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March 18 - Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.



July - English ship Mary and Margaret captained by Christopher Newport leaves England bound for Jamestown, Virginia.

Year end - Jamestown: Christopher Newport returns to England carrying cargo with "tryals of Pitch, Tarre, Glasse, Frankincense, Sope Ashes ..."


May 14 - Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen. It was formed after the Holy Roman Emperor and Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria reestablished Roman Catholicism in Donauwörth in 1607 and after a majority of the Reichstag had decided in 1608 that the renewal of the Peace of Augsburg of 1555 should be conditional upon the restoration of all church land appropriated since 1552. The Protestant Princes met in Auhausen, near Nördlingen and on May 14, 1608, formed a military league under the leadership of Frederick IV of the Palatinate. In response, the Catholic League was formed in the following year, headed by Duke Maximilian of Bavaria.

Members included the Palatinate, Anhalt, Neuburg, Württemberg, Baden-Durlach, Ansbach, Bayreuth, Hesse-Kassel, Brandenburg, Ulm, Strasbourg and Nürnberg.

The Protestant Union was weakened from the start by the non-participation of several powerful Protestant rulers, such as the Elector of Saxony. The Union was also beset by internal strife between its Lutheran and Calvinist members.


Old Bushmills Distillery is founded in Bushmills, County Antrim, Ireland.


Francesco Maria Guazzo, a member of one of the oldest of the Catholic Ambrosian orders, published the Compendium Maleficarum. It was widely regarded among his contemporaries as the authoritative manuscript on Witchcraft. Within his text, Guazzo discusses witches’ pacts with the devil, detailed descriptions of witches’ powers and poisons and also prepared his classification of the demons based on a previous work by Michael Psellus.

In this work, Guazzo was greatly influenced by Duke Charles III of Lorraine’s leading lawyer and demonologist, Nicholas Remy (Remy produced one of the most important early works on demonology and witchcraft in 1595 CE, Daemonolatreiae libri tres, and claimed to have sentenced to death over 900 people during witch trials between 1582–1592).


In late August 1608 Caravaggio was arrested and imprisoned. The circumstances surrounding this abrupt change of fortune have long been a matter of speculation, but recent investigation has revealed it to have been the result of yet another brawl, during which the door of a house was battered down and a knight seriously wounded. By December he had been expelled from the Order "as a foul and rotten member."

Before the expulsion Caravaggio had escaped to Sicily and the company of his old friend Mario Minniti, who was now married and living in Syracuse. Together they set off on what amounted to a triumphal tour from Syracuse to Messina and on to the island capital, Palermo. In each city Caravaggio continued to win prestigious and well-paid commissions.


October 2 - Dutch lens maker Hans Lippershey demonstrates the first telescope in the Dutch parliament. Credit for the invention of the telescope is given to Hans Lippershey, Zacharis Janssen and Jacob Metius.

First cheques come to use in Netherlands.


September 21 - Founding of the University of Oviedo, Spain.


August 24 - The first official English representative to India lands at Surat.


Fakhr-al-Din of the Chouf district, forged an alliance with the Italian Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The alliance contained both a public economic section and a secret military one.

§North America


July 3 - Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain.

§United States

January - At Jamestown, Virginia, Christopher Newport returns in a ship with the first supply and about 100 new settlers: he finds only 38 survivors.

January - Jamestown: Powhatan releases John Smith.

January 7 - Fire destroys "all the houses in the fort" at Jamestown, Virginia. The fort is repaired in March.

April 10 - Jamestown: Christopher Newport again sails for England.

July 30 - At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.

September 10 - John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, and begins expanding the fort.

October 1 - At Jamestown, a second supply ship, the Mary and Margaret, arrives with Christopher Newport, including 70 settlers, bringing the population back up to 120; the passengers include 8 glassmen.

The incident in which Mataoka--Pocahontas may have saved John Smith's life occurred when she warned the English that Wahunsenacawh, who had tired of them, was about to attack.


Swedish troops enter Moscow.

§Southeast Asia

§Burma (Modern Myanmar)

De Brito and his men removed the Dhammazedi bell from the Shwedagon Pagoda and rolled it down Singuttara Hill to a raft on the Pazundaung Creek. From here, the bell was hauled by elephants to the Bago River. The bell and raft were lashed to de Brito's flagship for the journey across the river to Syriam, to be melted down and made into ships' cannons. The load proved to be too heavy however: at the confluence of the Bago and Yangon Rivers, off what is now known as Monkey Point, the raft broke up and the bell went to the bottom, taking de Brito's ship with it.


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Page last modified on September 04, 2016, at 02:56 PM