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1873CE

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Of World Interest

Experiments with selenium reveal that light images can be converted into electronic signals.

Africa

Zanzibar

June 5 - Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar.

Asia

Japan

January 1 - Beginning of the Japanese Era.

Sodomy was first prohibited in Japan in this year. The law was repealed in 1880 CE

Central America

Panama

May 7 - U.S. Marines attack Panama.

Europe

Austria

May 1 - Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Fair in Vienna.

On May 9th the stock market crashed in Vienna. "Der Krach" as the crash was known, heralded a long period of economic depression.

France

May 24 - Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit," premieres in Paris

July 10 - French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

Great Britain

January 22 - Britain's SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die.

August 23 - The Albert Bridge, crossing the Thames River, opens.

Hungary

November 20 - Rival cities of Buda and Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary

Netherlands

February 27 - Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor.

Spain

The first Spanish Republic was founded. King Amadeo I of Spain abdicated his throne on February 10th, following the Hidalgo Affair where he had been required by the radical government to sign a decree against the artillery officers. The next day, February 11, the republic was declared by a parliamentary majority made up of radicals, republicans and democrats. It lasted twenty-three months, between February 11, 1873 and 29 December 1874 and had five presidents.

Vatican

January 6 - Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia".

North America

Canada

March 9 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) founded

April 1 - British White Star steamship S.S. Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia where 562 people died.

May 23 - Canada's North West Mounted Police Force (RCMPF) is formed.

June 22 - Prince Edward Island joins Canada. It became a province on July 1.

Puerto Rico

March 22 - Slavery abolished.

United States

January 6 - U.S. Congress begins investigating Credit Mobilier scandal

February 12 - Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins

March 3 - Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps

March 3 - U.S. Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively.

April 13 - Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed).

May 1 - 1st U.S. post card issued.

A hunter named Tom Nixon once shot 120 animals in 40 minutes. In 1873 he killed 3,200 in 35 days, making Cody's once outlandish-sounding claim of killing 4,280 in 18 months seem paltry by comparison.

May 23 - Post cards sold in San Francisco for the first time.

June 2 - Construction begins on Clay St. (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad, invented by Andrew S. Hallidie.

June 16 - President Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians

June 18 - Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President.

July 1 - Henry Flipper of Georgia is 2nd black to enter West Point

July 21 - Jesse James and James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

August 1 - San Francisco's 1st cable car begins service only two months after construction began. The next day began the first trial run on Clay Street between Kearny and Jones, a distance of five blocks.

August 1 - Virginia City residents celebrated with hours of bonfires and fireworks when the first stream of water reached the District piped from the Sierra Nevadas through a pipeline that used a reverse siphon, creating the highest pressure water pipeline in the world. This pipeline was necessary to support the silver mines that began springing up in the Nevada Comstock Mining District.

August 14 - "Field and Stream" magazine goes into publication

August 18 - First ascent of Mount Whitney, California, 14,494'

December 30 - American Meteorological Society forms (New York City) weights, measures and money

U.S. Economy

Depression of 1873

September 18 - Government bond agent Jay Cooke and Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St

September 19 - Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Co fails, causing a securities panic

September 20 - Panic sweeps New York Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) New York shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal.

The ensuing economic depression lasted until 1879

U.S. Entertainment

October 20 - P. T. Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (New York City)

October 30 - P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth," debuts (New York City)

U.S. Industry

Christopher Latham Sholes invented the QWERTY keyboard still in use today.

January 11 - 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago

January 14 - "Celluloid" registered as a trademark.

November 4 - Dentist John Beers of San Francisco patents gold crown

U.S. Law

March 3 - The U.S. Congress passes the Comstock laws. Written by dry goods merchant and anti-obscenity crusader Anthony Comstock, the law makes all forms of contraception illegal. The contraceptive industry continues to flourish -- but the devices are now sold to promote "feminine hygiene." The law also made it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.

March 4 - President Ulysses S. Grant began his second term in office.

U.S. Politics

January 13 - P B S Pinchback relinquishes office as Louisiana governor. The next day he was elected to the Senate.

U.S. Religion

Brigham Young, leader of the Mormon Church, claims that Adam is God. "How much unbelief exists in the minds of the Latter Day Saints in regard to one particular doctrine which I revealed to them, and which God revealed to me - namely that Adam is our Father and God." It would be refuted by Spencer W. Kimball in 1976.

South America

Suriname

June 4 - 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname

South Pacific

Indonesia

The Dutch colonial government declared war on Aceh on 26 March 1873; the apparent immediate trigger for their invasion was discussions between representatives of Aceh and the U.S. in Singapore during early 1873. An expedition under Major General Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler was sent out in 1873, which was able to occupy most of the coastal areas. It was the intention of the Dutch to attack and take the Sultan's palace, which would also lead to the occupation of the entire country. The Sultan requested and possibly received military aid from Italy and the United Kingdom in Singapore: in any case the Aceh army was rapidly modernized, and Aceh soldiers managed to kill Köhler (a monument of this achievement has been built inside Grand Mosque of Banda Aceh). Köhler made some grave tactical errors and the reputation of the Dutch was severely harmed.

Sources

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