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1738CE

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§Eastern Asia

§China

The Qing government announced that all western businessmen had to use the cohong in Guangzhou to trade.

§Eastern Europe

The Great Plague of 1738 was an outbreak of the bubonic plague between 1738-1740 that affected areas in the modern nations of Romania, Hungary, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, and Austria. Although no exact figure is available, the epidemic likely killed over 50,000 people.

In February of 1738 the plague hit the Banat region, having been spread there by the Imperial Army.

According to the 1740 Hungarian Diet, the Great Plague claimed 36,000 lives.

Southeastern Transylvania may have been the hardest area hit. Over the following eight years, the plague killed a sixth of the population of Temeschwar. Bucharest's Monument of the Holy Trinity in Unirii Square is dedicated to the plague's victims. The plague would return to hit the city again in 1762-1763.

Other cities in the region were also stricken. Between October 1737 and April 1738, 111 deaths were reported in Zernyest, and 70 in Feketehalom. More than 10% of the population of Kolozsvár was reported to have been killed by the pandemic.

The disease's spread extended to the Adriatic. It made its way to the island of Brač in modern-day Croatia.

By the summer, the Serbian region of Grad Zrenjanin was also affected

§Europe

§Austria

November 13 - Ratification of the Treaty of Vienna.

§England

April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.

Rainstorms caused the River Holme to burst its banks and flood the valley. Though there was damage to farmland there was no loss of life.

§France

Stanisław Leszczyński receives Lorraine in exchange for renouncing the Polish throne.

Pierre Louis Maupertuis publishes Sur la figure de la terre, which 'confirms Newton's view that the earth is a spheroid slightly flattened at the poles'.

Jacques de Vaucanson presents the world's first automaton, The Flute Player, to the French Academy of Sciences.

§Germany

February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württemberg.

Franz Ketterer invents the cuckoo clock.

§Italy

The excavation of Herculaneum, a Roman city buried by Vesuvius in AD 79, begins.

The first known pizzeria opens in Naples.

§Vatican

April 28 - The pope issued the first papal decree against the Freemasons, it was titled In eminenti.

§Middle East

§Afghanistan

The last ruler of the Hotaki dynasty, Shah Husayn Khan, ruled the area of Afghanistan until 1738 when Nader's Afsharids and the Abdali Pashtuns under Ahmad Shah Durrani defeated him at Kandahar. Nadir Shah and his army, which included Ahmad Khan and four thousand of his Pashtun soldiers of the Abdali tribe, conquered the region of Kandahar from the Hotak Ghilzais; in the same year he occupied Ghazni, Kabul and Lahore.

§North America

§Caribbean

August 30 - Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic are hit by the Santa Rosa Hurricane which caused damage to agriculture and to many homes in Puerto Rico. It is estimated that it entered Puerto Rico in the east and crossed the entire island, then passing on to the Dominican Republic.

§New World Colonies

Cherokee Nation undergoes another devastating smallpox epidemic.

George Washington's family moved to the 600 acre farm on which he grew up so they could be closer to the iron forge his father, Augustine, managed. Augustine, and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington, George and his five siblings lived in a house there that had been built earlier in the century.

§South Pacific

§Hawaii

Aliʻi nui Peleioholani becomes the 22nd Alii Aimoku of Oʻahu until 1738. He had formerly been the King of Kauai.

Battle of Keawawa, North of Lahaina, Maui.

§Sources

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Page last modified on January 05, 2017, at 06:40 PM