

October 18 - Sylvia Kristel, Dutch Actress, known for her role in the French hit "Emmanuelle", dies at 60

October 21 - George Stanley McGovern - historian, author and U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election, age 90.

December 5 - Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect, dies at 104

December 5 - Dave Brubeck, musician who helped put jazz back in vogue, dies at 91

December 9 - Norman Joseph Woodland, the co-inventor of the bar code that labels nearly every product in stores and has boosted productivity in almost every sector of commerce world-wide, dies at 91

December 14 - Victoria Soto, age 27 teacher died at the Sandy Hook Elementary school massacre. A heroine she used her body as a shield to protect her students from a gunman. Five other adults and twenty Sandy Hook Elementary students also died between the ages of 5 and 10.

December 17 - Daniel K. Inouye, United States Senator, dies at 88. Inouye represented Hawaii in Congress from the time it became a state in 1959. His last word was, "Aloha"

December 23 - Richard Adams, American Gay Marriage Pioneer, dies at 65 after a brief illness.

December 31 - Dr. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Nobel Prize-winning neurologist discoverer of critical chemical tools that the body uses to direct cell growth and build nerve networks, died at her home in Rome. She was 103.


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