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2007CE

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As 2007 began, a key discussion World-wide was the changing global climate. The previous year was one of the warmest on record in many areas of the World. A deadly storm, one of the worst in about 17 years, raged in mid-January in Northwestern Europe. Britain was the worst hit with nine people killed as rain and gusts of up to 99mph (159km/h) swept the country. Hurricane-force winds battered Germany and claimed at least seven lives. Other deaths were reported in France, the Czech Republic and the Netherlands.

In a 21-page report for U.S. policymakers presented in early February, the group of climate experts unanimously linked,with 90% certainty, the increase of average global temperatures since the mid-20th century is due to the increase of man-made greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

§Of Interest to All

Comet McNaught, the brightest comet in over 40 years, makes perihelion on January 12th.

March 3rd Total lunar eclipse.

July 7 – Live Earth Concerts are held throughout 9 major cities around the world.

July 21 – The final book of the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, is released and sells over 11 million copies in the first 24 hours, becoming the fastest selling book in history

§Africa

§Algeria

September 6 - A bomb explodes in Batna, Algeria as a crowd gathers to see Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika; 19 people die, 107 are wounded by the attack.

September 8 – Over 50 people die when a car bomb explodes in the Algerian port city of Dellys.

§Angola

January 1st, Angola joined OPEC.

§Kenya

December 31 – Over 200 people are killed in Kenya, due to riots over the results of the December 27 presidential election.

§Nigeria

April 21st, presidential elections were held in Nigeria.

§Somalia

January 1st, Fighters of the Islamic Courts Union abandoned their last stronghold in Kismayo and fled for the Kenyan border.

January 5th, the first shots were fired in the battle for control of the border town of Ras Kamboni.

January 9th, U.S. planes conducted an air strike in Somalia against suspected terrorists.

January 12th, warlord gunmen tried to force their way inside the presidential palace and fought Somali troops. The shootout which killed a handful of people and came as warlords agreed to merge their forces into a new national army, was the kind of clash that was commonplace in Mogadishu. Within hours of the Islamists fleeing Mogadishu, militiamen loyal to the warlords reappeared at checkpoints in the city where they used to terrorize civilians.

On January 13th, Somalia's parliament,in the government's interim seat of Baidoa, declared a 3-month state of emergency. Ethiopian and Somali troops defeated Islamists who controlled much of the south, voted 154 to two to ratify Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi's plan.

The government was trying to install itself in the nation's capital, Mogadishu, and faced a huge challenge to bring peace and security to Somalia, which had been without central rule since the 1991 ouster of its dictator. Residents fear Mogadishu could slide back into the anarchy that has gripped the city since 1991.

June 1 - U.S. warships bombard a Somali village where Islamic militants had set up a base.

§South Africa

July 18 – Nelson Mandela convenes a group of world leaders to contribute their ideas to tackle some of the world's toughest problems.

October 18 - Lucky Dube, a famous South African reggae artist, is murdered in front of two of his children in an attempted carjacking in the Johannesburg suburb of Rosettenville.

§Sudan

July 3 – Torrential rains cause the onset of the 2007 Sudan floods, the worst in the Sudan's history.

§Asia

§China

January 1 - Smoking is banned in all public places in Hong Kong.

January 3 – China conducts an anti-terror raid in Xinjiang.

January 11 - China used a missile to destroy an orbiting satellite. The United States logged a formal diplomatic protest. The missile carried a "kill vehicle" and destroyed the satellite by ramming it.

February 2 - Chinese President Hu Jintao signs a series of economic deals with Sudan.

February 27th, The Chinese Correction: world stock markets plummet after China and Europe release less-than-expected growth reports.

March 5 - March 15 - The 2007 National People's Congress was held in Beijing, China. The Property Law of the People's Republic of China was officially adopted.

May 7 - Chinese slave scandal. The 2007 Chinese slave scandal was a series of forced labor cases in Shanxi, China. Thousands of Chinese people including children had been forced to work as slaves in illegal brick kilns, and tortured by the owners of the kilns. As of June 2007, approximately 550 people have been saved.

July 10 – Zheng Xiaoyu, head of the State Food and Drug Administration of the People's Republic of China, is executed.

August 14 - At least 22 people are killed, and at least 39 missing, as a bridge collapses in the southeastern province of Hunan, China.

September 19 – Typhoon Wipha hits Fuding, China. Authorities had evacuated over 2 million people prior to the storm's landfall.

§Japan

Japan was rocked by a Richter 8.3 earthquake off the Kuril Islands north of Hokkaido on January 12th. Fears of a tsunami were quelled hours later when the tsunami failed to appear.

July 16 – An earthquake in Japan kills 7 and causes a pipe at a nuclear power plant to break, releasing about 300 gallons of radioactive water

June 1 - A 2,100-year-old melon is discovered by archaeologists in western Japan

September 12 - Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announces his resignation, effective September 19.

September 26 - Emperor Akihito swears in Yasuo Fukuda as the 91st Prime Minister of Japan.

§North Korea

February 13th, North Korea agreed to shut down its nuclear facilities in Yongbyon by April 14 as a first step towards complete denuclearization, receiving in return energy aid equivalent to 50,000 tons of heavy fuel oil.

§South Korea

The South Korean government's ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy has begun creating guidelines for the treatment of robots in the future as they become more intelligent. This guideline is known as the Robot Ethics Charter. The Ministry of Information and Communication has also predicted that every South Korean household will have a robot by between 2015 and 2020.

April 19 – U.S. and allied air forces conduct massive exercises over South Korea with over 500 planes

October 2 – South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun and North Korean leader Kim Jong-il meet in Pyongyang, for the second Inter-Korean Summit.

§Taiwan

Taiwan High Speed Rail opened between Taipei and Kaohsiung on January 5th.

February 13th, Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigned as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement; Ma also announced his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.

August 18 - Typhoon Sepat makes landfall in eastern Taiwan.

September 15 – Over 300,000 Taiwanese people rally in Taiwan to demand that the UN accept Taiwan. At the same time, over 3,000 Taiwanese Americans rally in New York to make the same plea.

§Central America

§Nicaragua

September 4 – Northeast Nicaragua takes a direct hit from Hurricane Felix. The hurricane is a strong Category 5 storm when it reaches the coast.

§Europe

July 1 - Portugal takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union from Germany.

August 9 - The European Central Bank made an unprecedented offer of unlimited funds to member banks as the demand for cash soared as a result of French Paribas freezing redemptions of three funds. At this time there are widespread rumors of other funds in distress.

November 14 - High Speed 1 from London to the Channel Tunnel is opened to passengers.

December 21 – The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the Schengen border-free zone.

§Bulgaria

On January 1st Bulgaria officially joined the European Union.

§Eastern Europe

January 8th, Russian oil supplies to Poland, Germany, and Ukraine were cut as the Russia-Belarus energy dispute escalated. It was restored 3 days later.

§France

May 6th, Nicolas Sarkozy was elected President of the French Republic, defeating Ségolène Royal with 53% of the vote in the French Presidential Election.

July 22 - A bus carrying 50 Polish pilgrims crashes near Grenoble, France, killing 26 people and injuring 24.

The French bank BNP Paribas triggered doubts when it suspended withdrawals from three investment funds in the United States on Thursday, August 9th.

November 25 - Riots continue for a second night in Val-d'Oise, France following the death of 2 youths in a motorcycle collision with a police vehicle.

§Gibraltar

The new constitution of this British territory, bordering Spain, came into force.

§Great Britain

February 1 – British Prime Minister Tony Blair is questioned for a second time in the 'cash for peerages (Cash for Honours)' probe as a witness.

On February 3rd, the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu was found at a Bernard Matthews turkey farm in Suffolk.

Local government elections were held on May 3rd.

May 10th, Tony Blair announced he will resign as British Prime Minister on 27 June triggering a Labour Party leadership election.

June 24 - The refurbished Millennium Dome, now called The O2, reopens in London.

June 24 - Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 2007: Gordon Brown is elected Leader of the Labour Party UK, succeeding incumbent Tony Blair, and becoming Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 3 days later.

June 25 – Following the wettest June on record in the United Kingdom, Sheffield and South Yorkshire are affected by flooding. Much of Sheffield, Doncaster and Rotherham is flooded when the River Don breaches its banks.

June 29 – British police defuse a bomb in Haymarket, Central London.

July 22 - Floods cause chaos through wide areas of Great Britain, especially the counties of Gloucestershire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire, and Oxfordshire, leaving hundreds homeless and thousands of vehicles stranded on major roads.

August 3 – Foot and mouth disease is found on a farm at Wanborough, near to Guildford, Surrey. A UK-wide ban on movement of all livestock is put in place the following day.

October 17 – Whitehaven becomes the first place in the United Kingdom to have one of its analogue terrestrial television signals switched off as part of the digital switchover.

November 20 – The UK's HM Revenue and Customs admits that it has misplaced 2 computer discs which contained the records of child benefit claimants data, including bank details and National Insurance numbers, in the United Kingdom, leaving up to 7.25 million households susceptible to identity theft.

§Greece

June 28 – In the aftermath of Greece's worst heatwave in a century, at least 11 people are reported dead from heatstroke, approximately 200 wildfires break out nationwide, and the country's electricity grid nearly collapses due to record breaking demand.

August 25 - Greek Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis declares a national state of emergency after a series of devastating wildfires ravage western Peloponese and southern Euboea, killing 68 people.

§Northern Ireland

March 7th, Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2007 was held. May 8th the devolved government is restored to Northern Ireland, with Ian Paisley as First Minister and Martin McGuinness as Deputy First Minister.

§Portugal

Abortion was legalized by a national referendum on February 11th.

§Romania

On January 1st Romania officially joined the European Union.

§Scotland

May 3rd, Scottish Parliament election, 2007: The Scottish National Party became the largest party in Scotland for the first time in their history.

May 17th, Alex Salmond officially became First Minister of Scotland after taking over from Jack McConnell.

June 30 - A Jeep Cherokee drives into the entrance of the main terminal of Glasgow International Airport in an apparent terrorist incident, resulting in a petrol-driven fire.

§Spain

October 4 – Spanish authorities arrest 22 people associated with the banned Batasuna party, which campaigns for Basque independence, but also has ties to the terrorist group ETA.

§Slovenia

On January 1st, Slovenia officially adopts the Euro as its currency, replacing the tolar.

§Vatican

October 28 - The Vatican beatifies 498 Spanish victims of religious persecution from before and during the Spanish Civil War.

§Wales

May 3 - National Assembly for Wales elections 2007.

§India

Beginning January 3rd, Hindus began the 42 day celebration of Maha Kumbh Mela. It is the largest gathering of people for a single purpose in the World with 50 to 70 million people expected at this year's gathering. It is celebrated every 12 years.

Allahabad, in the Hindi heartland state of Uttar Pradesh, is one of four spots where Garuda, the winged steed of Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have rested during a titanic battle with demons over a pitcher of divine nectar of immortality.

Garuda's flight lasted twelve divine days, or twelve years of mortal time, thus the 12 year cycle for the celebration of Maha Kumbh Mela.

July 19 - Prathiba Patil is elected as the first female President of India.

August 25 - Forty-four people are dead after 2 bombs explode in Hyderabad, India.

November 21 - In Calcutta, protests over Bangladeshi feminist writer Taslima Nasreen turn into deadly riots; troops are deployed

§Bangladesh

January 11th, a state of emergency was declared by caretaker President Iajuddin Ahmed, following weeks of violent protests preceding upcoming parliamentary elections.

November 14 - Cyclone Sidr formed and was the strongest named cyclone in the Bay of Bengal. The fourth named storm of the 2007 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Sidr formed in the central Bay of Bengal, and quickly strengthened to reach peak 1-minute sustained winds of 260 km/h (160 mp/h), which would make it a Category-5 equivalent tropical cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. The storm eventually made landfall in Bangladesh on November 15. The storm caused large-scale evacuations here. 3,447 deaths were blamed on the storm.

Save the Children estimated the number of deaths to be between 5,000 and 10,000, while the Red Crescent Society reported on November 18 that the number of deaths could be up to 10,000.

§Pakistan

October 18 - After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to her homeland Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing 136, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escapes uninjured.

November 3 – President Pervez Musharraf declares a state of emergency in Pakistan.

November 25 - Nawaz Sharif makes a second attempt to return to Pakistan along with his brother Shahbaz Sharif and other family members.

November 28 – President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf stands down as the head of the Pakistan Army, and is successed by Lt. General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani.

December 27 – Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated, and at least 20 others are killed by a bomb blast at an election rally in Rawalpindi.

§Middle East

§Iran

April 4th, Iran announced it will release the British sailors and marines that they captured on March 23. The captives arrived back in the UK the next day.

§Iraq

Barzan Hassan al-Tikriti and Awad Bandar, Saddam Hussein's half-brother and the former regime's chief judge, were hanged side by side about 3 a.m. January 15th. The force of the half-brother's hanging decapitated him. They were executed for their roles in the killings of 148 men and boys after a 1982 assassination attempt on Hussein in Dujail, Iraq.

August 14 - Multiple suicide bombings kill 572 people in Qahtaniya, northern Iraq.

September 3 – British troops withdraw from the Basra region of Iraq.

§Israel

January 24th, the Israeli Ministry of Justice announced that the President of Israel, Moshe Katsav, will be charged with rape and abuse of power. The next day he took a leave of absence.

On 7 March 2007, Katsav survived an attempt to impeach him by the Knesset House Committee. His seven-year term was scheduled to run out constitutionally on 15 July 2007. However, in accordance with a plea agreement, he had resigned, effective July 1, 2007. Shimon Peres was elected to succeed him on 13 June 2007.

March 8th Olmert admitted that Israel had planned an attack on Lebanon in the event of kidnapped soldiers on the border, months before Hezbollah carried out its kidnapping.

May 15th Coalition government of Fatah and Hamas in Palestinian National Authority appeared to break down, as massive fighting breaks out in Gaza Strip.

On 29 June 2007 at 11:02 Katsav submitted a letter of resignation. According to the Basic Law: The President of the State, the president's resignation came into force 48 hours after the letter's receipt.

§Palestine

July 4 – After being held captive for 114 days, BBC journalist Alan Johnston is freed by his Palestinian kidnappers.

August 6 - Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert arrives in the historic Palestinian town of Jericho, becoming the first Prime Minister of Israel to visit the West Bank or Gaza Strip in more than 7 years. Olmert meets with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.

§Syria

September 6 - Operation Orchard: Israeli airplanes strike a suspected nuclear site in Syria.

§Turkey

April 27th, Turkish Presidential Election first round, which was later declared invalid by a Turkish court.

§North America

§Canada

March 26th, in the Canadian province of Québec, the Liberal Party won a National Assembly election with 48 seats out of 125 and formed a minority government.

October 14 - Robert Dziekanski, a Polish immigrant to Canada, dies after being tasered five times by the Vancouver Royal Canadian Mounted Police, prompting nation-wide controversy on use of the weapon.

§Mexico

April 24th, abortion was legalized in Mexico City.

August 21 – Hurricane Dean, a powerful Category 5 storm, slams into a largely evacuated Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico.

September 20 – The 2007 Universal Forum of Cultures opens in Monterrey, Mexico.

§United States

January - The iPhone was first unveiled at the MacWorld conference.

Beavers, once hunted to extinction in New York City were spotted for the first time in 200 years, spotted in the Bronx River on February 21st.

The Hilo Art Museum was founded in Hilo, Hawaii at a meeting in Kea'au, Hawaii on April 15th. This art museum is unique in that it was founded around a teaching collection of copies of the masters so that people in isolated Hawaii would have access to view representations of the world's art. Hawaiian Monarchs of the 19th century once sought to integrate Western culture into Hawaiian culture by traveling personally halfway around the World to meet with other monarchs, experiencing Western culture and society firsthand, and then returning to begin integrating it into their personal, government and island lives. The Hilo Art Museum continues that tradition bringing Western art to the Hawaiian people of all races.

April 16 - A Virginia Tech senior from South Korea killed at least 30 people locked inside a classroom building in the deadliest shooting rampage in the United States.

May 3 – The U.S. House of Representatives passes the Matthew Shepard Act. It is the first time that the House brings a gay rights bill to the floor for a vote.

May 4 – A tornado kills 12 in Greensburg, Kansas, destroying about 90% of the town.

June 2 – Four people are charged in a terror plot to blow up JFK International Airport in New York.

June 18 – Nine Charleston, South Carolina firefighters are killed by a roof collapse while battling a furniture store fire.

June 30 - The Hawaii Superferry arrives in Honolulu after a 7,600 mile journey from Mobile, Alabama. The Hawaii Superferry eventually goes bankrupt due to court actions stopping the ferry from operating due to skirting the law requiring an environmental impact study.

July 15 – In Tacoma, Washington, the second span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens to traffic, making it the longest twin suspension bridge in the world.

August 1 - The I-35W bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis collapsed killing 13 and injuring 145.

August 6 - The Crandall Canyon Mine in Emery County, Utah collapses, trapping 6 miners.

August 16 – The Crandall Canyon Mine in Emery County, Utah, collapses a second time, killing 3 rescue workers and injuring 6 more.

August 18 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Erin re-strengthen into a tropical storm over Oklahoma, causing widespread flooding and wind damage.

August 30 – 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident: A B-52 flies from Minot AFB, ND to Barksdale AFB, LA carrying 6 nuclear warheads.

September 3-20 - The Moonlight fire burned for 22 days near Westwood California. Investigations into what started the fire led to a Sierra Pacific judgement for $122 million. Later evidence of fraud was discovered in this case by Cal Fire and evidence of a multimillion dollar off the books slush fund.

September 15 – Over 3,000 Taiwanese Americans and their supporters rally in front of the UN in New York City to demand that the UN accept Taiwan. At the same time, over 300,000 Taiwanese people rally in Taiwan to make the same plea.

October 8 – Track and field star Marion Jones surrenders her 5 Olympic medals she won in the 2000 Sydney Games, after admitting to doping.

October 18 - In New York City, one of the worlds leading art galleries, the Salander/O'Reilly Galleries, is forced into closure amidst scandal and lawsuits.

October 20 – November 9 – Wildfires in Southern California result in the evacuation of more than a million people, and destroy over 1,600 homes and businesses.

November 4 - The DARPA Grand Challenge, a prized competition for driverless cars to navigate safely in traffic is scheduled

November 5 – The Writers Guild of America goes on a strike that lasts until February 12, 2008.

December 3 – Winter Storms bring record amounts of rain fall in the Pacific Northwest, causing flooding and closing a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages occur in Washington.

December 5 – Robert A. Hawkins shoots 8 people dead and injures 5 at the Westroads Mall in Omaha, Nebraska, then commits suicide.

December 13 - Former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell publicly releases a report, accusing 89 retired and active Major League Baseball players of anabolic steroid use.

December 20 - A group of activist Lakota people send a letter to the United States State Department, declaring their secession from the Union as the Republic of Lakotah.

§U.S. Economy

April 25th, the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 135.95 points to close at 13089.89; its first close above 13000 in its history.

May 18,A gauge of future economic activity showed the US economy will slow in coming months, reversing recent gains and suggesting higher gas prices and a sluggish construction industry are beginning to take their toll.

§U.S. Industry

July 8 – Boeing launches the new Boeing 787.

§U.S. Law

The Supreme Court ordered the federal government on April 2nd to take a fresh look at regulating carbon dioxide emissions from cars, a rebuke to Bush administration policy on global warming.

In a 5-4 decision, the court said the Clean Air Act gives the Environmental Protection Agency the authority to regulate the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from cars.

§U.S. Politics

January 4rth, Nancy Pelosi became the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives.

February 10th, U.S. Senator Barack Obama of Illinois announces a presidential bid in Springfield, Illinois.

April 25th, Representative Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio), introduced articles to impeach Vice President Dick Cheney.

May 4th, Executive Directive 51, which specifies the procedures for continuity of the federal government of the United States in the event of a "catastrophic emergency" was signed by President George W. Bush.

November 27 – The Annapolis Conference, a peace conference trying to end the Arab-Israeli conflict, is held in Annapolis, Maryland in the United States.

§U.S. War in Iraq

January 10th U.S. President George W. Bush announced a plan to station 21,500 additional troops in Iraq.

§Russia

January 8 - Russian oil supplies to Poland, Germany, and Ukraine are cut as the Russia-Belarus energy dispute escalates; they are restored 3 days later.

March 27th, Prime Minister of Latvia Aigars Kalvitis and Prime minister of Russia Mikhail Fradkov finally sign a border treaty between Latvia and Russia.

June 3 – The Valley of Geysers in Russia is destroyed by a mudflow.

July 14 – Following a presidential decree, Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

July 19 - Russia expels 4 British embassy staff in a tit-for-tat response over Britain's expulsion of 4 of Russia's diplomats. Russia also refuses to cooperate with Britain over the war on terror.

August 17 Vladimir Putin issues a statement, revealing that Russia is to resume the flight exercises of its strategic bombers in remote areas. The flights were suspended in 1991 after the Collapse of the Soviet Union.

September 14 - Viktor Zubkov is approved as the new Prime Minister of Russia after a vote in the Duma.

November 24 – Police break up anti-Putin demonstrations in Saint Petersburg and Moscow.

§Afghanistan

November 6 – A suicide bomber kills at least 50 people in Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan, including 6 members of the National Assembly.

§Estonia

By February 28th over 27,000 Estonians had cast a vote in the March 4 primary in the first-ever national Internet-based electronic election (e-ballot). There were no reported problems and the expected total vote count is 30,000. The system had been tested in Estonia previously in a municipal election before using it in the national election. Voters visit the official Web site and, after identifying themselves with an electronic ID card, possessed by 80 percent of Estonians, they are able to cast their ballot. Their vote is then confirmed by entering an electronic signature in a special device connected to the computer.

April 26th, Russians riot in Tallinn, Estonia, about moving the Bronze Soldier. Two nights of rioting leave one dead.

§Ukraine

April 3rd, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko dissolved the Ukrainian Parliament following defections that increased the majority of his opponents. It has been nicknamed the "Second Orange Revolution".

November 18 – The Zasyadko mine disaster in eastern Ukraine claims the lives of 101 miners.

§Scandinavia

§Finland

September 1 – Finland switches off all of its analogue terrestrial television signals as part of the digital switchover.

November 7 - Jokela school shooting: Finnish youth Pekka-Eric Auvinen kills 8 people and wounds 1 at the Jokela School Centre.

§South America

§Argentina

January 12th, An Argentine judge issued a warrant for the arrest of former President Isabel Martínez de Perón in connection with the disappearance of a human rights worker in 1976.

October 28 - Cristina Fernández de Kirchner becomes the first female elected president of Argentina.

§Brazil

January 1st, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was sworn in for a second term. Considered Brazil's first working-class president, he promised to boost the nation's lackluster economy and ease the deep divide between a rich elite and millions living in misery. "One of my biggest commitments is that I never forget where I came from," Lula told lawmakers in the capitol, Brasilia's congressional palace.

June 27 – The military police of the state of Rio de Janeiro invades the favela of Complexo do Alemão, causing a massacre.

December 2 - Brazil started to broadcast ISDB-based SBTVD in a ceremony with Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

§Chile

September 21 – The Supreme Court of Chile rules that former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori must be extradited to Peru, to face charges of corruption and human rights abuse.

November 14 - A 7.7 magnitude earthquake occurs in northern Chile.

§Peru

August 15 – An 8.0 earthquake strikes Peru, killing 512 people, injuring more than 1,500, and causing tsunami warnings in the Pacific Ocean.

§Venezuela

Hugo Chavez began his third term in office in early January after a landslide election in December 2006. A week later, Venezuela's National Assembly gave initial approval to a bill granting President Hugo Chavez the power to rule by decree for 18 months. Something Chavez wanted in order to approve "revolutionary laws", as well as enact sweeping political, economic and social change.

It is Chavez' intention to nationalize power and telecom companies and called for an end to foreign ownership of crude oil refineries in the Orinoco region.

He also called for an end to presidential term limits.

Venezuela's political opposition has no representation in the National Assembly since it boycotted elections in 2005.

December 2 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez's proposed changes to the Venezuelan constitution are narrowly defeated in a nationwide referendum.

§South East Asia

§Myanmar

September 26 - The first confirmed deaths result from the Myanmar military's crackdown on weeks-long anti-government protests. Buddhist monks are arrested and Internet access is cut from the public

§Nepal

December 24 – The Nepalese government announces that the country's 240-year-old monarchy will be abolished in 2008 and a new republic will be declared.

December 25 – An overcrowded suspension bridge collapses near Nepalgunj, Nepal. At least 15 people are dead, with 100 to 200 missing.

§Vietnam

January 11th, Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization as its 150th member.

September 26 - In southern Vietnam the Can Tho Bridge, which is under construction, collapses, killing scores of workers.

§Space

An Earth-like planet spotted outside our solar system is the first found that could support liquid water and harbor life. The new "super-Earth" is called Gliese 581 C. Because it lies within its star's habitable zone and is relatively close to Earth, Gliese 581 C could be a very important target for future space missions.

§South Pacific

§Australia

August 1 - In a decision in the Supreme Court of South Australia by Justice Thomas Gray, Bruce Trevorrow, a member of the Stolen Generation, is awarded $775,000 compensation.

September 2–9 – The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit hosts its 19th annual city meeting in Sydney.

November 25 - The 2009 Federal Elections are held in Australia. Prime Minister of Australia, John Howard loses the election to Opposition Leader, Kevin Rudd and loses his seat of Bennelong to former ABC journalist, Maxine McKew.

§Indonesia

February 3rd, a State of Emergency was declared in Indonesia after 'El Nino'-like flooding.

December 3 – 14 – The United Nations Climate Change Conference is held at Nusa Dua in Bali, Indonesia.

§New Zealand

October 15 - Members of the Armed Offenders Squad, Special Tactics Group and several hundred New Zealand Police officers take part in anti-terror raids in New Zealand.

§Philippines

May 14th, Senatorial elections in the Philippines were held.

October 19 – A gas explosion rocks Glorietta, a shopping mall in Makati, Philippines, killing 11 and injuring more than 100.

November 13 – An explosion hits the south wing of the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Quezon City, north of Manila, killing 4 people, including Basilan Congressman Wahab Akbar, and wounding 6 others.

November 29 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lays siege to The Peninsula Manila, after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

§Solomon Islands

April 2, the Solomon Islands were shaken by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake, and hit by a subsequent tsunami.

§Thailand

September 16 – One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 crashes in Phuket, Thailand, killing 89 passengers and crew.

§Of Interest to Almost No One

January 13th, WikiHistory had its first vandal attack. The pages were almost immediately restored.

§Space

February 25th, The European Space Agency confirmed Rosetta's successful Mars trajectory fly-by.

February 28th - The New Horizons space probe made a gravitational slingshot against Jupiter which changed its trajectory towards Pluto.

April 24th, Gliese 581 c, a potentially habitable Earth-like extrasolar planet, was discovered in the constellation Libra.

August 4 – The Phoenix spacecraft launches toward the Martian north pole.

October 24 – In the space of a few hours, Comet Holmes develops a coma and flares up to half a million times its former brightness, becoming visible to the naked eye. Its coma later becomes larger in volume than the Sun, making it the second comet to do so in 2007 after Comet McNaught.

§Deaths

  • January 23 - E. Howard Hunt, former CIA Officer, organizer of both a Guatemalan coup and the botched Bay of Pigs invasion, and author of more than 80 books and Watergate Conspirator.
  • April 23 - Boris Yeltsin, former president of Russia.

§Sources

http://www.ndtvprofit.com/homepage/storybusinessnew.asp?template=&whichstory=n&id=38342

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