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1595CE

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§Europe

§Bulgaria

The Austrians incite a rebellion against the Ottomans in Bulgaria.

§England

January 29 or January 30 - William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.

William Shakespeare writes A Midsummer Night's Dream.

§France

June 9 - Battle of Fontaine-Française. Henry IV of France defeats the Spanish, but is nearly killed due to his rashness.

§Germany

Hermetic philosopher Heinrich Khunrath, of Hamburg, first published Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Aeternae (Amphitheater of Eternal Wisdom), a work on the mystical aspects of Alchemy. It was later published in an expanded edition posthumously in 1609.

§Netherlands

May 24 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

§Scotland

September 15 - A group of pupils of Edinburgh High School barricade themselves in because of a dispute about holidays. When adults break in, pupil William Sinclair shoots city bailie John McMorane dead. The boys are arrested but acquitted later.

§Middle East

§Turkey

Mehmed III succeeds Murad III as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

§South Pacific

§Indonesia

Houtman's 1595 four-ship exploratory expedition to Banten was launched to the main pepper port of West Java, where they clashed with both the Portuguese and indigenous Indonesians. Houtman's expedition then sailed east along the north coast of Java, losing twelve crew to a Javanese attack at Sidayu and killing a local ruler in Madura. Half the crew were lost before the expedition made it back to the Netherlands the following year, but with enough spices to make a considerable profit.

§Marquesas Islands

The Spanish navigator and explorer, Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira leads the voyage that discovers (for Europeans), the first known islands of Polynesia, the Marquesas.

§Sources

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