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<< 1966 CE | 1961-1970 CE | 1968 CE >>

§Of World Interest

January 27 – The United States, Soviet Union and United Kingdom sign the Outer Space Treaty.

March 29 – The SEACOM telephone cable is inaugurated.

May 19 – The Soviet Union ratifies a treaty with the United States and the United Kingdom, banning nuclear weapons from outer space.



June 30 – Moise Tshombe, former prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is kidnapped to Algeria.


May 30 – Biafra, in eastern Nigeria, announces its independence.

July 6 – Biafran War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, following the latter's secession May 30.


March 13 – Moise Tshombe, ex-prime minister of Congo, is sentenced to death in absentia.

July 3 – A military rebellion led by Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme begins in Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

July 5 – Troops of Belgian mercenary commander Jean Schramme revolt against Mobutu Sese Seko, and try to take control of Stanleyville, Congo.

August 10 – Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme's troops take the Congolese border town of Bukavu.

August 21 – A truce is declared in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


January 15 – Louis Leakey announces the discovery of pre-human fossils in Kenya; he names the species Kenyapitchecus africanus.


November 6 – The Rhodesian parliament passes pro-Apartheid laws.


September 24 - Dian Fossey founded the Karisoke Research Center, a remote rainforest camp nestled in Ruhengeri province in the saddle of two volcanoes. For the research center's name, Fossey used “Kari” for the first four letters of Mt. Karisimbi that overlooked her camp from the south, and “soke” for the last four letters of Mt. Visoke, the slopes of which rose to the north, directly behind camp. Established 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) up Mount Visoke, the defined study area covered 25 square kilometres (9.7 sq mi). She became known by locals as Nyirmachabelli, roughly translated as "The woman who lives alone on the mountain."

November 4–5 – Mercenaries of Jean Schramme and Jerry Puren withdraw from Bukavu, over the Shangugu Bridge, to Rwanda.

§Sierra Leone

March 21 – A military coup takes place in Sierra Leone.


January 13 – A military coup occurs in Togo under the leadership of Etienne Eyadema.



February 7 – The Chinese government announces that it can no longer guarantee the safety of Soviet diplomats outside the Soviet Embassy building.

February 18 – China sends 3 People's Liberation Army divisions to Tibet.

February 25 – The Chinese government announces that it has ordered the army to help in the spring seeding.

March 1 – The Red Guards return to schools in China.

June 17 – The People's Republic of China announces a successful hydrogen bomb test.

August 21 – The People's Republic of China announces that it has shot down United States planes violating its airspace.

§Hong Kong

May 6 – Hong Kong 1967 riots: Clashes between striking workers and police kill 51 and injure 800.

§Central America


February 5 – General Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua.

April 23 – A group of young radicals are expelled from the Nicaraguan Socialist Party (PSN). This group goes on to found the Socialist Workers Party (POS).



May 22 – The Innovation department store in the centre of Brussels, Belgium burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history, resulting in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.

July 29 – Georges Bidault moves to Belgium where he receives political asylum.


January 5 – Spain and Romania sign in Paris an agreement establishing full consular and commercial relations (not diplomatic ones).

April 6 – Georges Pompidou begins to form the next French government.

December 11 – The Concorde is unveiled in Toulouse, France.


January 1 - Kommune I founded in West Berlin. The first commune to come out of the student movement, it represented the anarchist tendancy.

January 23 – In Munich, the trial begins of Wilhelm Harster, accused of the murder of 82,856 Jews (including Anne Frank) when he led German security police during the German occupation of the Netherlands. He is eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

March 14 – Nine executives of the German pharmaceutical company Grunenthal are charged for breaking German drug laws because of thalidomide.

April 6 - Pudding attack on US Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, in West Berlin.

May 12 - Kommune expelled from the "Social Democratic Students" (SDS).

June 2 – Protests in West Berlin against the arrival of the Shah of Iran turn into fights, during which young Benno Ohnesorg is killed by a police officer. His death results in the founding of the terrorist group Movement 2 June.

August 19 – West Germany receives 36 East German prisoners it has "purchased" through the border posts of Herleshausen and Wartha.

September 1 – Ilse Koch, also known as the "Witch of Buchenwald", commits suicide in the Bavarian prison of Aichach.


March 16 – In the Aspida case in Greece, 15 officers are sentenced to 2-18 years in prison, accused of treason and intentions of staging a coup.

April 21 – Greece is taken over by a military dictatorship led by George Papadopoulos; ex-Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou political prisoner to December 25.

May 10 – The Greek military government accuses Andreas Papandreou of treason.

July 12 – The Greek military regime strips 480 Greeks of their citizenship.

December 13 – King Constantine II of Greece flees the country when his coup attempt fails.


February 27 – The Dutch government supports British EEC membership.


December 9 – Nicolae Ceauşescu becomes the Chairman of the Romanian State Council, making him the de-facto leader of Romania.


September 2 – Paddy Roy Bates occupies Roughs Tower and establishes the Principality of Sealand.

The Principality of Sealand is a micronation located on HM Fort Roughs, a former World War II Maunsell Sea Fort in the North Sea 10 km (six miles) off the coast of Suffolk, England.

Since 1967, the facility has been occupied by former radio broadcaster British Army Major Paddy Roy Bates; his associates and family claim that it is an independent sovereign state. External commentators generally classify Sealand as a micronation.[2] It has been described as the world's best-known micronation.[3] Sealand is not currently officially recognized as a sovereign state by any United Nations member

§United Kingdom

January 5 – Charlie Chaplin opens his last film, A Countess From Hong Kong, in England.

January 15 – The United Kingdom enters the first round of negotiations for European Economic Community membership in Rome.

January 18 – Jeremy Thorpe becomes leader of the UK's Liberal Party.

January 26 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom decides to nationalize 90% of the British steel industry.

February 6 – Aleksei Kosygin arrives in the UK for an 8-day visit. He meets the Queen on February 9.

April 13 – Conservatives win the Greater London Council elections.

May 2 – Harold Wilson announces that the United Kingdom has decided to apply for EEC membership.

May 11 – The United Kingdom and Ireland apply officially for European Economic Community membership.

July 4 – The British Parliament decriminalizes homosexuality.

July 18 – The United Kingdom announces the closing of its military bases in Malaysia and Singapore. Australia and the U.S. disapprove.

September 2 - Paddy Roy Bates, a British pirate radio broadcaster founds the Principality of Sealand, styling himself Prince Roy. He occupied a marine defense platform called Roughs Tower and deemed it the Principality of Sealand.


Sister Maria began stealing babies from the Santa Cristina Maternity Hospital in an adoption scandal that lasted until 1983. The nun dealt with about 3,000 adoptions per year.

Her name was first linked to the theft of babies in 1982, when investigative magazine Interviú uncovered several cases at another clinic in Madrid where Sister Maria used to work. Authorities closed the clinic down, but no one was prosecuted then.

§U.K. Entertainment

June 1 – The Beatles release Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, nicknamed "The Soundtrack of the Summer of Love"; it would be number one on the albums charts throughout the summer of 1967.

August 5 – Pink Floyd releases their debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn in the United Kingdom.

September 30 – BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 3 and BBC Radio 4 are all launched.

November 8 – The BBC's very first local radio station (BBC Radio Leicester) is launched.


March 28 – Pope Paul VI issues the encyclical Populorum Progressio on the right to a just wage; the right to security of employment; the right to fair and reasonable working conditions; the right to join a union and strike as a last resort; and the universal destination of resources and goods.

June 26 – Pope Paul VI ordains 276 new cardinals (one of them Karol Wojtyła)


May 6 – Dr. Zakir Hussain is the first Muslim to become president of India.

May 27 – Naxalite Guerrilla War: Beginning with a peasant uprising in the town of Naxalbari, this Marxist/Maoist rebellion sputters on in the Indian countryside. The guerrillas operate among the impoverished peasants, fighting both the government security forces and private paramilitary groups funded by wealthy landowners. Most fighting takes place in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.

August 18 – The State of Tamil Nadu, India is established.

§Middle East


April 2 – A United Nations delegation arrives in Aden due to approaching independence. They leave April 7, accusing British authorities of lack of cooperation. The British say the delegation did not contact them.


May 17 – President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt demands withdrawal of the peacekeeping UN Emergency Force in the Sinai. U.N. Secretary-General U Thant complies (May 18).

May 23 – Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, blockading Israel's southern port of Eilat.


April 7 – Six Day War (approach): Israeli fighters shoot down 7 Syrian MIG-21s.

June 5 - Israel launched a preemptive attack on Egypt and other Arab nations. During the six-day conflict, which came to be known as the Six Day War, Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank of the Jordan River.

Moshe Dayan becomes Israel's Secretary of Defense.

June 5 – Six-Day War: Israel occupies the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai peninsula and Golan Heights after defeating its Arab neighbors.

June 8 – Six-Day War – USS Liberty incident: Israeli fighter jets and Israeli warships fire at the USS Liberty off Gaza, killing 34 and wounding 171.

June 10 – Israel and Syria agree to a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.

June 28 – Israel declares the annexation of East Jerusalem.

August 1 – Israel annexes East Jerusalem.

August 7 – A general strike in the old quarter of Jerusalem protests Israel's unification of the city.


May 17 – Syria mobilizes against Israel.

§North America


January 1 – Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867, featuring the Expo 67 World's Fair.

April 27 – Montreal, Quebec, Expo 67, a World's Fair to coincide with the Canadian Confederation centennial, officially opens with Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson igniting the Expo Flame in the Place des Nations.

July 24 – During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (Long live free Quebec!). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delights many Quebecers but angers the Canadian government and many English Canadians.

October 14 – Quebec Nationalism: René Lévesque leaves the Liberal Party.


April 29 – Fidel Castro announces that all intellectual property belongs to all people and that Cuba intends to translate and publish technical literature without compensation.

October 15 Fidel Castro publicly acknowledged that Guevara was dead and proclaimed three days of public mourning throughout Cuba.[207] On October 18 Castro addressed a crowd of one million mourners in Havana's Plaza de la Revolución and spoke about Guevara's character as a revolutionary.[208] Fidel Castro closed his impassioned eulogy thusly:

"If we wish to express what we want the men of future generations to be, we must say: Let them be like Che! If we wish to say how we want our children to be educated, we must say without hesitation: We want them to be educated in Che’s spirit! If we want the model of a man, who does not belong to our times but to the future, I say from the depths of my heart that such a model, without a single stain on his conduct, without a single stain on his action, is Che!"


February 22 – Donald Sangster becomes the new Prime Minister of Jamaica, succeeding Alexander Bustamante.


May 18 – In Mexico, schoolteacher Lucio Cabañas begins guerrilla warfare in Atoyac de Alvarez, west of Acapulco, in the state of Guerrero.

§Trinidad and Tobago

February 23 – Trinidad and Tobago is the first Commonwealth nation to join the Organization of American States.

§United States

January 12 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with the intent of future resuscitation.

January 14 – The New York Times reports that the U.S. Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.

January 14 – The Human Be-In takes place in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco; the event sets the stage for the Summer of Love.

January 18 – Albert DeSalvo (The Boston Strangler) is convicted of numerous crimes and sentenced to life in prison.

January 27 – Apollo 1: U.S. astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White, and Roger Chaffee are killed when fire breaks out in their Apollo spacecraft during a launch pad test.

February 18 – New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison claims he will solve the John F. Kennedy assassination, and that a conspiracy was planned in New Orleans.

March 7 – Jimmy Hoffa begins his 8-year sentence for attempting to bribe a jury.

March 9 – Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the USA via the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.

March 14 – The body of U.S. President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.

March 26 – 10,000 gather for the Central Park Be-In.

April 4 – Martin Luther King, Jr. denounces the Vietnam War during a religious service in New York City.

April 14 – In San Francisco, 10,000 march against the Vietnam War.

April 15 – Large demonstrations are held against the Vietnam War in New York City and San Francisco.

April 28 – In Houston, Texas, boxer Muhammad Ali refuses military service.

April 28 – Expo 67 opens to the public, with over 310,000 people attending. Al Carter from Chicago is the first visitor as noted by Expo officials.

May 6 – Four hundred students seize the administration building at Cheyney University of Pennsylvania.

May 18 – NASA announces the crew for the Apollo 7 space mission (first manned Apollo flight): Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Donn F. Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham.

Summer of Love As many as 100,000 people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. While hippies also gathered in New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Seattle, Portland, Washington, D.C., Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, and across Europe, San Francisco was the center of the hippie revolution, a melting pot of music, psychoactive drugs, sexual freedom, creative expression, and politics. The Summer of Love became a defining moment of the 1960s, as the hippie counterculture movement came into public awareness. This unprecedented gathering of young people is often considered to have been a social experiment, because of alternative lifestyles that became common, both during the summer itself and during subsequent years. These lifestyles included communal living; the free and communal sharing of resources, often among total strangers; and free love.

Ironically, the summer of 1967 also saw some of the worst violence in US cities in the country's history - because of the race riots/insurrections that occurred in places such as Detroit and Newark. This aspect of the summer of 1967 is often called The Long, Hot Summer. The cause of this violence is generally attributed to racial discrimination against African-Americans and the frustration and anger it inspired in Blacks.

June 2 – Luis Monge is executed in Colorado's gas chamber, in the last pre-Furman execution in the United States.

June 5 – Murderer Richard Speck is sentenced to death in the electric chair for killing eight student nurses in Chicago.

June 11 – A race riot occurs in Tampa, Florida.

June 27 – A race riot in Buffalo, New York leads to 200 arrests.

July 13 – The Newark, New Jersey race riots occur.

July 15 – The Detroit race riots occur.

July 16 – A prison riot in Jay, Florida leaves 37 dead.

July 21 – The town of Winneconne, Wisconsin, announces secession from the United States because it is not included in the official maps and declares war. Secession is repealed the next day.

July 23rd to 28th - 12th Street Riot: In Detroit, Michigan, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city: 43 are killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burned.

August 1 – Race riots in the United States spread to Washington, D.C..

August 25 – American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell is assassinated in Arlington, Virginia.

October 3 – An X-15 research aircraft with test pilot William J. Knight establishes an unofficial world fixed-wing speed record of Mach 6.7.

October 16 – Thirty-nine people, including singer-activist Joan Baez, are arrested in Oakland, California, for blocking the entrance of that city's military induction center.

October 21 – Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters march in Washington, D.C.. Allen Ginsberg symbolically chants to 'levitate' The Pentagon.

December 5 – In New York City, Benjamin Spock and Allen Ginsberg are arrested for protesting against the Vietnam War.

§U.S. Entertainment

January 4 – The Doors' self-titled debut album is released.

February 14 – Respect is recorded by Aretha Franklin (to be released in April).

March 29 – A 13-day TV strike begins in the U.S.

April 10 – The 39th Academy Awards ceremony is held.

April 12 – The Ahmanson Theatre opens in Los Angeles.

May 22 – The Monkees release Headquarters, which is #1 on the album charts for one week, until the release of Sgt. Pepper by the Beatles.

August 23 – Jimi Hendrix's debut album Are You Experienced? is released in the United States.

September 17 – Jim Morrison and The Doors defy CBS censors on The Ed Sullivan Show, when Morrison sings the word "higher" from their #1 hit Light My Fire, despite having been asked not to.

September 18 – Love Is a Many Splendored Thing debuts on U.S. daytime television and is the first soap opera to deal with an interracial relationship. CBS censors find it too controversial and ask for it to be stopped, causing show creator Irna Phillips to quit.

October 17 – The musical Hair opens off-Broadway. It moves to Broadway the following April.

October 18 – Walt Disney's 19th full-length animated feature The Jungle Book, the last animated film personally supervised by Disney, is released and becomes an enormous box-office and critical success. On a double bill with the film is the (now) much less well-known true-life adventure, Charlie the Lonesome Cougar.

November 7 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

§U.S. Health

A two-part review, funded by the Sugar Research Foundation, stated that the only change necessary to prevent heart disease was to reduce dietary fat intake, was published in the NEJM with no mention of the SRF funding.

§U.S. Industry

April 9 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) takes its maiden flight.

§U.S. Law

February 10 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution (presidential succession) is ratified. February 23 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is enacted.

May 18 – Tennessee Governor Ellington repeals the "Monkey Law"

May 25 – The 25th Amendment is added to the Constitution.

June 12 – Loving v. Virginia: The United States Supreme Court declares all U.S. state laws prohibiting interracial marriage to be unconstitutional

June 13 – Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall is nominated as the first African American justice of the United States Supreme Court.

August 30 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

October 2 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first black justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

§U.S. Politics

January 10 – Segregationist Lester Maddox is sworn in as Governor of Georgia.

March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signs the Consular Treaty.

June 23 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey, for the 3-day Glassboro Summit Conference. Johnson travels to Los Angeles for a dinner at the Century Plaza Hotel where earlier in the day thousands of war protesters clashed with L.A. police.

October 12 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives are futile, because of North Vietnam's opposition.

November 2 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson holds a secret meeting with a group of the nation's most prestigious leaders ("the Wise Men") and asks them to suggest ways to unite the American people behind the war effort. They conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.

November 7 – Carl B. Stokes is elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major United States city.

November 29 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation, to become president of the World Bank. This action is due to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's outright rejection of McNamara's early November recommendations to freeze troop levels, stop bombing North Vietnam and hand over ground fighting to South Vietnam.

§U.S. Religion

Jerry Falwell created a racially segregated "Christian" school in order to avoid public school desegregation. As a result, Falwell was denounced by other local religious leaders.


§Soviet Union

February 4 – The Soviet Union protests the demonstrations before its embassy in Peking.

February 15 – The Soviet Union announces that it has sent troops near the Chinese border.

February 24 – Moscow forbids its satellite states to form diplomatic relations with West Germany.

February 26 – A Soviet nuclear test is conducted at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Eastern Kazakhstan.

April 24 – Soyuz 1: Vladimir Komarov becomes the first Soviet cosmonaut to die, when the parachute of his space capsule fails during re-entry.

May 19 – Yuri Andropov becomes KGB chief.

June 10 – The Soviet Union severs diplomatic relations with Israel.

§South America


Che Guevara's guerrilla force, numbering about 50 and operating as the ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional de Bolivia; "National Liberation Army of Bolivia"), was well equipped and scored a number of early successes against Bolivian army regulars in the difficult terrain of the mountainous Camiri region. As a result of Guevara’s units' winning several skirmishes against Bolivian troops in the spring and summer of 1967, the Bolivian government began to overestimate the true size of the guerrilla force. But in September the Army managed to eliminate two guerrilla groups in a violent battle, reportedly killing one of the leaders.

October 7 - An informant apprised the Bolivian Special Forces of the location of Guevara's guerrilla encampment in the Yuro ravine.

October 8 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia. Special Forces encircled the area with 1,800 soldiers, and Guevara was wounded and taken prisoner while leading a detachment with Simeón Cuba Sarabia. Che biographer Jon Lee Anderson reports Bolivian Sergeant Bernardino Huanca's account: that a twice-wounded Guevara, his gun rendered useless, shouted, "Do not shoot! I am Che Guevara and I am worth more to you alive than dead."

Guevara was tied up and taken to a dilapidated mud schoolhouse in the nearby village of La Higuera on the night of October 8. For the next half day, Guevara refused to be interrogated by Bolivian officers and would only speak quietly to Bolivian soldiers. One of those Bolivian soldiers, helicopter pilot Jaime Nino de Guzman, describes Che as looking "dreadful". According to Guzman, Guevara was shot through the right calf, his hair was matted with dirt, his clothes were shredded, and his feet were covered in rough leather sheaths. Despite his haggard appearance, he recounts that "Che held his head high, looked everyone straight in the eyes and asked only for something to smoke." De Guzman states that he "took pity" and gave him a small bag of tobacco for his pipe, and that Guevara then smiled and thanked him. Later on the night of October 8, Guevara, despite having his hands tied, kicked Bolivian Officer Espinosa into the wall after the officer entered the schoolhouse and tried to snatch Guevara's pipe from his mouth as a souvenir while he was still smoking it. In another instance of defiance, Guevara spit in the face of Bolivian Rear Admiral Ugarteche who attempted to question Guevara a few hours before his execution.

October 9 – Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed. In the morning, Guevara asked to see the maestra (school teacher) of the village, 22-year-old Julia Cortez. Cortez would later state that she found Guevara to be an "agreeable looking man with a soft and ironic glance" and that during their conversation she found herself "unable to look him in the eye" because his "gaze was unbearable, piercing, and so tranquil". During their short conversation, Guevara pointed out to Cortez the poor condition of the schoolhouse, stating that it was "anti-pedagogical" to expect campesino students to be educated there, while "government officials drive Mercedes cars", and declaring "that's what we are fighting against.

Bolivian President René Barrientos ordered that Guevara be killed. The order was relayed by Félix Rodríguez despite the U.S. government’s desire that Guevara be taken to Panama for further interrogation. The executioner was Mario Terán, a half-drunken sergeant in the Bolivian army who had requested to shoot Che on the basis of the fact that three of his friends from B Company, all named "Mario", had been killed in an earlier firefight with Guevara's band of guerrillas. To make the bullet wounds appear consistent with the story the government planned to release to the public, Félix Rodríguez ordered Terán to aim carefully to make it appear that Guevara had been killed in action during a clash with the Bolivian army. Gary Prado, the Bolivian captain in command of the army company that captured Guevara, said that the reasons Barrientos ordered the immediate execution of Guevara is so there would be no possibility that Guevara would escape from prison, and also so there would be no drama in regard to a public trial.

A few minutes before Guevara was executed, he was asked by a Bolivian soldier if he was thinking about his own immortality. "No," he replied, "I'm thinking about the immortality of the revolution." When Sergeant Terán entered the hut, Che Guevara then told his executioner, "I know you've come to kill me. Shoot me you coward! You are only going to kill a man!" Terán hesitated, then opened fire with his semiautomatic rifle, hitting Guevara in the arms and legs. Guevara writhed on the ground, apparently biting one of his wrists to avoid crying out. Terán then fired several times again, wounding him fatally in the chest at 1:10 pm according to Rodríguez. In all, Guevara was shot nine times. This included five times in his legs, once in the right shoulder and arm, once in the chest, and finally in the throat.


March 1 – Brazilian police arrest Franc Paul Stangli, ex-commander of Treblinka and Sobibór concentration camps.March 1 – Brazilian police arrest Franc Paul Stangli, ex-commander of Treblinka and Sobibór concentration camps.

March 18 - Mudslides killed 430 people in Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo state. A storm lasting only a few hours sent tons of dirt and vegetation from the mountainsides into the small town. This will be the worst natural disaster until 2011 when floods killed over 500 people.


July 29 – An earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela leaves 240 dead.

§Southeast Asia


October 4 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favor of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.


August 8 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded in Bangkok, Thailand.


January 6 – Vietnam War: USMC and ARVN troops launch Operation Deckhouse Five in the Mekong River Delta.

January 8 – Vietnam War: Operation Cedar Falls starts.

In early July 1967, Four Star General Nguyen Chi Thanh who had been the top-ranking North Vietnamese military commander in the South, died in a military hospital in Hanoi. He had presented plans for the Tet offensive to the North Vietnamese Politburo, but did not survive to see them put into action. He had been a strong opponent of the policy of meeting American military action head on, but with his death, the NVA military commanders decided to bring the war to a speedy and successful conclusion. General Võ Nguyên Giáp, known for the battles of Lang Son (1950), Hoa Binh (1951-1952), and Dien Bien Phu (1954), wanted to stage another master stroke, bringing America quickly to its knees. With General Thanh, there was no dissent in the North Vietnamese Politburo. Only five months after Thanh's death the Tet Offensive was launched in early 1968.

August 7 – Vietnam War: The People's Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.

August 9 – Vietnam War – Operation Cochise: United States Marines begin a new operation in the Que Son Valley.

September 3 – Nguyen Van Thieu is elected President of South Vietnam.

September 4 – Vietnam War – Operation Swift: The United States Marines launch a search and destroy mission in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces. The ensuing 4-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North Vietnamese.

November 3 – Vietnam War – Battle of Dak To: Around Dak To (located about 280 miles north of Saigon near the Cambodian border), heavy casualties are suffered on both sides (the Americans narrowly win the battle on November 22).

November 11 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 3 United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "New Left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.

December 4 – Vietnam War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta (235 of the 300-strong Viet Cong battalion are killed).

§South Pacific

§American Samoa

July 1 – American Samoa's first constitution becomes effective.


February 3 – Ronald Ryan becomes the last man hanged in Australia, for murdering a guard while escaping from prison in December 1965.

February 7 – Serious bushfires in southern Tasmania claim 62 lives, and destroys 2,642.7 square kilometres (653,025.4 acres) of land.

February 7 – Mazenod College, Victoria opens in Australia.

May 27 – The Australian referendum, 1967 passes with an overwhelming 90% support, removing, from the Australian Constitution, 2 discriminatory sentences referring to Indigenous Australians. It signifies Australia's first step in recognising Indigenous rights.

December 17 – Harold Holt, Australian prime minister, disappears when swimming at a beach 60 km from Melbourne.


February 22 – Suharto takes power from Sukarno in Indonesia

March 12 – The Indonesian State Assembly takes all presidential powers from Sukarno and names Suharto as acting president.


The Outer Space Treaty, governing the use of outer space and celestial bodies was opened for signature by the three depository Governments (the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) in January 1967, and it entered into force in October 1967. The Outer Space Treaty provides the basic framework on international space law, including the following principles:

  • the exploration and use of outer space shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries and shall be the province of all mankind;
  • outer space shall be free for exploration and use by all States;
  • outer space is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means;
  • States shall not place nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction in orbit or on celestial bodies or station them in outer space in any other manner;
  • the Moon and other celestial bodies shall be used exclusively for peaceful purposes;
  • astronauts shall be regarded as the envoys of mankind;
  • States shall be responsible for national space activities whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental activities;
  • States shall be liable for damage caused by their space objects; and
  • States shall avoid harmful contamination of space and celestial bodies.

February 5 – NASA launches Lunar Orbiter 3.

April 20 – The Surveyor 3 probe lands on the Moon.

May 4 – Lunar Orbiter 4 is launched by the United States.

June 12 – Venera program: Venera 4 is launched by the Soviet Union (the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data)

June 14 – Mariner program: Mariner 5 is launched toward Venus.

November 9 – Apollo program: NASA launches a Saturn V rocket carrying the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft from Cape Kennedy.


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