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§Southeastern Asia


December - Andres Malong, a native chieftain, leads a revolt against the Spanish in the Philippines.

§Caribbean Sea


Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces.



Absolutism is established in Denmark.


British Monarchy reverses Parliaments decree and restores Christmas.

January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. Samuel Pepys began his diary.

January 30 - Charles II proclaimed King of England

February 2 – George Monck and his regiment arrive in London.

February 27 – John Thurloe reinstated as England's secretary of State for a short time.

March 16 - The Long Parliament disbands.

March - Convention Parliament elected

April 4 - Charles II issued the Declaration of Breda, which made known the conditions of his acceptance of the crown of England

April 25 - Convention Parliament assembled for the first time

May 8 - The Parliament of England declares Prince Charles Stuart King Charles II of England.

May 15 - John Thurloe arrested for high treason after English Restoration.

May 25 – Charles II of England crowned.

May 25 - Richard Cromwell delivered a formal letter resigning the position of Lord Protector

May 29 - King Charles II of England arrives in London and assumes the throne, marking the beginning of the English Restoration.

June 29 - John Thurloe released.

July - Richard Cromwell left England for the Kingdom of France where he went by a variety of pseudonyms, including “John Clarke”

August 10 - A letter written from London by Thomas Violet to Ormond, and others [this letter is addressed to Ormond as Lord Steward, to the Earl of Southampton & to Lord Robartes] The letter is a draft of a proposed warrant "for the Jews" [meaning for their immediate apprehension within the City of London, in order, ultimately, to their expulsion from England, & the seizure of their goods & estate]. ... "This warrant will be sufficient for the present service we have to do against the Jews, till Mr Attorney-General have time to draw a Commission under the Great Seal of England", ... [so that the Jews may not longer ] "taint and adulterate the blood of Christians, and ... eat up our children's bread, by engrossing the trade of the Nation, contrary to the Charter of the City of London". ... "There are", adds the writer, "many English merchants' heads & hands in this business". ...

November 28 - At Gresham College, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray meet after a lecture by Wren and decide to found "a College for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning}" (later known as the Royal Society).

Theaters reopened in England – Margaret Hughes debuts as the first female actor as Desdemona in Othello.

December 23 - Mary, Princess Royal. Mary was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland, and sister of King Charles II and King James II & VII. and mother of 10 year old William III, died of smallpox at Whitehall Palace, London while visiting her brother King Charles II. In her will, Mary requested that Charles look after William's interests, and Charles now demanded the States of Holland end their interference

December 29 - Convention Parliament disbanded by Charles II


Blaise Pascal's The Provincial Letters, a defense of the Jansenist Antoine Arnauld, was ordered shredded and burned by King Louis XIV of France.


Mary and Amalia tried to convince several provincial States to designate William as their future stadtholder, but they all initially refused


April 23 - Charles II crowned King of England and Ireland.

June - George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, one of the principal architects of Charles II's Restoration, is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, although represented by deputies.

August 16 - An Indemnity and Oblivion Act is sent to Ireland by Sir Paul Davys, granting indemnities to those who had been active in the Interregnum.

First synagogue in Ireland established in Dublin.


Shah Jahan is the oppressive ruler of India.

§North America

§United States

Trading directly with other European countries was common in Virginia. But the Navigation Act of 1660 brought such relations to a close. Only English-owned ships could enter colonial ports.

Hopkins School is founded.

By 1660, slavery as we think of it today was established in Virginia. Tobacco was extremely labor-intensive, and more and more workers were needed. The sale of Africans to Virginia planters promised to be a profitable endeavor.

June 1 - Mary Dyer is executed in Boston for being a Quaker. Her stillborn child was exhumed as evidence against her, proving that her heretical lifestyle had brought forth a monster.

June 17 - Jan Quisthout van der Linde was executed in New York by drowning after being charged with Sodomy, buggery, and bestiality.



February 23 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden.

Sweden recovers its southern provinces from Denmark.

§South America


The Huaynaputina volcano erupted killing 1400 people.

§South Pacific


Arung Palakka was one of about 10000 Bugis from Bone that rebelled against the Makassarese. The rebellion was crushed by the Makassarese.

A fleet of 31 VOC ships attacked Gowa destroying Portuguese ships in the harbor. The forced Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga ri Balla'pangkana to accept the peace of August-December 1660.


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