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1614CE

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§Asia

§Japan

This is the beginning of the persecution of Christians in Japan. Two anti-Christian decrees had been issued by Ieyasu in 1611 and 1612. This year "The Great Decree" was issued. This edict marked the end of the Christian Church in Japan and the death of hundreds of thousands of Christians, and eventually the closing of Japan to the West.

November 19 - Beginning of the Siege of Osaka. Toyotomi Hideyori attempts to restore Osaka Castle. Tokugawa Ieyasu, father of the Shogun, is outraged at this act, and takes the castle by storm.

Ieyasu begins a siege of Ōsaka castle by sending 70,000 troops under the command of Hidetada to surround the castle. The castle is supported by thousands of rōnin who come from fiefs around the country.

§Europe

§England

The Globe Theatre, destroyed the previous year by fire, was rebuilt.

September 1 - In England, Sir Julius Caesar becomes Master of the Rolls.

§France

The French Estates-General meets for the last time before the era of the French Revolution. In between, France will be governed as an absolute monarchy.

§Germany

Institution of the Rosicrucian Order in Germany according to Fraternitas Rosae Crucis. The anonymously written book, Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis was published.

§Netherlands

August 23 - The University of Groningen is established in the Netherlands.

October 11 - Adriaen Block and a group of Amsterdam merchants petition the States

§Scotland

John Napier publishes Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio, a paper outlining his discovery of logarithms.

§North America

§United Sates

April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. Mataoka--Pocahontas, a teasing nickname, meant something like 'little hellion.' Mataoka was a priestess-in-training in the central town of the Powhatan alliance, a powerful confederacy in tidewater Virginia.

Thomas Hunt kidnapped Tisquantum from his village, Patuxet, which was part of a group of villages known as the Wampanoag confederation.

Tisquantum met Captain John Smith in Massachusetts in the summer of 1614 ... when a small ship hove to the Massachusetts shores, sails a-flap. Its leader was a sight beyond belief: a stocky man, even shorter than most foreigners, with a voluminous red beard that covered so much of his face that he looked to Indian eyes more beast than human. This was Captain John Smith of Pocahontas fame. According to Smith, he had lived an adventurous and glamorous life. As a youth, he claimed, he had served as a privateer, after which he was captured and enslaved by the Turks. He escaped and awarded himself the rank of captain in the 'army of Smith.'

Hunt took Tisquantum and around two dozen other kidnapped Wampanoag to Spain, where he tried to sell them into slavery.

§Indonesia

§Java

Sultan Agung attacked Surabaya, as well as Malang which lies south of Surabaya, and the eastern end of the Java island, but failed to conquer them both.

§Sources

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