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<< 1794 CE | 1791-1800 CE | 1796 CE >>



American, Andreas Everardus van Braam Houckgeest, would get to see the Forbidden City, a palace complex of more than 900 buildings that was off-limits even to most Chinese.


May and June - The Battle of Richmond Hill in the colony of New South Wales between the Darug people and British Colonial Forces.

§Caribbean Sea


Large slave rebellion occurs in Curaçao.


Spain cedes its half of Hispaniola to France.

§Saint Lucia

June 27 - French troops recapture St. Lucia.



December 13 A meteorite fell at Wold Newton, a hamlet in Yorkshire in England. This meteorite fall was subsequently used as a literary premise by the science fiction writer Philip José Farmer as the basis for the Wold Newton family stories. See: Wold Newton meteorite.


April 7 - France adopts the metre as the unit of length.

June 8 - Dauphin, would-be-Louis XVII dies. Louis XVIII becomes titular king of France (he becomes actual king of France on April 6, 1814)

June 28 - French government announces that the heir to the French throne has died of illness - many doubt the statement.

June 27 - British forces land of Quiberon to aid the revolt in Brittany.

July 15 - The Marseillaise officially adopted as the French national anthem.

October 5 - Royalist riots in Paris are crushed by troops under Paul Barras and newly reinstalled artillery officer Napoleon Bonaparte.


The people of the city of Utrecht, Netherlands, surrendered to the French army under Napoleon. To support his efforts to collect taxes he lettered the various neighborhoods (wijks) of the city from A through M and numbered all the houses. Prior to this, houses did not carry a number, but instead, many of the houses had bas relief sculptures over the door identifying the residents by trade or coats of arms.

January 17 - Revolution breaks out in Amsterdam.

January 19, one day after stadtholder William V of Orange fled to England, the Bataafse Republiek (Batavian Republic) was proclaimed, rendering the Netherlands a unitary state.

January 21 - Dutch fleet freezed in IJsselmeer is captured by French 8e Hussard.

William V, fleeing Napoleon's armies, instructed Dutch governors of overseas territories to turn them over to the British.


Failed harvest in Munich.

§Great Britain

April 8 - The Marriage of George, Prince of Wales to Caroline of Brunswick.

Sir Gilbert Blane, Commissioner of the Sick and Wounded Board, persuaded the Admiralty to go against the theories of the medical establishment and introduce lemon juice as daily addition to the naval diet in 1795. Later lemons were replaced by limes which could be obtained from Britain's Caribbean colonies, and for this reason, "limey" became a common slang word for a British person.


May 15 - First Coalition: Napoleon I of France enters Milan in triumph.

§Polish Lithanian State

Polish-Lithuanian independence ended. Prussia captured the western part of Lithuania and the remaining parts came under Russian rule. Third Partition of Poland is made.


William Lyon Mackenzie Was Born On The 12th In Scotland


October 27 - The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which established the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.

§North America


City of Edmonton, Alberta is founded when a Hudson's Bay Company Trading Post is established with the construction of Fort Edmonton.

§United States

The White House was being built in Washington D.C., partly with slave labor.

February 7 - The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed.

January 15 - The University of North Carolina (renamed the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1963) opens to students, becoming the first state university in the United States.

August 3 - The signature of the Treaty of Greenville puts an end to the Northwest Indian War.

George Hadfield was hired on October 15, 1795 as superintendent of construction of the US Capitol Building.

The Philadelphia Aurora, a muckraking antifederalist founded by Benjamin Franklin's grandson reported that George Washington embezzeled $6000 from the treasury.

§U.S. Economy

The United States borrowed $8 million in Dutch florins from private bankers in the Netherlands. This was the last time the US borrowed money in a foreign currency until the late 20th century.

§Pacific Ocean

§Hawaiian Islands

Spring - Kamehameha I of the Island of Hawaii defeats the Oahuans at the Battle of Nu'uanu Valley, solidifying his control of the major islands of the archipelago.



June 5 - The Copenhagen fire of 1795 starts in a naval warehouse.

June 7 - The Copenhagen fire of 1795 dies out after destroying 941 houses.


Sweden becomes the first monarchy to recognize the French Republic.

§South Pacific


Kamehameha set sail with an armada of 1,200 war canoes and 10,000 soldiers. He quickly secured the lightly defended islands of Maui and Molokaʻi, and moved on the island of Oʻahu, landing his troops at Waiʻalae and Waikīkī. What Kamehameha did not know was that one of his commanders, a high-ranking aliʻi named Kaʻiana, had defected to Kalanikupule. Kaʻiana assisted in the cutting of notches into the Nuʻuanu Pali mountain ridge; these notches, like those on a castle turret, would serve as gunports for Kalanikupule's cannon.

In a series of skirmishes, Kamehameha's forces were able to push back Kalanikupule's until he was cornered on the Pali Lookout. While Kamehameha moved on the Pali, his troops took heavy fire from the cannon. In desperation, he assigned two divisions of his best warriors to climb to the Pali to attack the cannons from behind; they surprised Kalanikupule's gunners and took control of the weapons. With the loss of their guns, Kalanikupule's troops fell into disarray and were cornered by Kamehameha's still organized troops. A fierce battle ensued, with Kamehameha's forces forming an enclosing wall and by using their traditional Hawaiʻian spears, muskets and cannon, were able to kill Kalanikupule's forces to the man. Over 400 men were forced off the Pali's cliff, a drop of 1,000 feet. Kaʻiana was killed during the action; Kalanikupule was captured some time later and sacrificed to Kukaʻilimoku.


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