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§Of World Interest

In 1705 Edmond Halley predicted, using Newton's newly formulated laws of motion, that the comet seen in 1531, 1607, and 1682 would return in 1758 (which was, alas, after his death). The comet did indeed return as predicted and was later named in his honor.



The Shogunate confiscates the property of a merchant in Osaka "for conduct unbecoming a member of the commercial class". The government seizes 50 pairs of gold screens, 360 carpets, several mansions, 48 granaries and warehouses scattered around the country and hundreds of thoudands of gold pieces.


Taichung City, Taiwan is founded as the village of Dadun.



December 25 – In Munich, capital of Bavaria, 1100 militiamen from the Oberland are killed during the Sendlinger Mordweihnacht, after a failed attempt to break through several gates and capture a depot to seize better weaponry; many men were slaughtered by German federal infantry and Hungarian Husars, despite their capitulation to Austrian officers.


May 5 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1640) died.

May 5 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor succeeds his father Leopold I.


December – The Sophia Naturalization Act 1705 is passed by the British Parliament, which naturalizes Sophia of Hanover and the "issue of her body" as British subjects.

§North America


Havana was hit by a hurricane which claimed 4 ships and the lives of many people.

§New World Colonies

March 8 – The Province of Carolina incorporates the town of Bath, making it the first incorporated town in present day North Carolina. The town becomes the political center and de facto capital of the northern portion of the Province of Carolina until Edenton is incorporated in 1722 CE.

November – In Williamsburg, capital of the Virginia colony in America, construction of the Capitol building is completed.

Virginia Black Code of 1705 is passed. This restricts the travel of slaves. The Virginia Slave Codes of 1705 were a series of laws enacted by the Colony of Virginia's House of Burgesses regulating activities related to interactions between slaves and U.S. citizens in the U.S. state of Virginia. The enactment of the Slave Codes are considered to be the consolidation of slavery in Virginia, and served as the foundation of Virginia's slave legislation.


  • August 16 – Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1654)
  • October 11 – Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (b. 1663)
  • November 30 – Catherine of Braganza, queen of Charles II of England (b. 1638)


  • Great Northern War (1700 – 1721).
  • War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714).


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