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Nearly 80,000 peasants of Kozuke and Musashi Districts threatened to invade the city of Edo.



The Beast of Gévaudan, a legendary wolf-like creature, began terrorizing the former province of Gévaudan (modern day Lozère département), in the Margeride Mountains in south-central France. Many attacks took place - between 60 and 100 people were killed - and debate continues as to the Beast's true identity.

The Beast was described as being a wolflike creature the size of a cow, with a wide chest, a long sinuous tail with a lion-like tuft of fur on the end, and a greyhound-like head with small straight ears and large protruding fangs. The creature was said to have red fur, and a peculiar white stripe that ran down the length of its chest. The sole survivor of the attack, a young peasant girl, described it: "It was as large as a cow, with claws the size of a man's hand." It may have been able to leap up to thirty feet, according to analysis of some of its tracks.

The first attack that provided a description of the creature took place in May/June of 1764. A girl from Langogne was working on a farm in the Forêt de Mercoire when she saw a large, wolf-like animal emerge from the trees and charge directly toward her, but it was driven away by the farm's bulls.

The creature's reported method of killing was unusual for a predator, often targeting the head, and ignoring the usual areas targeted by predators, including the legs and throat. Often the head was crushed or removed. It also seemed to target people over farm animals, reportedly having an aversion to cattle; many times it would attack someone while cattle were in the same field.

There were some reports that the beast was seen with another such animal, or with young; others state that the beast was with a man.

Some accounts put the number of dead at fifteen women, sixty-eight children, and six men (figures of those dead, another 30 wounded or mauled). The Beast's preference towards women and children is perhaps due to their working the country-side farms in pairs or even alone, making themselves easier targets. Men, however, tended to have objects that could be used as weapons, such as sickles, and often worked the fields in large groups.

A hunt for the beast began in 1765.


June 29 - A Level 5 tornado in Woldegk, Germany.

§Great Britain

January 19 - John Wilkes is expelled from the United Kingdom House of Commons for seditious libel.

James Hargreaves (age 42) invented the spinning jenny, a machine that enabled an individual to produce multiple spools of threads simultaneously.

§Kingdom of Hungary

January 7 - Siculicidium: the Massacre at Madéfalva (Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary) where hundreds of innocent Székely people were murdered by the Austrians.


Famine in Naples


October - Battle of Buxar was a significant battle fought between the forces under the command of the British East India Company on the one side, and the combined armies of Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal ; Nawab of Awadh; and Shah Alam II, the Mughal Emperor. The battle fought at Buxar, a town (currently in Bihar state, India) located on the bank of the Ganges river, was a decisive battle won by the forces of the East India Company. The battle resulted into securing of Diwani rights to administer the collection and management of revenues of large areas which currently form parts of Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh , as well as of Bangladesh. The Battle of Buxar heralded the establishment of the rule of the East India Company in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent.

§North America


June 21 - The English-language Quebec Gazette is established in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. As of 2005, it is the oldest surviving newspaper in North America.

November 16 - Chief Pontiac surrenders to the British.

§United States

February 15 - The American city of St. Louis is established by Laclede Liguest and his 13-year-old assistant, Auguste Chouteau. They discovered a fine landing which gave way to gentle rises and protection against flooding. These rises opened to meadows and fields which could grow grain and staples. In the spring of 1764, Laclede named his settlement St. Louis, the patron of his king, Louis XV, and the model of all Catholic monarchs since the middle ages.

November 9 - Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.

The Royal Colony of North Carolina establishes a new county from the eastern portion of Granville County and names it Bute County for John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, who had recently resigned his post as Prime Minister of Great Britain. In 1779 the State of North Carolina abolishes the county when it forms Warren County from the northern portion and Franklin County from the southern portion.


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