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1715CE

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§Europe

§England

Within a year of George's accession to the throne the Whigs won an overwhelming victory in the general election of 1715. Several members of the defeated Tory Party sympathised with the Jacobites, and some disgruntled Tories sided with a Jacobite rebellion which became known as "The Fifteen". The Jacobites sought to put Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Stuart (called "James III" by his supporters and "the Pretender" by his opponents), on the Throne. The Pretender's supporters, led by Lord Mar, an embittered Scottish nobleman who had previously supported the "Glorious Revolution", instigated rebellion in Scotland where support for Jacobitism was stronger than in England. "The Fifteen", however, was a dismal failure; Lord Mar's battle plans were poor, and the Pretender arrived late with too little money and too few arms. By the end of the year the rebellion had all but collapsed.

George's distrust of the Tories aided the passing of power to the Whigs. Whig dominance would grow to be so great under George that the Tories would not return to power for another half-century. After the election, the Whig-dominated Parliament passed the Septennial Act 1715, which extended the maximum duration of Parliament to seven years (although it could be dissolved earlier by the Sovereign). Thus Whigs already in power could remain in such a position for a greater period of time.

§France

September 1 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years, leaving the throne of his exhausted and indebted country to his great-grandson Louis XV. Regent for the new, five years old monarch is Philippe d'Orléans, nephew of Louis XIV.

§Scotland

September - First of the major Jacobite Rebellions in Scotland against the rule of King George I. John Erskine, 22nd Earl of Mar raised the standard of James Francis Edward Stuart and marched on Edinburgh. James, the son of the deposed King James VII, briefly arrived from France, but left as it became clear that there was no support for him in England; he took Mar with him, but left most of his supporters behind.

§North America

§New World Colonies

February 11 - Tuscarora War: The Tuscarora and their allies sign a peace treaty with the Province of Carolina and agree to move to a reservation near Lake Mattamuskeet, effectively ending the Tuscarora War. Large numbers of Tuscarora subsequently move to New York.

July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. Three days later nine of them sink in a storm off the coast of Florida Some centuries later treasure salvage was found from these wrecks.

July 27-31 - A hurricane hits the Bahamas and Florida Keys. Eleven ships were lost and deaths range from 1000 to 2500. Records in the Cuba archives put the number 1500 lost. These ships were overloaded with gold, silver and jewels and millions of dollars in treasure has been recovered over the years. Some of the ships are still missing.

Province of Carolina goes to war with the Yamasee Native Americans.

§Scandinavia

§Norway

December 24 - Swedish troops occupy Norway.

§Sources

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