Recent Changes - Search:


<< 2004 CE | 2001-2009 CE | 2006 CE >>

§World Events

On February 16th the Kyoto Protocol went into effect, without the support of the United States and Australia.

November 28-December 9 - The United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Montreal, Quebec. The conference featured a speech by former President Bill Clinton that the George W. Bush Administration objects to.

December 12th, Scientists announced that they created mice with small amounts of human brain cells in an effort to make realistic models of neurological disorders.

December 18 - The World Trade Organization 6th ministerial conference concludes in Hong Kong with a limited trade deal being ratified.


§Burkina Faso

Blaise Compaoré was re-elected president for a third term. A previous coup attempt in 2003 failed.


December 23rd, Chad declared a state of war against Sudan following a December 18th attack on Adre, which left about 100 people dead.


December 13th A 6.7 magnitude earthquake rocked South Asia.


August 24 – Hong Kong High Court Judge Michael Hartmann rules that sodomy laws are unconstitutional.

October 15 – The Qinghai-Tibet Railway is completed.

December 4th There was a protest for democracy in Hong Kong that drew 250,000 people.


April 20 – An earthquake (5.8 on the Richter scale) hits Fukuoka and Kasuga, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, injuring 56.

April 25 – Amagasaki rail crash: A passenger train derails in Amagasaki Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, killing 107 people and injuring another 456.

November 15th, an earthquake hit near Sanriku in Japan, prompting a tsunami warning.

§North Korea

On February 10th, North Korea announced that it possessed nuclear weapons as a protection against the hostility it feels from the United States.

§Central America


Manuel Zelaya was elected the new President of Honduras.

§Baltic Region

October 8 – The 2005 Kashmir earthquake kills about 80,000 people.



February 23 – A controversial French law on colonialism, requiring teachers to paint it in a positive light, is passed by the national legislature.

April 15 – A hotel fire in central Paris kills at least 21 and injures around 50.

May 29 – A French referendum on the European Constitution votes resoundingly to reject it.

June - Serial impersonator, Frédéric Bourdin passed himself off as Francisco Hernandes-Fernandez, a 15-year-old Spanish orphan, and spent a month in the College Jean Monnet in Pau, France. He claimed that his parents had been killed in a car accident. He dressed as a teenager, adopted a proper walking style, covered his receding hairline with a baseball cap and used depilatory face creams. On 12 June a teacher unmasked him after seeing a TV program about his exploits. On 16 September he was sentenced to four months in prison for possessing and using the previous false identity of Léo Balley.

According to interviews, Bourdin has been looking for "love and affection" and attention he never received as a child. He has pretended to be an orphan several times.

October 27th two teenagers accidentally electrocuted themselves in Seine-Saint-Denis, Paris, leading to widespread rioting.

November 8th, President Jacques Chirac declared a state of emergency on the 12th day of civil unrest.

November 30th, surgeons carried out the first human face transplant.


August 16 – The XX World Youth Day begins in Cologne, Germany.

German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. They became necessary after a motion of confidence in Chancellor Gerhard Schröder failed on July 1. Following the defeat of Schröder's Social Democratic Party (SPD) in a state election, Schröder asked his supporters to abstain in the Bundestag motion in order that it fail and thus trigger an early federal election.

The opposition Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its sister party in Bavaria, the Christian Social Union (CSU), started the federal election campaign with a 21% lead over the SPD in opinion polls. Many commentators expected the Christian Democrats to win a clear electoral victory and that CDU leader Angela Merkel would become Chancellor, forming a government with the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and displacing the governing SPD-Green coalition. However, the CDU/CSU significantly lost momentum during the campaign and ultimately won only 1% more votes and four more seats than the SPD.

Exit polls showed clearly that neither coalition group had won a majority of seats in the Bundestag. Both parties lost seats compared to 2002, as did the Greens, while only the Left Party (a partial successor of the Party of Democratic Socialism led by Gregor Gysi and former SPD chairman Oskar Lafontaine) made significant gains. Both Schröder and Merkel claimed victory, but the formation of a new government required careful negotiations. On October 10, 2005, officials from the SPD and the CDU/CSU indicated that negotiations between the two had concluded successfully and that the participating parties would form a Grand Coalition with Angela Merkel as Chancellor. 397 CDU/CSU and SPD Bundestag members duly voted for Merkel when the Bundestag met on November 22.

§Great Britain

April 9 – The marriage of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles takes place, after being briefly postponed following the Pope's death. Camilla assumes the titles Her Royal Highness and Duchess of Cornwall.

July 21 – A terrorist attack on London, similar to the July 7 attacks, includes 4 attempted bomb attacks on 3 underground trains and a London bus. The bombs fail to explode properly, and only 1 injury is reported, later found to be unconnected.

July 22 – A Brazilian electrician, Jean Charles de Menezes, is shot dead at a London underground station by police who mistake him for a suicide bomber.


April 23 – Silvio Berlusconi, prime minister of Italy, re-forms the government after its dissolution 3 days earlier.


April 6 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco dies; his son Albert II succeeds him.


June 1 – A Dutch referendum on the European Constitution votes to reject it, the second country to do so.


October 9 – Polish presidential election: The 1st round results in a runoff between top candidates Donald Tusk and Lech Kaczyński.

December 23rd, Lech Kaczyński was sworn in as the President of Poland in Warsaw.


February 20 – Early legislative elections in Portugal result in a landslide victory for José Sócrates and the Socialist Party.


February 20 – Spain holds a referendum on the Constitution for Europe, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.

June 19 – Preliminary election results in the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain show that Manuel Fraga and the Partido Popular have lost control of the autonomous parliament.

On June 30th Spain permitted same-sex marriage.


April 17 – Twelve holidaymakers are killed in southern Switzerland when a bus carrying 27 people plunges 656 feet into a ravine.

June 5 – Switzerland votes to join the Schengen treaty and to allow same-sex partnerships.

§Vatican City

April 2 – Pope John Paul II dies; over 4 million people travel to the Vatican to mourn him.

April 19th, Pope Benedict XVI (formerly Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) succeeds Pope John Paul II, becoming the 265th pope.

On December 24th, Pope Benedict XVI led his first Christmas Midnight Mass as Pope, praying for peace in the Middle East.


January 25 - A crush during a Hindu pilgrimage in the district of Satara, 300 kilometres from Mumbai, kills 257 people.

§Middle East


July 23 – A series of blasts hits a resort town in Egypt.


February 22 – More than 500 people are killed and over 1,000 injured, after entire villages are flattened in an earthquake (6.4 on the Richter scale) in the Zarand region of Kerman province in southern Iran.

April 18 – Five people die in ethnic clashes in Iran's south-west Khuzestan province.


January 4 – Gunmen assassinate the Governor of Baghdad, Ali Al-Haidri.

August 31 - More than 1,000 people taking part in a pilgrimage are trampled to death or drown when a crowd panics on a bridge over the Tigris River in Baghdad caused by a rumour that two suicide bombers are present.

October 15 – The referendum on the new Proposed Iraqi constitution is held.

On October 19th the Trials of Saddam Hussein began and lasted 14 months including his appeal, which was denied.

December 15th, the first parliamentary elections took place under Iraq's new federal constitution.


August 17 – The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of the Israel unilateral disengagement plan, starts.

August 23 – Israel's unilateral disengagement from 25 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank ends.

November 21st Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, announced his resignation from Likud and his intention to form a new party devoted to peace in the region, Kadima, and asked the President of Israel to call a general election.

the trial of Tali Fahima ended in a plea bargain. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon is hospitalized after suffering a minor stroke. He is released from the hospital 2 days later.


May 17 – Kuwaiti women are granted the right to vote.


January 9 – Mahmoud Abbas is elected to succeed Yasser Arafat as Palestinian Authority President.

§Saudi Arabia

August 1 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia dies; his half-brother Abdullah of Saudi Arabia succeeds him.


April 26 – Facing international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.

June 6 – Syrian Vice President Abdul Halim Khaddam resigns.

§North America

October 19 – Hurricane Wilma swells into a Category 5 storm.


August 23 - Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas.


May 19 – The Canadian House of Commons members narrowly pass two budget bills at a second reading, allowing the minority Liberal government of Prime Minister Paul Martin to stay in power.

July 20 – Canada's Civil Marriage Act, legalizing same-sex marriage, receives Royal Assent.

September 27 – Michaëlle Jean, born in Haiti, becomes the 27th Governor General of Canada, and the first Black Canadian to hold that position.

On November 28th the Liberal Party minority government in Canada was toppled by a non-confidence vote in the House of Commons, tabled by the Conservatives and backed by the Bloc Québécois and the New Democratic Party, paving the way for a federal election on January 23, 2006. A giant ice shelf the size of 11,000 football fields snapped free from Canada's Arctic. The mass of ice broke clear from the coast of Ellesmere Island, about 800 kilometers (497 miles) south of the North Pole. This event, not noticed until 2006 through satellite imagery, concerned climatologists on the possible speed with which warming is occurring on the planet.


October 4 – Hurricane Stan hits Mexico and Central America, killing over 1,620 people.

§United States

January 6 – The Graniteville train disaster kills 9 and injures 250 in Graniteville, South Carolina.

January 16th, George W. Bush was inaugurated in Washington, D.C. for his second term as the 43rd President of the United States.

January 26 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derail, killing 11 and injuring 200, in Glendale, California.

January 31st the Michael Jackson trial commenced in Santa Barbara, California, 14 months after the popular performer was arrested with a great deal of publicity. On March 1st the prosecution began its testimony.

February 24 – David Hernandez Arroyo goes on a shooting rampage at the Smith County Courthouse in Tyler, Texas. He kills 2, including his ex-wife, and wounds 4 others before being killed in a police chase.

February 25 – Wichita, Kansas police apprehend the so-called BTK serial killer Dennis Rader, 31 years after his first murder.

March 11 – Three people, including a judge, are murdered in the Fulton County Courthouse in Atlanta, Georgia; the main suspect, Brian Nichols, surrenders to police the next day.

March 21 – Ten are killed in the Red Lake High School massacre in Minnesota, the worst (then) school shooting since the Columbine High School massacre.

May 13 – Serial killer Michael Bruce Ross becomes the first person executed in New England in 45 years.

May 13 – The United States Department of Defense issues a list of bases to be closed as part of the Base Realignment and Closure process (BRAC 2005).

May 31st, W. Mark Felt was confirmed to be "Deep Throat."

June 9 – 2005 Logan Airport runway incursion: Almost 400 people narrowly avoid disaster when 2 jet airliners nearly collide on the runway.

June 17 – A 6.7 aftershock, which followed a 5.3 earthquake the previous day, hits California, making it the 4th earthquake since June 12 in California.

July 10 – Hurricane Dennis strikes near Navarre Beach, Florida as a Category 3 storm, killing 10 after having killed over 50 in the Caribbean.

August 29 – At least 1,836 are killed, and severe damage is caused along the U.S. Gulf Coast, as Hurricane Katrina strikes coastal areas from Louisiana to Alabama, and travels up the entire state of Mississippi (flooding coast 31 feet/10 m), affecting most of eastern North America.

August 30 - Hurricane Katrina dissipated leaving thousands dead, and many without any homes. October 3rd Bush nominated Harriet Miers for the Supreme Court.

September 1 – Oil prices rise sharply following the economic effects of Hurricane Katrina.

September 24 – Hurricane Rita hits the U.S. Gulf Coast, devastating areas near Beaumont, TX and Lake Charles, LA. The Ninth Ward of New Orleans re-floods since Katrina, and Mississippi and Alabama are also affected.

September 24 – Worldwide protests occur against the Iraq War, with over 150,000 protestors in Washington DC (see Opposition to the Iraq War).

September 26 – U.S. Army Reservist Lynndie England is convicted by a military jury on 6 of 7 counts, in connection with the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal.

September 28 – American politician Tom DeLay is indicted on charges of criminal conspiracy by a Texas grand jury.

October 15 – A riot occurs in Toledo, Ohio during a Neo-Nazi rally on racial issues; 114 are arrested.

December 23rd, U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announces the first in an expected series of troop drawdowns following the Iraqi elections.

§U.S. Business

February 15 – The Internet site YouTube goes online.

June 2 – The construction of Northrop Grumman X-47B, the world's first unmanned surveillance attack aircraft that can operate from both land bases and aircraft carriers, begins.

June 17 – Because of "quadruple-witching" options and futures expiration, the New York Stock Exchange sees the heaviest first-hour trading on record. 704 million shares are traded between 9:30-10:30 A.M. (1.92 billion shares for the day).

§U.S. Law

March 1 – Roper v. Simmons: The Supreme Court of the United States rules the death penalty unconstitutional for juveniles who committed their crimes before age 18.

March 23 – The United States' 11th Circuit Court of Appeals refuses 2-1 to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.

July 19 – U.S. president George W. Bush nominates Appeals Court Judge John G. Roberts, Jr. to the United States Supreme Court, following the retirement of Sandra Day O'Connor.

September 5 – John G. Roberts is nominated by President George W. Bush for Chief Justice of the United States, replacing William Rehnquist, who had died 2 days previously.

September 29 – John G. Roberts, Jr. is confirmed and sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.

October 3 – U.S. President George W. Bush nominates Harriet Miers for the Supreme Court of the United States.

§U.S. Politics

May 16 – George Galloway appears before a United States Senate committee, to answer allegations of making money from the Iraqi Oil-for-Food Programme.



September 30 – Controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.


Jens Stoltenberg became Prime Minister of Norway on October 17th for the second time in history.

§South America


May - Under duress from protesters, the Bolivian congress enacted a new hydrocarbons law, increasing the state's royalties from natural gas exploitation. However, protesters, who included Evo Morales and Felipe Quispe, demanded full nationalization of hydrocarbon resources, and the increased participation of Bolivia's indigenous majority, mainly composed of Aymaras and Quechuas, in the political life of the country.

June 6 - President Mesa was forced to offer his resignation, as tens of thousands of protesters blockaded La Paz from the rest of the country daily. Morales' election at the end of 2005 was met with enthusiasm by the social movements, since he was, as the leader of left-wing MAS, one of the staunchest opponents to the exportation of the gas without corresponding industrialization in Bolivia.

December 18th, Evo Morales won the Bolivian Presidential Elections.


April 16 – President Lucio Gutierrez of Ecuador declares a state of emergency in the capital city and dissolves the Supreme Court.

April 20 – President Lucio Gutiérrez of Ecuador is said to have fled after Congress voted to sack him amid growing protests.


August 12 – Ronald Venetiaan is sworn into office as President of Suriname.

§Southeast Asia


April 21 – A bus crash in Vietnam's Central Highlands kills 30 Vietnamese war veterans.

§South Pacific


November 15th, Workers staged a massive protest against the Coalition government's planned Industrial Reform legislation.

December 11th, The 2005 Cronulla riots occurred in Sydney, involving up to 5,000 youths.


October 1st, bombings in Bali killed 26 people and injured more than 100.


  • January 12 - Deep Impact was launched from Cape Canaveral by a Delta 2 rocket.
  • January 14 - The Huygens probe landed on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn.
  • July 4 – NASA's "Copper bullet" from the Deep Impact spacecraft hits Comet Tempel 1, creating a crater for scientific studies.
  • July 26 – STS-114: The Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on its "Return To Flight" mission. This is the first space shuttle flight in nearly 2 1/2 years since the breakup of Space Shuttle Columbia on its return from mission STS-107.
  • August 12 - The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was launched.
  • October 12 – The second Chinese spacecraft, Shenzhou 6, is launched, carrying Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng for 5 days in orbit.


October 24 - Civil rights icon Rosa Parks died at age 92 in Detroit, Michigan.


<< 2004 CE | 2001-Present | 2006 CE >>

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on January 23, 2014, at 01:00 PM