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<< 1901 BCE | 1909-1900 BCE | >>


Proto-Greek invasions of Greece.

Minoan Old Palace period starts in Ancient Greece.

§Near East

§Anatolia (Modern Turkey)

The Hittites and other members of the Anatolian family then came from the north, possibly along the Caspian Sea. Their movement into the region set off a Near East mass migration sometime around 1900 BC The dominant inhabitants in central Anatolia at the time were Hattians. There were also Assyrian colonies in the country; it was from these that the Hittites adopted the cuneiform script. It took some time before the Hittites established themselves, as is clear from some of the texts included here

Hittite empire in Hattusa, Anatolia.


Late Vedic period ends, post Vedic period begins.

Drying up of Sarasvati River, end of Indus-Sarasvati culture, end of the Vedic age. After this, the center of civilization in ancient India relocates from the Sarasvati to the Ganga, along with possible migration of Vedic peoples out of India to the Near East (perhaps giving rise to the Mittani and Kassites, who worship Vedic Gods). The redirection of the Sutlej into the Indus causes the Indus area to flood. Climate changes make the Sarasvati region too dry for habitation. (Thought lost, its river bed is finally photographed from satellite in the 1990s.)

§Middle East


Sargon I is the king.

"Almost as soon as the written word appeared, people began sending mail. Archaeologists have determined that by 1900 BC, the ancient Assyrians had established one of the first postal services. Merchants used it to exchange messages written in cuneiform on tablets sealed in clay envelopes, and they trusted it enough to send each other currency. 'I provided your agents with three minas of silver for the purchase of lead,' one businessman wrote to another. 'Now, if you are still my brother, let me have my money by courier.'


Fall of last Sumerian dynasty.

§Northern India - Pakistan

Late Harappan Phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins. This period marks the beginning of the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Port of Lothal is abandoned. It was one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Located in the modern state of Gujarāt and dating from 2400 BCE.


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