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<< 1544 CE | 1541-1550 CE | 1546 CE >>

§Eastern Asia


Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hōjō clan in Japan.



July 18 - The Mary Rose sinks during the Battle of the Solent.


On his return to France in 1545, Nostradamus assisted the prominent physician Louis Serre in his fight against a major plague outbreak in Marseille, and then tackled further outbreaks of disease on his own in Salon-de-Provence and in the regional capital, Aix-en-Provence. His own wife and children had been taken by the plague previously so he was passionate about finding a cure.


December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563).


February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces.


Barbarossa, on his return voyage to Istanbul, bombarded the ports of the Spanish mainland and landed at Majorca and Minorca for the last time.

Arrested the previous year, Cabeza de Vaca returned to Spain for trial on grounds that he treated the Indians in South America too kindly.

Although eventually exonerated, Cabeza de Vaca never returned to the colony. He wrote an extensive report on South America, which was highly critical of Martínez de Irala. The report was bound with his earlier La Relación and published under the title Comentarios (Commentary).


Barbarossa retired in Istanbul in 1545, leaving his son Hasan Pasha as his successor in Algiers. He then dictated his memoirs to Muradi Sinan Reis. They consist of five hand-written volumes known as "Gazavat-ı Hayreddin Paşa" (Conquests of Hayreddin Pasha). Today they are exhibited at the Topkapı Palace and Istanbul University Library

§North America


This year marked the beginning of one of the worst epidemics in history. Known as cocoliztli, or pestilence. It killed between 5 and 15 million people. It basically wiped out the population of Mexico. In 2018 it was revealed that the cause was likely typhoid fever.

§South America

§Viceroyalty of Peru (Bolivia)

April - A minor Indian nobleman, called Diego Gualpa by the Spanish, climbed a hill in search of a shrine and was thrown to the ground by a strong gust of wind. He found himself gripping silver ore with his hands and reported the discovery to some skeptical Spanish adventurers near by. On further investigation, five rich veins of silver were discovered at Potosí, where a silver rush quickly followed.

Potosí was founded as a mining village. It soon produced fabulous wealth, becoming one of the largest cities in the Americas and the world, with a population exceeding 200,000 people

§South Pacific


Keawenuiaumi becomes the Aliʻi Aimoku of the Island of Hawaii until 1575. The date is suspect because the monarch only changes on the half decade.


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Page last modified on January 16, 2018, at 12:12 PM