Recent Changes - Search:


<< 1845 CE | 1841-1850 CE | 1847 CE >>

§Of World Interest

September 23 – Discovery of Neptune: The planet is observed for the first time by German astronomers Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich Louis d'Arrest as predicted by the British astronomer John Couch Adams and the French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier, although the planet did not get its current name for many years.



March 10 – Prince Osahito, fourth son of deceased Emperor Ninko of Japan, becomes Emperor Kōmei.


Crop failures this year began a period of starvation among the poor that led the revolutions of the next several years, particularly the wave of revolutions in 1848.


Bartholemy Theodore De Theux becomes prime minister of Belgium

A potato blight, originating in Belgium, caused a subsistence crisis in Northern Europe.


An economic crisis began this year that led to the workers demanding the right to vote and for state subsidies to the major trades.

May 17 – The Saxophone is patented by Adolphe Sax.

August 1 - Legislative election held for the seventh legislature of the July Monarchy.

September 19 – The Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to two children in La Salette, France.

§Great Britain

May 16 – Under the leadership of British Prime Minister Robert Peel, the British Parliament repeals the Corn Laws, replacing the old Colonial mercantile trade system with Free Trade.

§British Industry

Electric Telegraph Company founded in Britain.


The Great Irish Famine continued. It was caused by a potato disease commonly known as late blight.


February 18 – beginning of the Galician peasant revolt.


Famine led to the peasant revolt known as "Maria da Fonte" in the north of Portugal


September – The Second Carlist War, or the War of the Matiners or Madrugadores begins in Spain.


June 16 – Pope Pius IX succeeds Pope Gregory XVI as the 255th pope.

§North America

§United States

January 5 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

February 19 – In Austin, Texas, the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed.

February 26 – The Liberty bell is cracked while being rung for George Washington's birthday.

June 19 - The first baseball game played under the new rules created in 1845 by Alexander Cartwright took place between Cartwright’s Knickerbockers and the New York Nine. The teams reviewed the Cartwright Rules before the game, and then began the competition. One difference between the First Baseball Game and the current game is that the teams played until one squad reached 21 runs. There were innings, but they were not limited to nine. The New York Nine slaughtered Cartwright’s Knickerbockers 21-1.

June - The earliest recorded owner of the island of Alcatraz is one Julian Workman, to whom it was given by Mexican governor Pio Pico in June with the understanding that the former would build a lighthouse on it. Julian Workman is the baptismal name of William Workman, co-owner of Rancho La Puente and personal friend of Pio Pico. Later in 1846, acting in his capacity as Military Governor of California, John C. Fremont, champion of Manifest Destiny and leader of the Bear Flag Republic, bought the island for $5000 in the name of the United States government from Francis Temple.

Mexican-American War

April 25 – Open conflict begins over border disputes of Texas' boundaries.

May 8 – Battle of Palo Alto: Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande at Palo Alto, Texas in the first major battle of the war.

May 13 – The United States declares war on Mexico.

June 10 – Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.

June 14 – Bear Flag Revolt: American settlers in Sonoma, California start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.

July 7 – Acting on instructions from Washington, DC, Commodore John Drake Sloat orders his troops to occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena thus beginning the United States annexation of California.

December - The Pauma Massacre occurred in December 1846, north of Escondido, California. Luiseño Indians killed eleven Mexicans, Californio lancers who had stolen horses from them. The action was related to a series of regional conflicts during the Mexican-American War and followed the defeat of United States forces by the Mexicans at the Battle of San Pasqual in California. This led to the Temeculah Massacre.

The Temecula Massacre took place in December 1846 east of present-day Temecula, California. It was part of a series of related events in the Mexican-American War. A combined force of Californio militia and Cahuilla Indians attacked and killed an estimated 33-40 Luiseño Indians. The Mexicans took the military action in retaliation for the Indians' killing 11 Californio lancers, in what was called the Pauma Massacre.

Oregon Treaty

June 15 -The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

§U.S. Industry

Elias Howe patents the sewing machine.

§U.S. Religion

February 4 - Brigham Young and 3,000 Mormons set out for Utah earlier than the planned Spring departure, due to rumor of federal persecution and revocation of the Nauvoo city charter. The leaders expected to reach their goal by winter. Difficulties forced the Mormons to abandon their original schedule and so the journey was split into two sections: Nauvoo to Omaha, Nebraska in 1846; and, Omaha to the Salt Lake Valley of Utah in 1847.

The first 265 miles and 4 months was spent traveling through Iowa in the bitter cold. Five-hundred wagons traveled through axel-deep mud and rough and uncertain terrain. Unskilled in trail life and a disorganized leadership led to poor planning with many important provisions left behind by many families. Eventually, the groups coalesced into groups of 10s, 50s or 100s. The second group had it much easier. They started the journey later in the year and improvements had been made to the route along the way. Settlements such as Garden Grove and Mt. Pisgah were established to provide way stations for the coming immigration.

June 13 - The first group of Mormons reached the Missouri River at Council Bluffs, Iowa. Some settled in Council Bluffs, which was renamed Kanesville, while others crossed the Missouri and established Winter Quarters in present-day Omaha.

Brigham Young decided that the original plan to reach the Rockies by fall was now impossible. The Mormons would be staying on the Missouri until the following spring. Winter Quarters would prove to be a harsh stopping place during the winter of 1846-1847.

July 21 - Mormons founded the first English settlement in the San Joaquin Valley of California.

December 13 - Mary Woodward divorced Brigham Young.

An intensely devout Calvinist priest named A.C. van Raalte led several hundred settlers from the Netherlands to the United States. The group founded the city of Holland, Michigan which was incorporated in 1847 CE

§U.S. Statehood

December 28: Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.

§South Pacific

§Kingdom of Hawaii

The Kingdom of Hawaii signed peace treaties with Great Britain, France and Ireland.

Article I: There shall be perpetual peace and amity between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the King of the Sandwich Islands, their heirs and successors.

Washington Place is the large colonial-style building, surrounded by stately trees, was erected in 1846 and the home of Queen Lili'uokalani, who resided there from 1893, following the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy, until her death in 1917. In recent decades, it has been the official residence of Hawaii governors and now has been renovated to house a museum.


December - Franco-Tahitian war ended.


<< 1845 CE | 1841-1850 CE | 1847 CE >>

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on January 17, 2017, at 01:52 PM