Recent Changes - Search:

1911CE

<< | 1911-1920 CE | 1912 CE >>

1911 was the year of many firsts in the air as the first aerial photo was taken over San Diego, the first plane landed on a ship in San Francisco and Curtiss flew the first sea plane. Also, Goodyear manufactured its first airship envelope.

In the United States it was a year of tragic fires.

§Africa

July 1 – The presence of the German warship Panther in the Moroccan port of Agadir triggers the Agadir Crisis, escalating pre-WW1 tensions; a subsequent climbdown rallies German militancy.

§Bechuanaland Protectorate

The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, is formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate (modern Botswana).

§Morocco

July 1st, the German Warship Panther in the Moroccan port of Agadir triggered the Agadir Crisis escalating pre-WW1 tensions. Subsequent climbdown rallied German militancy.

§Asia

§China

Empress Dowager Longyu took over in the face of the Xinhai Revolution.

The Wuchang Uprising starts the Xinhai Revolution that leads to the founding of the Republic of China.

October 10 - The Wuchang Uprising broke out. With one province after another declaring independence from the Qing Dynasty

October 18 – Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen overthrow China's Manchu dynasty.

December 29 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China.

§Japan

Japan gains control of its own tariffs.

§Europe

§France

August 22 – The theft of the Mona Lisa is discovered in the Louvre (Vincenzo Peruggia is captured and the painting returned in 1913).

September 7 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum. He is later released.

September 25 - The French Navy ship Liberté explodes at anchor in Toulon.

December 21 – The Bonnot Gang carries out their first robbery in Paris, France.

§Germany

November 16 – An earthquake strikes Swab, South Germany.

§Italy

September 29 – Italy declares war on Turkey.

November 5 – Italy annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica (this act is confirmed by an act of the Italian Parliament on February 25, 1912).

§Monaco

Monaco was founded following a land grant from Emperor Henry VI.

§United Kingdom

June 22nd marked the Coronation of George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck at Westminster Abbey, London.

October 6 – The British Seafarers' Union is formed in Southampton, England.

November 21 – Suffragettes stormed Parliament in London. All were arrested and all chose prison terms.

§Vatican

June 29 – Pope Pius X blessed the founding of Maryknoll.

§India

December 11 – George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are crowned as Emperor of India and Empress consort, respectively, in New Delhi.

December 12 – The capital of India is shifted to New Delhi from Calcutta (now Kolkata).

§North America

§Canada

Robert Laird Borden becomes Canada's eighth prime minister.

Dominion Parks Branch (now Parks Canada), the world's first national park service, is established. In 1911 it falls under the Department of the Interior, and now resides within the Department of the Environment.

§Cuba

January 30 - The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea, saving the life of John McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.

§Mexico

On April 13th during the Mexican revolution, rebels took Aqua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico along the Eastern California - Mexico border. Government troops took the town back April 17th when the rebel leader, "Red" Lopez was drunk. April 19th Francisco Madero's troops besieged Ciudad Juarez, further East along the U.S.-Mexico border but General Juan J. Navarro refused his demand of surrender.

On May 8th, Pancho Villa began to drive Mexico's troops from Ciudad Juarez. without Madero's permission. The Government troops surrendered May 10th.

On May 17th, Porfirio Diaz is convinced to resign but he does not do it officially. And on May 21st, a peace treaty is signed between Madero's rebels and government troops in Ciudad Juarez. A week later, Government troops fired at anti-Diaz demonstrators in Mexico City leaving about 200 dead. The official claim is only 40 dead. The next day, May 25th, Diaz signed his resignation and left for Veracruz, leaving on May 31st for exile in France.

Francisco Madero arrived in Mexico City, June 7th just after a local earthquake.

October 16 – Mexican Revolution: Felix Diaz, nephew of Porfirio Diaz, occupies the port of Veracruz as a sign of rebellion against Madero.

§United States

In January the first aerial photo was taken over San Diego, the first plane landed on a ship in San Francisco, Glenn Curtiss flew the first sea plane and The destroyer USS Terry made the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.

January 18 – Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco harbor, marking the first time an aircraft lands on a ship.

January 26 – Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.

March 25 - The Triangle Shirtwaist clothing factory in New York burned killing 141 people. The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, which fought for better and safer working conditions for sweatshop workers in that industry. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory was located inside the Asch Building, now known as the Brown Building of Science. It has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and a New York City landmark.

March 25 - The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in Manhattan, New York City was at the time the second deadliest industrial disasters in the history of the city, and resulted in the fourth highest loss of life from an industrial accident in U.S. history. Because the owners had locked the doors to the stairwells and exits – a common practice at the time to prevent pilferage and unauthorized breaks – many of the workers who could not escape the burning building jumped from the eighth, ninth, and tenth floors to the streets below. The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, which fought for better working conditions for sweatshop workers. 146 people died, mostly young women and girls. 47 workers lept to their deaths from the 8th and 9th floors.

The factory was located in the Asch Building, at 23–29 Washington Place in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, now known as the Brown Building and part of New York University.

March 29 – The United States Army formally adopts the M1911 pistol as its standard sidearm, thus giving the gun its 1911 designation.

April 30 – Sparks from a burning hayshed ignite the Great Fire of 1911, destroying much of downtown Bangor, Maine.

May 23 – The New York Public Library is officially dedicated.

May 26 - Coney Island - Dreamland Fire. the light bulbs that illuminated the operations began to explode, perhaps because of an electrical malfunction. In the darkness, a worker kicked over a bucket of hot pitch, and soon Hell Gate was in flames.

The fire quickly spread throughout the park. The buildings were made of frames of lath (thin strips of wood) covered with staff (a moldable mixture of plaster of Paris and hemp fiber). Both materials were highly flammable, and as they were common in the Coney Island amusement parks, fires were a persistent problem there. Because of this, a new high-pressure water pumping station had been constructed at Twelfth Street and Neptune Avenue a few years earlier. But on this night it failed. Water was available, but not enough to contain the fire before it enveloped Dreamland.

Chaos broke loose as the park burned. As the one-armed Captain Bonavita strove to save his big cats with only the swiftly encroaching flames for illumination, some of the terrified animals escaped. A lion named Black Prince rushed into the streets, among crowds of onlookers, and was shot by police. By morning, the fire was out and Dreamland was completey destroyed and never rebuilt.

Early editions of The New York Times claimed the incubator babies had perished in the flames, but later the paper corrected this and reported that they had all been saved.

May 30 – The first Indianapolis 500-mile auto race is run. The winner is Ray Harroun in the Marmon 'Wasp.'

August 29 - A native American, the last surviving member of a lost California tribe, Ishi emerged from the wild near Oroville, California, leaving his ancestral homeland, present-day Tehama County, near the foothills of Lassen Peak, known to Ishi as "Wa ganu p'a". He was captured attempting to steal meat near Oroville, California after forest fires in the area.

After the native was noticed by townspeople, the local sheriff took the man into custody for his own protection. The "wild man" caught the imagination and attention of thousands of onlookers and curiosity seekers. Professors at the University of California, Berkeley Museum of Anthropology — now the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology (PAHMA) — read about him and brought him to their facility, then housed on the University of California, San Francisco campus in an old law school building. Studied by the university, Ishi also worked with them as a research assistant and lived in an apartment at the museum for most of the remaining five years of his life. In the summer of 1915, he lived temporarily in Berkeley with the anthropologist Thomas Talbot Waterman and his family.

September 25 - Groundbreaking for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, begins.

September 30 – A concrete dam owned by the Bayless Pulp & Paper Mill breaks, wiping out the town of Austin, Pennsylvania and continuing downstream about 8 miles into the village of Costello.

October - The earliest known reference to ritual begging on Halloween in English speaking North America occurs in 1911, when a newspaper in Kingston, Ontario reported that it was normal for the smaller children to go street "guising" on Halloween between 6 and 7 p.m., visiting shops and neighbors to be rewarded with nuts and candies for their rhymes and songs.

November 11 - A record cold snap hits the United States Midwest; many cities break record highs and lows on the same day.

§U.S. Finance

Nelson Aldrich worked with experts to design a plan for an American central bank.

§U.S. Business and Industry

Procter & Gamble launch Crisco its new vegetable shortening.

Woodbury Soap breaks its "The skin you love to touch" campaign in the Ladies' Home Journal, marking the first time sex appeal is used in advertising.

On May 15th, the United States Supreme Court declared Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and ordered the company dissolved.

Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company manufactured its first airship envelope.

June 5 – Charles F. Kettering files US patent 1,150,523, for an electric starter.

June 15th, IBM incorporated as Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR) in New York.

October 24 – Orville Wright remains in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, setting a new world record that stands for 10 years.

November 3 – Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market to compete with the Ford Model T.

November 14 - Ernst Fredrick Werner Alexanderson invented the Alexanderson alternator. He had 340 patents and affiliations with some of the world's foremost scientists and business executives made him a central figure in the early years of broadcasting and earned him a place on the list of the most prolific U.S.-based inventors of all time. He designed the Alexanderson alternator, a high-frequency generator for longwave transmission, which made modulated (voice) radio broadcasts practical.

§U.S. Politics

April 27 – Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

August 8 – Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435 (the law takes effect in 1913).

§U.S. Religion

October 28 – The Rosicrucian Fellowship's international headquarters opens at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California (preceded by its formal constitution in August 8, 1909 at Seattle, Washington).

§Scandinavia

§Denmark

March 24th, Denmark abolished both the death penalty and flogging.

§South America

§Peru

Machu Picchu, sometimes called the "Lost City of the Incas", a well-preserved pre-Columbian Inca ruin located at 2,430 m (7,970 ft) on a mountain ridge, was brought back to international attention by archaeologist Hiram Bingham who rediscovered it in 1911. Machu Picchu is located above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, about 70 km (44 mi) northwest of Cusco.

§Uruguay

On March 1, José Batlle y Ordóñez was elected President of Uruguay.

§South Pacific

§Micronesia

Sokehs Rebellion on Pohnpei was suppressed by German naval forces by early 1911. At a summary trial of 36 Sokehs rebels, 17 were convicted of murder and insurrection, and 15 subsequently executed by firing squad and buried in a mass grave. All members of the Sokehs tribe were then exiled to Babelthuap. The site is now identified by a memorial marker.

§South Pole

December 14 – Roald Amundsen's expedition reaches the South Pole.

§Ongoing

  • Champagne Riots
  • Mexican Revolution

§Sources

<< | 1911-1920 CE | 1912 CE >>

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on August 11, 2018, at 03:48 PM