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<< 1929 CE | 1921-1930 CE | >>

§Of World Interest

The estimated population of the World is 2.07 billion people.

April 22 - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.

The last Giant Aye-aye dies, and the species becomes extinct.

Europeans are 38% of world population.



King Tafari raised an army and marched it from his governorate at Gondar towards Addis Ababa.

March 31 - Gugsa Welle was met by forces loyal to Negus Tafari and was defeated at the Battle of Anchem. Gugsa Welle was killed in action. News of Gugsa Welle's defeat and death had hardly spread through Addis Ababa when the Empress died suddenly on April 2. Although it was long rumored that the Empress was poisoned upon the defeat of her husband, or alternately that she died from shock upon hearing of the death of her estranged yet beloved husband, it has since been documented that the Empress succumbed to a flu-like fever and complications from diabetes.

November 2 - Tafari Makonnen (Haile Selassie) rose to emperor and was proclaimed Neguse Negest ze-'Ityopp'ya, "King of Kings of Ethiopia". He was crowned at Addis Ababa's Cathedral of St. George. The coronation was by all accounts "a most splendid affair", and it was attended by royals and dignitaries from all over the world. Among those in attendance were George V's son Prince Henry, Marshal Franchet d'Esperey of France, and the Prince of Udine representing Italy. Emissaries from the United States, Egypt, Turkey, Sweden, Belgium, and Japan were also present. British author Evelyn Waugh was also present, penning a contemporary report on the event, and American travel lecturer Burton Holmes shot the only known film footage of the event. One newspaper report suggested that the celebration may have incurred a cost in excess of $3,000,000. Many of those in attendance received lavish gifts; in one instance, the Christian emperor even sent a gold-encased Bible to an American bishop who had not attended the coronation, but who had dedicated a prayer to the emperor on the day of the coronation.

§Central America


April 4 - The Communist Party of Panama is founded.



May 17 - French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rhineland (they depart by June 30).


March 29 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

§Great Britain

April 18 - The BBC Radio Service from London, somewhat infamously, reports on this day that "There is no news".

§Middle East


May 6 - The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran (7.3 on the Richter Scale) kills 4,000 people.

§Near East


March 28 - Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.


January 26 - The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence).

March 12 - Mahatma Gandhi sets off on a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers to protest the British monopoly on salt; more will join them during the Salt March that ends on April 5.

April 5 - In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.

April 18 - The Chittagong Rebellion begins in India.

May 4/May 5 - Mahatma Gandhi is arrested again.

§North America

§Dominican Republic

May 16 - Rafael Leónidas Trujillo is elected president of the Dominican Republic.

§United States

January 6 - The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).

January 6 - The first literary character licensing agreement is signed by A. A. Milne, granting Stephen Slesinger U.S. and Canadian merchandising rights to the Winnie-the-Pooh works.

January 13 - The Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance.

January 31 - The 3M company markets Scotch Tape.

February 18 - Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane, and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.

March 6 - The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts.

March 31 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next 40 years.

April 6 - Hostess Twinkies are invented.

April 17 - Neoprene is invented.

April 21 - A fire in the Ohio Penitentiary near Columbus kills 320.

April 28 - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.

May 15 - Aboard a Boeing tri-motor, Ellen Church becomes the first airline stewardess (the flight was from Oakland, California to Chicago, Illinois).

May 20 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in New York City.

May 30 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in Hollywood to work for Paramount Pictures; they part ways by October.

May 30 - William "Red" Hill Sr. made his famous five hour journey down the Niagara lower rapids.

June 9 - Chicago Tribune journalist Jake Lingle is shot in Chicago, Illinois. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Lingle is later found to have had contacts with organized crime.

June 17 - U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.

July 7 - Work began on the construction of the Hoover Dam.

The Dust Bowl covered one hundred million acres in parts of Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas, and left thousands dead, diseased and destitute.

December 2 - Great Depression: U.S. President Herbert Hoover goes before Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.

December 7 - W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts broadcasts video from the CBS radio orchestra program, The Fox Trappers. The broadcast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.

§U.S. Industry

Liberty Coaster Company became Radio Steel & Manufacturing. The world was introduced to the first steel wagon, called the Radio Flyer. Since then, Radio Flyer has become perhaps the world's most famous maker of wagons, tricycles and other toys.

George Beauchamp invented the first electric guitar.


January 30 - The first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.

April 21 - The Turkestan-Siberia Railway is completed.



March 5 - Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe.

§South America


September 6 - José Félix Uriburu carries out a successful military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina.


Aside from the depression and the emergence of the Brazilian bourgeoisie, Brazil's historic dynamic of interregional politics was a significant factor encouraging the alliance that Getúlio Vargas forged between the new urban sectors and the landowners hostile to the government in states other than São Paulo during the Revolution of 1930.

Along with the urban bourgeois groups, Northeastern sugar barons were left with a legacy of longstanding grievances against the paulista coffee oligarchs of the South. Northeastern landowners bitterly opposed Washington Luís' 1930 discontinuance of the drought projects of his predecessor. These tensions, however, can be traced back far earlier. The decay of established sugar oligarchies of the Northeast began dramatically with the severe drought of 1877. The rapid growth of coffee-producing São Paulo state was the flip side of the same coin. After the abolition of slavery in the 1880s, Brazil saw a mass exodus of emancipated slaves and other peasants from the Northeast to the Southeast, thus ensuring a steady supply of cheap labor for the coffee planters.

Under the Old Republic, the politics of café com leite rested on the domination of the republic's politics by the Southeastern states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais, which were Brazil's largest states in terms of population and richest. The first presidents of the republic were from São Paulo and thereafter succeeded by an alternation between the outgoing governors of the two leading states in the presidency.

Given the grievances with ruling regime in the Northeast and Rio Grande do Sul, Liberal Alliance opposition leader Getúlio Vargas chose as his vice-presidential candidate in 1930 João Pessoa of the Northeast state of Paraíba. With the understanding that the dominance of the landowners in the rural areas was to be absolute under any Liberal Alliance government, the Northeastern oligarchies were thus integrated into the Vargas alliance in a subordinate status via a new political party, the Social Democratic Party (PSD).

However, behind the façade of Vargas' populism lies the intricate nature of his coalition—ever-changing from this point onward. Consequently, these locally dominant regional groups—effectively the gaúchos of Rio Grande do Sul and the sugar barons of the Northeast—themselves ushered the new urban groups into the forefront of Brazilian political life in a revolution from above, tilting the balance of the central government in favor of the Liberal Alliance.


August 27 - A military junta takes over in Peru.

§South Pacific


May 24 - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).

§Southeast Asia


Phu Rieng Do (Phú Riềng Đỏ) is the name of a famous labor movement at Phu Rieng Rubber Plantation in Vietnam in 1930. More than 30,000 laborers from Tonkin (Tongking) were recruited to develop those rubber plantations. Phú Riềng was the biggest rubber plantation of the Michelin company in Vietnam at that time. 5555 people died. On 03 February 1930, more than 5,000 rubber workers at the Phú Riềng Rubber Plantation, under the leadership of a communist named Trần Tử Bình, rebelled against the plantation’s owner to protest against the cruel and slave-like working conditions at the plantation. . The “rebellion” workers occupied the local administration and established an autonomic control for four days. They arrested the French plantation supervisor and forced him to agree to their requests to improve working conditions at the plantation. The workers started a demonstration against the colonial administration in the area.

Fearing the spread of the movement to neighboring areas, on 06 February 1930, the French colonial government sent 300 legionnaires, 500 local soldiers under the direct command of the Governor of Cocochina Krauheimer; Resident of Bien Hoa, Marty; his assistant, Vilmont; the head of Surete', Arnoux, up to Phú Riềng. The movement was soon repressed. The leader of the movement, Trần Tử Bình, was sentenced to five years of imprisonment on Côn Đảo island. The Phú Riềng Đỏ movement became the first labor movement in Vietnam directed by the Vietnamese Communists.


Pluto was discovered on February 18th by U.S. astronomer Clyde Tombaugh and considered the furthest planet

 in our solar system until the definitions of planets was revised in 2006. Frozen and lonely, Planet X circled the far reaches

of the solar system awaiting discovery and a name. It got one thanks to an 11-year-old British girl named Venetia Burney, an enthusiast of the planets and classical myth. On March 14, 1930, the day newspapers reported that the long-suspected 'trans-Neptunian body' had been photographed for the first time, she proposed to her well-connected grandfather that it be named Pluto, after the Roman god of the underworld.


  • July 7 - Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of Sherlock Holmes stories at the age of 71 at his home in Windlesham, Sussex, from heart disease.


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