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Chongzhen, the Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty, reiterates the state prohibition against female infanticide, while the empire and the Chinese economy begins to crumble. In the same year, a third of the courier stations are closed down due to lack of government funds to sustain them.

Formosa (Modern Taiwan)

Fort Santo Domingo is built in Formosa by the Spanish settlers.


December 22 - With the end of the reign of Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan who abdicated in the "Purple Clothes Incident", five year old Empress Meisho ascended to the throne. She was the seventh woman to ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne.

Actresses are banned in Japan.


March 6 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor issues the Edict of Restitution, under which all Catholic properties lost to Protestantism since 1552 are to be restored and only Catholics and Lutherans (not Calvinists, Hussites or other sects) are to be allowed to practice their faith.


March 2 - English king Charles I leases the House of Commons

March 10 – Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, starting the Eleven Years' Tyranny in which there is no parliament.

April 14 - England and France sign Peace of Susa

June 18 - Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn vs Dunkerk Cape


April 14 - England and France sign Peace of Susa

May 3 - French Huguenot leader duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain

June 28 - The Peace of Alais, also known as the Edict of Alès or the Edict of Grace, was a treaty negotiated by Cardinal Richelieu with Huguenot leaders and signed by King Louis XIII of France. It confirmed the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes, but differed in that it contained additional clauses, stating that the Huguenots no longer had political rights and further demanding they relinquish all cities and fortresses immediately. It ended the religious warring while granting the Huguenots amnesty and guaranteeing tolerance for the group. Unfortunately for the Hugenots, the Peace nor the Edict of Nantes lasted very long.


An attempt to assassinate Friedrich Spee, a Jesuit who spoke out against the Würzburg witch trials, was made at Peine.


The Black Plague hits Italy. This epidemic, often referred to as Great Plague of Milan, claimed the lives of approximately 280,000 people, with the cities of Lombardy and Venice experiencing particularly high death rates. This episode is considered one of the last outbreaks of the centuries-long pandemic of bubonic plague which began with the Black Death.

Pope Urban VIII entrusted Giulio Raimondo Mazarin with the difficult task of putting an end to the war of the Mantuan succession.


Piet Heyn returned to the Netherlands where he was hailed as a hero. Watching the crowds cheering him standing on the balcony of the town hall of Leyden he remarked to the burgomaster: "Now they praise me because I gained riches without the least danger; but earlier when I risked my life in full combat they didn't even know I existed...". Hein was the first and the last to capture such a large part of a Spanish "silver fleet" from America.


September 26 - Sweden and Poland signs Peace of Altmark


The Treaty of Lubeck was signed on May 22, 1629 by Albrecht von Wallenstein, Duke of Friedland, and King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway. This agreement formally ended Denmark's participation in the Thirty Years' War. The terms of the treaty allowed King Christian to maintain Danish territories (i.e. Holstein) under the condition that the king no longer intervene further in German/Hapsburg affairs. This agreement was considered a victory for both Catholics and Hapsburgs.


September 26 - Sweden and Poland signs Peace of Altmark

North America

United States

On March 4rth the Massachusetts Bay Colony was granted a royal charter.

March 24 - First gaming law passed in American colonies, by Virginia

U.S. Religion

June 23 - Samuel Skelton and his family arrived in Salem. Skelton had been ordained in England, and had served for many years as minister of the established English Church in Lincolnshire. The new church in Salem was organized as one of the established English churches, and continued in that capacity until Jan. 1, 1630



May 22 -Emperor Ferdinand II and Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lubeck

South Pacific


Two exiled Dutch murderers from the Batavia become the first Europeans to settle in Australia, on the west coast. Their subsequent fate is unknown.

Wreck of the Batavia

Batavia, a flagship of the Dutch East India Company sank in 1629 on its maiden voyage from the Netherlands to Java. Initially, a grave of five passengers was found. They were buried neatly and likely died of dehydration. The Batavia's commander, Francisco Pelsaert, left 282 survivors on Beacon Island—part of the Houtman Abrolhos, an island chain around 50 miles off the Australian coast, as he left in search of water. It took him 3 months to return. Following Pelsaert’s exodus, a merchant named Jeronimus Cornelisz took charge and murdered dozens of people including women and children. Men Pelasaert had sent to explore other islands returned and overpowered Cornlisz. When Captain Pelsaert returned, Cornelisz and many fellow mutineers were executed.

Around 115 people died following the shipwreck, many of whom were murdered violently. Beacon Island now bears the nickname “Batavia’s Graveyard,” and some call it “Murder Island.”


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