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2001CE

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For many, January 1st of 2001 was the first day of the new millenium, depending on how you calculate the beginning dates of millenniums. On the first day of Summer a total eclipse of the sun occurred and later that year, the world was changed forever after the horrific September 11th attacks against the World Trade Center in New York, the Pentagon building in Washington, D.C. and against United Airlines flight 91 which crashed in Pennsylvania. In October, Apple's IPod was released, changing the way people listen to music.

§Africa

§Algeria

November 10 – Heavy rains and mudslides in Algeria kill more than 900.

§Ghana

May 9 - A stampede that follows a football match in a stadium in the capital Accra leaves 126 people dead.

§Asia

§China

January 23 – The Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident occurs.

A Chinese F-8 fighter jet bumped into a U.S. EP-3E surveillance aircraft on April 1st and forced the surveillance plane to make an emergency landing in Hainan, China. The U.S. crew of the EP=3E was detained for 10 days in China and the pilot of the Chinese fighter, Wang Wei, went missing and is presumed dead.

July 13 – Beijing wins the bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympics.

July 16 – The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation sign the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation.

After 15 years of negotiations, the People's Republic of China was admitted to the World Trade Organization on November 10th. In the following month, the People's Republic of China was granted permanent normal trade status with the United States on December 27th.

December 27 – The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade status with the United States.

§Japan

Junichiro Koizumi became Prime Minister of Japan on April 26th.

June 8 – Mamoru Takuma murders 8 first and second grade students and wounds 15 others in Osaka, Japan.

§Nepal

June 1 – Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal kills his father, the king, his mother and other members of the royal family with an assault rifle and then shoots himself in the Nepalese royal massacre. Dipendra dies June 4, as King of Nepal. His uncle Gyanendra accedes to the throne.

§Central America

§El Salvador

January 13 – A 7.6 magnitude earthquake hits all of El Salvador, killing at least 800 people and leaving thousands homeless.

February 13 – A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.

§Europe

§Bosnia-Herzegovina

In Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina, an attempt was made on May 7th to reconstruct the Ferhadija mosque. However, the ceremony resulted in mass riots by Serb nationalists that beat and stoned 300 elderly Bosnian Muslims.

§France

September 21 – The AZote Fertilisant chemical factory in Toulouse, France explodes, killing 29 and seriously wounding over 2,500.

§Great Britain

January 24 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Mandelson resigns from the British cabinet for the second time.

February 20 – The 2001 UK foot and mouth crisis begins.

April 29 – The UK Census is conducted in the United Kingdom.

On June 7th Tony Blair's Labour Party won the United Kingdom general election.

July 19 – UK politician and novelist Jeffrey Archer is sentenced to 4 years in prison for perjury and perverting the course of justice.

§Italy

May 13 – Silvio Berlusconi and the Italian House of the Liberties coalition win the general elections.

In late July, the 27th G8 summit took place in Genoa, Italy. Massive demonstrations were held against the meeting by anti-globalisation groups. One demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani, was shot dead by a carabiniere and several others were badly injured, during a police attack on a school used by the protesters as their headquarters.

§Netherlands

Also on April 1st, the Act on the Opening up of Marriage went into effect in the Netherlands, allowing same-sex couples to legally marry for the first time in the world since the reign of Nero.

§Portugal

March 4 – Hintze Ribeiro disaster: A bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.

July - Portugal decriminalizes all drugs for personal consumption.

§Republic of Yugoslavia

Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milosevic, surrendered on April 1st to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

April 1 – Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

§Vatican

November 22 – Pope John Paul II sends the first papal e-mail from a laptop in his office.

§India

An earthquake hit Gujarat, India, on January 26th, causing more than 20,000 deaths and destroyed most of the historical city.

The Parliament of India was attacked on December 13th by terrorists, killing 14 people. This brought India and Pakistan to the brink of war.

§Sri Lanka

July 24 – Tamil Tigers attack Bandaranaika International Airport in Sri Lanka, causing an estimated $500 million of damages.

§Balkans

§Afghanistan

March 12 - In Afghanistan, the Taliban blew up two 2,000-year-old Buddhist statues in the cliffs above Bamian - despite an international outcry which included complaints from various Muslim nations.

October 7 – War in Afghanistan (2001–present): The United States invades Afghanistan, with participation from other nations.

Allied U.S. and British forces took the city of Kabul on November 14th, Afghanistan after Taliban forces retreated from the city two days prior to their arrival.

Hamid Karzai was sworn in on December 22nd as head of the interim government of Afghanistan.

§Pakistan

June 20 – Pervez Musharraf becomes President of Pakistan after the resignation of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar.

§Middle East

§Iraq

February 16 – Iraq disarmament crisis: British and U.S. forces carry out bombing raids, attempting to disable Iraq's air defense network.

February 16 – US and UK war planes bomb a Baghdad suburb, killing 3.

June 19 – An American missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11. According to U.S. officials, it was actually an Iraqi missile that malfunctioned.

§Israel

February 6 – Likud Party leader Ariel Sharon wins election as Prime Minister of Israel.

May 22–23 – The Bahá'í Terraces officially open on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel (site of the Shrine of the Báb and the Bahá'í World Centre).

May 24 – The Versailles wedding hall disaster kills 23 in Jerusalem, Israel.

June 1 – A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21, mostly teenagers, in the Dolphinarium disco in Tel Aviv, Israel.

September 12 – Israel sends tanks into Jericho, West Bank, starting a new military operation.

§North America

§Cuba

November 4 – Hurricane Michelle hits Cuba, destroying crops and thousands of homes.

§United States

January 1 – A black monolith measuring approximately 9 feet tall appears in Seattle, Washington's Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous artist in reference to the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.

January 22 – Four of the "Texas 7", a group of prisoners who escaped from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas on December 13, 2000, are caught at a convenience store in Woodland Park, Colorado, and a fifth kills himself inside a motor home.

January 24 – The last 2 of the "Texas 7" are taken into custody in Colorado Springs, Colorado

February 9 – The submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Japanese fishing vessel Ehime-Maru near Hawaii.

February 18 - Robert Philip Hanssen, former FBI agent, was arrested for spying for the Russian and Soviet intelligence services against the United States for 22 years from 1979 to 2001.

February 23 – Four students are killed and one critically injured by a University of California, Santa Barbara freshman.

February 28 – The Nisqually Earthquake strikes Seattle, Washington.

April 7 – Timothy Thomas, a 19-year-old African-American, is shot by a police officer in Cincinnati, sparking riots in downtown Cincinnati from April 10 to April 12.

April 21 – The small Kansas town of Hoisington is hit by a F-4 tornado destroying 1/3 of the city and killing 1.

June 5–9 – Tropical Storm Allison produces 36 inches (900 mm) of rain in Houston, Texas, killing 22, damaging the Texas Medical Center, and causing more than 5 billion American dollars of damage overall.

June 11 – In Terre Haute, Indiana, Timothy McVeigh is executed for the Oklahoma City bombing.

June 20 – Andrea Yates drowns her children in a bathtub and confesses to her crime. She is sentenced to life in prison.

July 2 – The world's first self-contained artificial heart, called AbioCor, is implanted in Robert Tools. The operation took place on July 2, 2001. He survived for 151 days without a living heart.

July 6 - Robert Hannsen pleaded guilty to 13 counts of espionage in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. He was then sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. July 18 – In Baltimore, Maryland, a 60-car train derailment occurs in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore.

September 11th nearly 3,000 people were killed in attacks against the World Trade Center in New York City, The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and in rural Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

The September 11 attacks were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by Al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings. Both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others. The hijackers crashed a third airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside of Washington, D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the plane, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington, D.C. There were no survivors from any of the flights.

In total 2,974 victims and the 19 hijackers died in the attacks. The overwhelming majority of casualties were civilians, including nationals of over 90 different countries. In addition, the death of at least one person from lung disease was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to dust from the World Trade Center's collapse.

The United States responded to the attacks by launching a "War on Terrorism"; invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, who had harbored al-Qaeda terrorists; and invading Iraq to dispose of Saddam Hussein and Iraq's supposed stock of weapons of mass destruction. However, with the exception of chemical weapon traces left over from the Iran-Iraq War, no such weapons have been found. The US also enacted the USA PATRIOT Act, while many other countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded law enforcement powers. Some American stock exchanges stayed closed for the rest of the week following the attack, and posted enormous losses upon reopening, especially in the airline and insurance industries. The destruction of billions of dollars worth of office space caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan.

On September 18th letters containing the bioweapon, anthrax, were mailed from Princeton, New Jersey to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, the New York Post, and the National Enquirer.

October 9 – The 2001 anthrax attacks continue as contaminated letters are mailed from Princeton, New Jersey, to U.S. Senators Tom Daschle of South Dakota and Patrick Leahy of Vermont.

November 12 – In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, headed to the Dominican Republic, crashes in Queens minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board.

November 13 – Symbionese Liberation Army member Kathleen Soliah (Sara Jane Olsen) withdraws her previous guilty plea.

November 13 – In the first such act since World War II, U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States.

December 3 – Officials announce that one of the Taliban prisoners captured after the prison uprising at Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh, an American citizen.

The U.S. government indicted Zacarias Moussaoui, on December 11th for his involvement in the September 11th attacks. The United States announced its withdrawal from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty on December 13th.

A Paris-Miami, Florida flight was diverted to Boston, Massachusetts when passenger Richard Reid attempted to set his shoe, filled with explosives, on fire. This began the airport practice of removing your shoes for inspection and x-ray.

Richard Reid, according to the FBI using the aliases Tariq Raja (طارق راجا) and Abdel Rahim (عبدالرحیم), was arrested on 22 December 2001 for attempting to destroy a Boeing 767 on American Airlines Flight 63, a flight from Paris, Charles De Gaulle International Airport to Miami International Airport, USA, by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes.

Passengers on flight 63 complained of a smoke smell in the cabin shortly after a meal service. One flight attendant, Hermis Moutardier, walked the aisles of the plane, trying to assess the source. She found Reid, who was sitting alone near a window and attempting to light a match. Moutardier warned him that smoking was not allowed on the airplane; Reid promised to stop. A few minutes later, Moutardier found Reid leaned over in his seat; her attempts to get his attention failed. After asking "What are you doing?" Reid grabbed at her, revealing one shoe in his lap, a fuse which led into the shoe, and a lit match. She tried grabbing Reid twice, but he pushed her to the floor each time, and she screamed for help. When another flight attendant, Cristina Jones, arrived to try to subdue him, he fought her and bit her thumb. The 6 foot 4 inch (193 cm) Reid was eventually subdued by other passengers on the airliner, using plastic handcuffs, seatbelt extensions, and headphone cords. A doctor administered valium found in the flight kit of the aircraft. The flight was diverted to Boston's Logan International Airport. Authorities later found PETN with a triacetone triperoxide (TATP) detonator hidden in the lining of his shoes.

§U.S. Industry

In the middle of January Wikipedia went online. T

March 5 – Microsoft released Office XP to manufacturing.

September 6 – United States v. Microsoft: The United States Justice Department announces that it no longer seeks to break up software maker Microsoft, and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.

October 23 – Apple Inc reveals the very first iPod.

On December 2nd the energy company, Enron, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection 5 days after Dynegy canceled a US$8.4 billion buyout bid. At the time this was the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history.

§U.S. Law

January 15 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was sworn into office, pledging that "God's law will be publicly acknowledged in our court."

February 24 - The Supreme Court let stand a ruling from the 7th Circuit Court which barred Indiana Governor Frank O'Bannon from placing a Ten Commandments marker in front of the Indiana State Capitol.

May 29 - Decided: Elkhart vs. Brooks

The Supreme Court let stand a 7th Circuit Court ruling which found that a Fraternal Order of Eagles Ten Commandments monument at an Indian city hall was unconstitutional.

June 7 – The Bush tax cuts are signed into law by U.S. president George W. Bush.

June 28 - Decided: Williams v. Lara

The Texas Supreme Court decided that an "all fundamentalist" prison section was unconstitutional, even though the prisoners volunteered to be there where other religious beliefs were excluded.

July 16 – The FBI arrests Dmitry Sklyarov at a convention in Las Vegas, Nevada, for violating a provision of the DMCA.

July 27 - Decided: O'Bannon v. Indiana Civil Liberties Union

The Supreme Court refused to hear a case about a large monument in Indiana which would have included the Ten Commandments. What was the original 7th Circuit Court decision, and why did they reach that conclusion? What does this mean for future cases?

July 31 - Judge Roy Moore unveiled a four-foot-tall, 5,000+ pound granite display of the Ten Commandments which was installed in the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building.

On October 26th the controversial USA Patriot Act became law. In the first such act since World War II, Bush signed an executive order on November 13th allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States.

October 30 - Lawsuits were filed on behalf of three lawyers who sought the removal of Roy Moore's Ten Commandments monument from the Alabama Judicial Building. The suit claimed that the monument "constitutes an impermissible endorsement of religion by the state."

§U.S. Politics

January 16 – US President Bill Clinton awards former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service during the Spanish-American War; 11 of Roosevelt's descendants accept on his behalf.

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) sworn in as the 43rd President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001 and re-elected in the 2004 U.S. presidential election.

The Bush family has a significant history in the Republican Party and U.S. politics. Bush is the eldest son of the 41st U.S. President, George H. W. Bush, grandson to Prescott Bush, the former U.S. Senator from Connecticut, and older brother to Jeb Bush, former Governor of Florida. George W. Bush became the 46th Governor of Texas in January 1995, resigning in December 2000, after being elected president.

Bush was first elected in 2000, becoming the fourth president in U.S. history to be elected without a plurality of the popular vote after the 1824, 1876 and 1888 elections. The 2000 election was one of the closest and the most controversial of presidential elections, not being decided until after a month of ballot recounts and court challenges in Florida ended with the United States Supreme Court reversing a Florida Supreme Court ruling and stopping the recounting of ballots. Florida then certified Bush the winner in that State by a margin of 537 votes out of 6 million cast, thus giving him one Electoral College vote more than the 270 necessary for election. Running as a self-described war president in the midst of the Iraq war, Bush won re-election in 2004 after an intense and heated general election campaign against Senator John Kerry in which President Bush's prosecution of the War on Terror and the Iraq war became central issues.[citation needed]

Eight months into Bush's presidency in 2001, nineteen hijackers sponsored by al Qaeda carried out the September 11, 2001 attacks. President Bush responded by declaring a global War on Terrorism, which would become one of the central issues of his presidency. In early October 2001 he ordered the invasion of Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban and attempt to destroy al-Qaeda. In March 2003, Bush ordered the invasion of Iraq, asserting that Iraq was in violation of UN Resolution 1441 regarding weapons of mass destruction and had to be disarmed by force in order (1) to adequately protect the United States from what he asserted was "a continuing threat from Iraq", and (2) to take the "necessary actions against international terrorists and terrorist organizations, including those nations, organizations, or persons who planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001." Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's Iraq regime, Bush committed the U.S. to establishing democracy in the Middle East, starting with Afghanistan and Iraq.

President Bush's declaration and prosecution of the War on Terror as he defined it would become the most enduringly controversial aspect of his presidency, including issues surrounding the Iraq War, the Guantánamo Bay and Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandals, and related domestic controversies such as NSA warrantless surveillance activities and the Plame affair. After his re-election in 2004 in particular, Bush received increasingly heated criticism, even from former allies, on those issues as well as other domestic issues such as his first ever use of the veto power to veto federal funding of stem cell research, and the federal government's response to Hurricane Katrina. According to polls of job approval rating, his popularity reached record heights after the September 11, 2001 attacks, but later significantly declined, due to his perceived poor handling of the Iraq War. It was one of the major reasons for what Bush called the "thumpin'" of the Republican Party in November 2006 mid-term elections.

In February, FBI agent Robert Hanssen was arrested and charged with spying for Russia for 15 years. On June 5th, U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords left the Republican party, an act which changed control of the United States Senate from the Republican party to the Democratic party. The White House briefing, "Bin Laden Determined to Strike in U.S.", was delivered on August 6th to President George W. Bush. This document foreshadowed the September 11th attacks against the World Trade Towers in New York City. Three days later Bush announced his support for federal funding of limited research on embryonic stem cells.

June 5 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican party, an act which changes control of the United States Senate from the Republican party to the Democratic party.

August 9 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces his limited support for federal funding of research on embryonic stem cells.

On September 10th U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld held a press conference to disclose that, "According to some estimates we cannot track $2.3 trillion in transactions."

Tom Ridge resigned as Governor of Pennsylvania on October 5th to become the first director of the newly created United States Office of Homeland Security. Two days later, the United States, with the assistance of the United Kingdom, invaded Afghanistan in response to the September 11th terror attacks. It was believed that the government of Afghanistan was harboring terrorists, in particular, Osama Bin Laden, who claimed responsibility for the attacks. Anthrax attacks continued when letters were again mailed from Princeton, this time to Senators Tom Daschle of South Dakota and Patrick Leahy of Vermont.

December 13 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the United States' withdrawal from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

President Bush presented a list of 22 most wanted terrorists that were later featured on an episode of the television program, "America's Most Wanted".

§U.S. Religion

April 30 – Blanche Barton, High Priestess of the Church of Satan, steps down and gives her position to Peter H. Gilmore and Peggy Nadramia.

August 1 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a 2½ ton monument of the Ten Commandments installed in the Rotunda of the Judiciary Building. He is later sued to have it removed, and eventually removed from office.

September 9 - Jerry Falwell stated: "Since the Antichrist will not be revealed before Jesus comes, I believe conditions are falling in place, i.e., one-world government, so he can rule the world after Jesus comes. But we're moving toward a one-world government through the United Nations, through the world court and a growing world opinion. The problem is that the one-world opinion is taking the side of the Palestinians, not the side of Israel."

September 13 - During an exchange with Pat Robertson on the 700 Club, Jerry Falwell explained what he thought caused the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center: "The ACLU's got to take a lot of blame for this. ... And I know that I'll hear from them for this. But, throwing God out successfully with the help of the federal court system, throwing God out of the public square, out of the schools. The abortionists have got to bear some burden for this because God will not be mocked. And when we destroy 40 million little innocent babies, we make God mad. I really believe that the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays and the lesbians who are actively trying to make that an alternative lifestyle, the ACLU, People For the American Way - all of them who have tried to secularize America - I point the finger in their face and say: "You helped this happen."" Pat Robertson agreed with these remarks, but later backed away from them.

§Russia

July 3 – A Vladivostokavia Tupolev Tu-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia, killing 145.

July 16 – The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation sign the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation.

§Scandinavia

§Finland

August 24 – The Heino murders in Finland: 4 teenagers assassinate businessman Martti Heino and his wife Elise.

§Norway

September 10 – Norwegian parliamentary election, 2001: Kjell Magne Bondevik returns to power as head of a conservative coalition.

§South America

§Bolivia

August 6 - Bolivian President Resigns - Suffering from lung and liver cancer, Hugo Banzer resigns and hands over the Bolivian presidency to 41-year-old Vice President Jorge Quiroga, a Cochabamba native and former IBM executive. Quiroga is sworn in on August 7 to serve out the last year of Banzer's five-year presidential term until August 2002. Under the provisions of the constitution, Quiroga is barred from seeking re-election.

November - Aguas del Tunari Seeks Restitution from Bolivian Government - Aguas del Tunari applies to the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), an arbitration body created by the World Bank. Aguas del Tunari alleges that the Bolivian government violated a bilateral trade agreement with the Netherlands (where International Water Ltd. is incorporated) when it revoked the consortium's Cochabamba water contract.

November 27 - Oscar Olivera Arrested in Cochabamba - Oscar Olivera is arrested in Cochabamba by Bolivian authorities on charges of "sedition, conspiracy, instigating public disorder and criminal association." Warrants based on similar charges are issued for two other members of The Coalition in Defense of Water and Life. Olivera is released the same day but must report to a police station every 72 hours.

November 30 - Charges Against Olivera Dropped - After hundreds of letters arrive protesting the arrest of Oscar Olivera, a government official issues verbal assurances that the charges against Olivera and his two colleagues will be dropped. Olivera is no longer required to report his whereabouts to authorities every 72 hours.

December 18 - Bechtel Defends Role in Bolivia - Jim Shultz writes to Bechtel CEO, Riley Bechtel, asking him to forego pursuing legal action against Bolivia through the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Bechtel spokesperson Gail Apps responds by stating that "it is important to understand the difference between water rates (the unit rate paid for water) and water bills, which depend on the amount of water actually used. For the poorest people in Cochabamba rates went up little, barely 10 percent. ..." Apps further suggests that the political instability in Bolivia, rather than people's ire at water-rate hikes, was responsible for the "civil unrest." She also emphasizes that Bechtel's request for dispute mediation by ICSID does not constitute a lawsuit.

§Peru

June 23 – An earthquake (7.9 on the Richter scale) hits the south of Peru.

On July 28th, Alejandro Toledo was sworn in as the new president of Peru, 8 months after a vote of no-confidence in former President Alberto Fujimori.

September 5 – Peru's attorney general files homicide charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori.

§South Pacific

§Australia

November 10 – Australian Prime Minister John Howard is elected to a third term.

§Indonesia

January 29 – Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.

§Philippines

January 17 – Impeachment proceedings against Philippine President Joseph Estrada, accused of committing plunder, end prematurely and trigger the second EDSA People Power Revolution or People Power II.

January 20 – Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is sworn in as the 14th President of the Philippines after the Armed Forces of the Philippines and several cabinet members withdraw support for Joseph Estrada.

§South Pacific Islands

The Russian space station Mir re-entered Earth's atmosphere on March 23rd near Nadi, Fiji, and fell into the Pacific Ocean.

§Space

On February 14, 2001, the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft became first vehicle to land on an asteroid (433 Eros).

May 6 – Space tourist Dennis Tito returns to Earth aboard Soyuz TM-31. (Soyuz TM-32 is left docked at the International Space Station as a new lifeboat.)

May 22 – A large trans-Neptunian object (28978 Ixion) is found during the Deep Ecliptic Survey.

§Deaths

  • NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt was killed instantly on February 18th when his race car crashed on the last lap of the Daytona 500.
  • Comedy sci-fi author Douglas Adams, of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy fame, died May 11th from a heart attack, at aged 49.
  • Timothy McVeigh is executed for the Oklahoma City Bombing on June 11th in Terre Haute, Indiana
  • R&B singer Aaliyah was killed on August 25th when the Cessna 402 aircraft crashed in the Bahamas killing all aboard.

§Sources

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