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142CE

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§Roman Empire

Antoninus Pius was the fifteenth Roman emperor from 138 CE to 161 CE. He was the fourth of the Five Good Emperors and a member of the Aurelii.

Construction of the Antonine Wall begins in Scotland.

Municipal doctors are named throughout the Roman Empire.

It was about this time, or possibly 143, that Marcion traveled to Rome and began working out his theology. His doctrine pointed out that there was a God of the Old Testament and a God of the New Testament.

§Scotland

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius ordered the construction of the Antonine Wall around 142. Quintus Lollius Urbicus, governor of Roman Britain at the time, initially supervised the effort, which took about twelve years to complete. The wall stretches 63 kilometres (39 miles) from Old Kilpatrick in West Dunbartonshire on the Firth of Clyde to Carriden near Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth. The wall was intended to extend Roman territory and dominance by replacing Hadrian's Wall 160 kilometres (99 miles) to the south, as the frontier of Britannia. But while the Romans did establish many forts and temporary camps further north of the Antonine Wall in order to protect their routes to the north of Scotland, they did not conquer the Caledonians, and the Antonine Wall suffered many attacks. The Romans called the land north of the wall Caledonia, though in some contexts the term may refer to the whole area north of Hadrian's Wall.

§Asia

First year of the Hanan era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.

The Chinese Taoist alchemist Wei Boyang, author of the Kinship of the Three, is the first to describe an early form of gunpowder solution.

§Religion

  • Marcion proclaims that the Old Testament is incompatible with Christianity. His teachings were influential during the 2nd century and a few centuries after, rivaling that of the Church of Rome. As he offered an alternative theology to the Canonical, Proto-orthodox, Trinitarian and Christological views of the Roman Church, the early Church Fathers denounced him sharply; their views dominate Christianity today.

Marcion is sometimes referred to as one of the gnostics, but from what assessment of his lost writings can be gleaned from his mainstream opponents, his teachings were quite different in nature. His canon included ten Pauline Epistles and one gospel called the Gospel of Marcion, a rejection of the whole Hebrew Bible, and did not include the rest of the books later incorporated into the canonical New Testament. He propounded a Christianity free from Jewish doctrines with Paul as the reliable source of authentic doctrine. Paul was, according to Marcion, the only apostle who had rightly understood the new message of salvation as delivered by Christ.

§Births

  • Liu Biao, Chinese governor (d. 208)

§Sources

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Page last modified on February 24, 2018, at 12:27 PM