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1570CE

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§Asia

§Japan

Beginning of the "Ten Years War" between the Japanese regime of Oda Nobunaga and the Buddhist True Pure Land Sect. The sect had developed a religious monarchy that ruled over several provinces and competed with secular daimyo.

§Europe

§Cyprus

In 1570, a full scale Ottoman assault with 60,000 troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta. 20,000 Nicosians were put to death, and every church, public building, and palace was looted. The previous Latin elite was destroyed and the first significant demographic change since antiquity took place when Ottoman Janissaries were settled on the island.

§France

August 8 - The Peace of Saint-Germain ends the Third War of Religion in France. Again, the Huguenots are promised religious freedom and political autonomy.

§Netherlands

November 1 - All Saints Flood - "On the morning of the floods the ‘Domeinraad’ (Domain council) in Bergen op Zoom released a warning (in old-fashioned Dutch) for an ‘extremely high flood’. Ironically, the warning had no effect. It would be the worst flood disaster in the history of the Netherlands.

Numerous dikes on the Dutch coast collapsed and the water continued to wreak complete havoc. The entire coast was flooded between Flanders and Groningen, and up to the northwest of Germany. Antwerp (the land of Saefthinge, where four villages were buried in a thick layer of silt), Friesland (where more than 3,000 people died) and Zeeland, were hit particularly heavily. It was a disaster felt by the entire nation. In a letter to King Phillip II, the Duke of Alfa wrote that no less than five sixths of Holland were under water. The exact number of casualties is not known, but there is no doubt that the number exceeds 2,000. Tens of thousands of people were made homeless. Livestock and winter supplies were destroyed."

§Papal States

Queen Elizabeth of England was excommunicated by Pope Pius V. After that, many Catholics in England believed they were released from duty to the excommunicated queen of England as a result.

§Scotland

January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war.

§Spain

To suppress the Morisco revolt, Philip sent his illegitimate half-brother Don Juan de Austria, with a large force of Spanish and Italian troops. The rebels were defeated in the autumn of 1570.

§Russia

January 9 - Ivan the Terrible starts the Massacre of Novgorod.

§Scandinavia

December 13 - End of the Northern Seven Years' War with the signing of the Treaty of Stettin. The Swedish king withdrew the claims to Norway, Skåne, Halland, Blekinge and Gotland, while the Danes withdrew their claims to Sweden. The Baltic Sea was declared sovereign Danish. In addition, the Kalmar Union was declared dissolved. The Swedes ransomed Älvsborg with 150,000 riksdaler and had to hand back captured warships. The disputes concerning the Three Crowns insignia were unresolved and remained a source of future conflict.

§South America

§Argentina

Jerónimo Albornoz, O.F.M became the Archbishop of Córdoba until 1574 CE

§Ongoing

  • Japan's Ten Year War

§Space

February 5 - Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter, visible over Occurred over South Atlantic, Argentina

§Sources

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Page last modified on October 04, 2017, at 12:32 PM