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1883CE

<< 1882 CE | 1881-1890 CE | 1884 CE >>

Africa

Zulu Nation South Africa

Zulu King Cetshwayo barely escaped rebel attack with his life.

Central America

Nicaragua

Adán Cárdenas became the President on March 1st.

Europe

On October 4rth, the long-distance passenger train, Orient Express, operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits, began its run from Paris to Giurgiu in Romania via Munich and Vienna. At Giurgiu, passengers were ferried across the Danube to Rousse in Bulgaria to pick up another train to Varna, from there they completed the journey to Istanbul by ferry.

France

January 6 - Léon Gambetta's funeral evoked one of the most overwhelming displays of national sentiment ever witnessed.

Germany

The cause for the devastating cholera epidemics, the cholera bacillus was discovered by German bacteriologist, Heinrich Hermann Robert Kock. The cholera bacillus was found in water used for washing and drinking. New measures were then taken to prevent the disease, ending the long succession of epidmics that had plagued the overcrowded cities of Europe.

Great Britain

June 16 – Victoria Hall disaster: A rush for treats results in 183 children being asphyxiated in a concert hall in Sunderland, England.

October 30- Two Clan na Gael dynamite bombs explode in the London underground, injuring several people. The next day, Home Secretary Vernon Harcourt drafts 300 policemen to guard the underground and introduces the Explosives Bill.

Italy

February 13 - Richard Wagner died of a heart attack at Ca' Vendramin Calergi, a 16th century palazzo on the Venice Grand Canal. His body was returned to Bayreuth and buried in the garden of the Villa Wahnfried.

Franz Liszt's memorable piece for pianoforte solo, La lugubre gondola, evokes the passing of a black-shrouded funerary gondola bearing Richard Wagner's remains over the Grand Canal.

Netherlands

The first public park was built in the Netherlands, Named "Orange Park" after the Dutch Royal House of Orange. It was built in Wijk C, the blue collar neighborhood in Utrecht that withstood both Spanish and French domination and devastating cholera epidemics. In 1875, more than 8,000 people lived within a half square kilometer that made up Wijk C.

August 11 - The last quagga died in the Amsterdam zoo. The quagga was a tan colored zebra hunted to extinction for its meat and hide.

November 1 – Amsterdam: The first international colonial and export exhibition closes, having had over 1 million visitors.

Scotland

July 3 – The SS Daphne disaster in Glasgow leaves 124 dead.

October 4 - The Boys' Brigade (the first uniformed youth organization in existence) is founded in Glasgow, Scotland.

North America

Mexico

Mexican government passes a law allowing real estate companies (controlled by general Porfirio Díaz's political cronies) to survey public and "vacant" lands and to retain 1/3 of the land they survey.

United States

January 10 – A fire at the Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee kills 73 people.

January 16 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States civil service, is passed.

January 19 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires begins service in Roselle, New Jersey (it was built by Thomas Edison).

May 24 - After 13 years of construction, the Brooklyn Bridge is opened to traffic in New York City. Six days later, a rumor that the bridge was going to collapse caused a stampede of people, killing twelve.

May 30 – In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes 12 people.

On July 4rth, the first rodeo was held in Pecos, Texas.

November 3 – American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the Po-et" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.

November 18 – U.S. and Canadian railroads institute 5 standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.

December 8 - The Bisbee Massacre: Also known as the Bisbee Murders, or the Bisbee Raid, occurred when a gang of bandits robbed a general store in Bisbee, Arizona, and killed four people. Five men were later executed for the crime and they became the first criminals to be legally hanged in Tombstone. A sixth man was sentenced to life in prison, but he was killed by a lynch mob on February 22, 1884.

U.S. Entertainment

February 28 - The first vaudeville theater opened in Boston, Massachusettes.

Fabled bison hunter William 'Buffalo Bill' Cody first staged his Wild West show.

U.S. Industry

September 29 – A consortium of flour mill operators in Minneapolis, Minnesota forms the Minneapolis, Sault Ste. Marie and Atlantic Railway as a means to get their product to the Great Lakes ports but avoid the high tariffs of Chicago.

October 8 - The U.S. patent office ruled that Edison's patent, filed in 1880 was based on the work of William Sawyer and was therefore invalid. Work done by Sawyer, Swan and Saite in the past formed the basis of Edison's work creating the North American version of the light bulb. He later formed a company with Swan to avoid litigation over the fact that Swan had patented the incandescent light a year before Edison in England.

U.S. Law

February 23 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law.

October 15 – The Supreme Court of the United States declares part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 to be unconstitutional, since the Court allows private individuals and corporations to discriminate based on race.

South America

October 20 – Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific.

Chile

November 14 – Chile's National Library of Congress is founded.

South Pacific Islands


Krakatoa Eruption

Between August 26th and 28th the Indonesian volcano, Krakatoa (Indonesian name: Krakatau), erupted ejecting more than 25 cubic kilometres of rock, ash, and pumice. It generated the loudest sound ever historically reported the cataclysmic explosion was distinctly heard as far away as Perth in Australia (approx. 1930 miles or 3100 km), and the island of Rodrigues near Mauritius (approx. 3000 miles or 4800 km). Atmospheric shock waves reverberated around the world seven times and were detectable for five days. Near Krakatoa, according to official records, 165 villages and towns were destroyed and 132 seriously damaged, at least 36,417 (official toll) people died, and many thousands were injured by the eruption, mostly in the tsunamis which followed the explosion.

Indonesia

War began again in 1883, when the British ship Nisero was stranded in Aceh, in an area where the Dutch had little influence. A local leader asked for ransom from both the Dutch and the British, and under British pressure the Dutch were forced to attempt to liberate the sailors. After a failed Dutch attempt to rescue the hostages, where the local leader Teuku Umar was asked for help but he refused, the Dutch together with the British invaded the territory. The Sultan gave up the hostages, and received a large amount of cash in exchange.

The Dutch Minister of Warfare August Willem Philip Weitzel now again declared open war on Aceh, and warfare continued, with little success, as before. The Dutch now also tried to enlist local leaders: the aforementioned Umar was bought with cash, opium, and weapons. Umar received the title panglima prang besar (upper warlord of the government).

August 26–28 – Krakatoa or Krakatau volcano erupts at 10:02 AM (local time); 163 villages are destroyed, 36,380 killed.

August 27 - More than 36,000 people were killed by tsunamis following the explosion of the volcano Krakatau in the Sunda Strait near Java. Some estimates of the number killed in that disaster were even higher. Waves estimated as high as 90 feet slammed ashore on nearby islands, wiping out coastal communities in what is now Indonesia.

Deaths

  • May 24 - Ruth Luka Keanolani Kauanahoahoa Keʻelikōlani, Royal Governor of the Island of Hawai'i.

Sources

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Page last modified on February 07, 2018, at 10:53 AM