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§Of World Interest

The average temperature in the Northern Hemisphere this year was about 1.3 C lower than the average 20th century temperature of 15.2C (59.4F) or an average of (13.9 C) (about 57 F)



November 4 - Eighty Years' War: In Belgium, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed).

November 4-5 - The suspension of payments to the bankers by Spanish King Philip for a second time led to unrest among the Spanish troops in the Netherlands, their frustration stemming from their lack of pay. As the months went by, the soldiers grew increasingly wild. On 4 and 5 November they sacked the city of Antwerp. This event has been long remembered as the 'Spanish fury' at Antwerp of 1576.


Dartford Grammar School founded by William d'Aeth, Edward Gwyn and William Vaughn.


Henry IV of Navarre escaped the court of France where he was held captive in early 1576; on 5 February of that year, he abjured Catholicism at Tours and rejoined the Protestant forces in the military conflict.

May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc d'Anjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). End of the Fifth War of Religion Once again, the Protestants are granted freedom of worship.

The Catholic League of France was founded by Duke Henry of Guise. It is sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Roman Catholics as the Holy League, and was a major player in the French Wars of Religion. In a time when religious fundamentalism was unusual, the League was an extremist group bent on the eradication of French Protestants--also known as Calvinists or Huguenots--during the Protestant Reformation.

Beginning of the Seventh War of Religion in France.


A plague ravaged Milan. This caused the family of young Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio to move to Lombardy.



October 23rd, a group of German mercenary troops made a little fire in the 'Waag'. The fire got out of hand and swept over town. Over 450 houses burnt to the ground.

After that disaster all wooden fronts had to be removed from the remaining buildings and straw roofs had to be replaced by roofs made of tiles.


The people of the Utrecht neighborhood, Wijk C, grew tired of the Spanish domination of Charles V. Hiring German mercenaries, the neighborhood townspeople revolted and drove the Spanish from the town. One of the local women, Trijn van Leemput, let a group of men and women to Vredenburg castle, and dismantled it completely so that no one could ever use this place again to subjugate the people of Wijk C and Utrecht, Netherlands. To further discourage use of this place, a gallows was built on the former location of the castle.

§North America


Cocoliztli, the pestilence, returned after 30 years and killed millions of Mexicans. It was later found to be Typhoid Fever.



The city Fredrikstad of Norway founded by king Frederick II of Denmark and Norway.

§Southeast Asia


Sattha became king of Cambodia. He ruled until 1594. There was flourishing foreign trading communities of Chinese, Indonesians, Malays, Japanese, Arabs, Spanish, and Portuguese. They were joined later in the century by the English and the Dutch.Because the representatives of practically all these nationalities were pirates, adventurers, or traders, this was an era of stormy cosmopolitanism. Hard-pressed by the Thai, King Sattha surrounded himself with a personal guard of Spanish and Portuguese mercenaries.


  • Japan's Ten Year War


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Page last modified on January 16, 2018, at 12:16 PM