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1924CE

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§Of World Interest

February 5 – GMT: A radio time signal is broadcast for the first time from the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

§Europe

§Albania

December 24 - Albania becomes a republic.

§France

January 25 – The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps).

March 29 – The Third Ministry of Raymond Poincaré starts in France.

§Germany

April 1 - Adolf Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch (he serves only 9 months).

Adolf Hitler begins dictating his book Mein Kampf (or in English, My Struggle), while imprisoned in Bavaria.

August 18 – France begins to withdraw its troops from Germany.

December 19 – German serial killer Fritz Haarmann is sentenced to death for a series of murders.

§Greece

March 25 – Greece proclaims itself a republic.

April 13 – A referendum in Greece favors the formation of the Hellenic Republic.

April 13 – The A.E.K. is founded in Greece.

§Great Britain

January 10 – The British submarine L-34 sinks in the English Channel; 43 are killed.

January 22 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.

February 1 – The United Kingdom recognizes the Soviet Union.

April 26 – Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his "death ray" in London but fails to convince the British War Office.

§Italy

April 6 – Fascists win the elections in Italy with a ⅔ majority.

June 10 – Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.

§Switzerland

October 2 – The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.

§India

February 4 – Mohandas Gandhi is released prematurely on medical grounds.

September 9 – 11 – The 1924 Kohat riots break out in India.

§North America

§United States

February 7 – Death penalty: The first state execution using gas in the United States takes place in Nevada.

May 21 - Nineteen year old Nathan Leopold, Jr. and eighteen year old, Richard Loeb, wealthy University of Chicago students, murder 14 year old Bobby Franks in an attempt to commit the perfect crime. Leopold's glasses were found near the scene and both later confessed. The glasses were ordinary, except that they had a special hinge mechanism. In Chicago, only three people had purchased glasses with such a hinge mechanism, and one of those people was Nathan Leopold. The famous Clarence Darrow was the counsel for the defense. Leopold agreed to act as Loeb's accomplice as long as Loeb had passionate sex with him. Beginning with petty theft, the pair committed a series of more and more serious crimes; the series culminated in murder.

June 2 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.

November 19 – In Los Angeles, California, famous silent film director Thomas Ince ("The Father of the Western") dies, reportedly of a heart attack, in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst).

November 27 – In New York City the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.

December 10 - Henry Gerber applied and six other men for a charter incorporating the Society for Human Rights, an enterprise modeled on German organizations. While serving with the army in Europe following World War I, Gerber had subscribed to German homophile publications and experienced the relative freedom for gay men in Weimar Germany. The society published two issues of its newsletter, Friendship and Freedom, financed almost entirely out of Gerber's pocket. Under pressure from families the group disbanded the following year. But ninety years later the culmination of this group's effort brought full legal rights for gays and lesbians in the United States including the right to marry in all 50 States.

§U.S. Entertainment

February 12 – Rhapsody in Blue, by George Gershwin, is first performed in New York City at Aeolian Hall.

April 16 – American media company Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) is founded in Los Angeles, California.

§U.S. Law

The United States passed a blatantly racist Immigration Act in 1924 (According to the U.S. Department of State's Office of the Historian the purpose of the act was "to preserve the ideal of American homogeneity").

§U.S. Industry

February 14 – IBM is founded in New York State.

February 16-February 26 – Dock strikes break out in various U.S. harbors.

§U.S. Politics

February 22 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.

November 4 - Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first woman governor in the United States.

November 4 - U.S. presidential election, 1924: Republican Calvin Coolidge defeats Democrat John W. Davis and Progressive Robert M. LaFollette, Sr.

§U.S. Religion

May 27 - The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church granted women the right to be ordained as local deacons and elders. It also repealed an earlier ban on dancing and theater attendance.

§Ottoman Empire

March 3 – The 1,400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of President Kemal Atatürk.

§Russia

Lenin died on January 21st, aged 53. Rumors of Lenin having syphilis sprang up shortly after his death. The official cause given for Lenin's death was cerebral arteriosclerosis, or a fourth stroke. But out of the 27 physicians who treated him, only eight signed onto that conclusion in his autopsy report. Therefore, several other theories regarding his death have been put forward.

Documents released after the fall of the U.S.S.R., along with memoirs of Lenin's physicians, suggest that Lenin was treated for syphilis as early as 1895. Documents suggest that Alexei Abrikosov, the pathologist in charge of the autopsy, was ordered to prove that Lenin did not die of syphilis. Abrikosov did not mention syphilis in the autopsy; however, the blood-vessel damage, the paralysis and other incapacities he cited are typical of syphilis. Upon a second release of the autopsy report, none of the organs, major arteries, or brain areas usually affected by syphilis were cited.

In 1923, Lenin's doctors treated him with Salvarsan, the only drug at the time specifically used to treat syphilis, and potassium iodide, which was customary at the time in treating the disease.

Although he might have had syphilis, he had no visible lesions anywhere on his body that normally accompany the later stages of the disease. Most historians still agree that the most likely cause of his death was a stroke induced by the bullet still lodged in his neck from the assassination attempt.

January 26 – Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) is renamed Leningrad.

January 27 – Lenin is buried in a mausoleum (Lenin's Tomb) in Moscow's Red Square.

August 28 – Georgia rises against the Soviet Union in an abortive rebellion, in which several thousands die.

§South Pacific

§Australia

July 17 – Voting in federal elections becomes compulsory in Australia, after a private member's bill proposed by Tasmanian Nationalist senator Herbert Payne results in the passing of the Commonwealth Electoral (Compulsory Voting) Act 1924.

§Hawaii

September 9 - The Hanapēpē Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii. Toward the end of a long-lasting strike of Filipino sugar workers on Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi, local police shot dead nine strikers and fatally wounded seven, strikers shot and stabbed three sheriffs to death and fatally wounded one; a total of 20 people died. The massacre brought an end to armed protests in Hawaii.

Kalema'uma'u crater on Kilauea violently erupted in three weeks of explosions killing one. The eruption did damage and caused a rain of mud in the Puna area, stopping the train between Hilo and Kapoho.

§Sources

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