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<< 1703 CE | 1701-1710 CE | 1705 CE >>



An earthquake strikes Gondar in Ethiopia. The earthquake did away with the roof of the Palace Of Iyasu I. The son of Yohannes I, Iyasu I (1682-1706) is considered the greatest ruler of the Gonderine period. Iyasu's Palace was unusual for its vaulted ceiling.

§Southeastern Asia


The Sultanate of Brunei cedes its north-east territories to the Sultanate of Sulu.



Newton revives the Royal Society, which because of lack of interest in natural science is almost defunct. He publishes Optics which combines mathematics with experiment and accepts that light is particulate in nature, although Newton admits that these particles may also create vibrations in the ether. The book becomes a standard text in experimental physics for the rest of the century


The German color maker Heinrich Diesbach discovers the first artificial pigment, Prussian blue (now known as iron blue). Diesbach accidentally forms the blue pigment while trying to form a bright red. The secret of the pigment's manufacturing process is finally published in 1724 CE


De aure humana tractatus ("anatomy and diseases of the ear") by Antonio Maria Valsalva, provides the first detailed description of the physiology of the human ear.


Building of the Student's Monument in Aiud, Romania.


July 23 - English forces under Sir George Rooke capture Gibraltar.

August 24 - French and English fleets clash off Málaga, causing heavy casualties in both sides but without sinking any ships.

§North America


During Queen Anne’s War, French and Abenaki Indians destroy Deerfield Massachusetts. Later in the year, New England colonists destroy two important supply villages in Acadia (present day Nova Scotia).

§United States

February - In America, Mardi Gras is celebrated with Masque de la Mobile in the capital of French Louisianne, Mobile (Alabama).

April 24 - The first regular newspaper in British North America, the Boston, Massachusetts The Boston News-Letter, is published.

The lower three counties of the Province of Pennsylvania become the colony of Delaware.

The first newspaper advertisement, an announcement seeking a buyer for an Oyster Bay, Long Island, estate, is published in the Boston News-Letter.

The first Delaware assembly meets.



Ole Römer constructed a private observatory near the city of Copenhagen. He builds the first telescope based on a meridian circle and the first altazimuth circle, which enables him to determine the position of objects before they cross the meridian.


Peter the Great took Narva in a second battle as part of the Great Northern War. Four years after the first battle of Narva (1700 CE), Tsar Peter marched again in an attempt to capture Narva. Peter marched with 45,000 men. The garrison of Narva was under the Commandant Major-General Henning Rudolf Horn af Ranzien and consisted of 3,800 infantry and 1,300 cavalry. The Russians made a three-fronted attack and after a long battle they took Narva. General Horn, several officers and a large number of Swedish soldiers were captured, with about 3,200 casualties. The Russians, though successful, also suffered heavy losses — 13,000 men during the siege and final attack.

§South America


Buccaneer, Alexander Selkirk, was marooned on Más a Tierra. He is thought to be one of the inspirations for Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. At the island, Selkirk had an argument with the captain over whether his ship was safe enought sail. Believing it wasn't Selkirk chose to maroon himself on the island. It turns out he was right to do so and the ship later sank with half the crew drowned.


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