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1429CE

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§Europe

§France

February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or "of the Herrings"). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk at Orléans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart.

In April 1429, Joan of Arc wrote letters to the clergy of St. Catherine Fierbois asking for a sword. She predicted she would find it by the altar of the chapel.

Regarding Joan of Arc, the commission of inquiry "declared her to be of irreproachable life, a good Christian, possessed of the virtues of humility, honesty and simplicity." The theologians at Poitiers did not pass judgment on her divine inspiration; rather, they informed the Dauphin that there was a 'favorable presumption' to be made on the divine nature of her mission. This was enough for Charles, but they put the ball back in his court by stating that he had an obligation to put Joan to the test. 'To doubt or abandon her without suspicion of evil would be to repudiate the Holy Spirit and to become unworthy of God's aid', they declared. The test for the truth of her claims would be the raising of the siege of Orléans.

April 29 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans. A teenage peasant whose visions of God led her to fight in the Hundred Years' War. The English seemed to be winning their nearly six-month siege of the city; but when St. Joan appeared in the city, rallying the citizenry, suggesting tactical decisions and participating in battle, the French retook the banks of the Loire River and defeated the invaders. The win boosted the morale of the dispirited French, who had been badly beaten at Agincourt, France, by Henry IV. Many say the battle saved the France from centuries of English rule.

April 30 - Siege of Orléans: Joan of Arc enters Orléans with a relief expedition.

May 7 - Fall of the Tourelles, the last English siege fortification at Orléans. Joan of Arc becomes the hero of the battle by returning wounded to lead the final charge.

May 8 - The English depart Orléans.

June 12 - The army recovered Jargeau. Alençon credited Joan of Arc with saving his life at Jargeau, where she warned him of an imminent artillery attack

June 15 - Meung-sur-Loire was recovered

June 17 - Beaugency was recovered.

June 18 - Battle of Patay: French forces under Joan of Arc smash the English forces under Lord Talbot and Sir John Fastolf, forcing the withdrawal of the English from the Loire Valley.

July 16 - Reims opened its gates to the army

July 17 - Charles VII of France crowned in Rheims.

Although Joan and the duke of Alençon urged a prompt march on Paris, the royal court preferred a negotiated truce with the duke of Burgundy. Duke Philip the Good broke the agreement, using it as a stalling tactic to reinforce the defense of Paris. The French army marched through towns near Paris during the interim and accepted more peaceful surrenders.

August 15 - The Duke of Bedford headed an English force and confronted the French army in a standoff.

The French assault at Paris ensued on 8 September.

September 8 - Joan of Arc leads an unsuccessful attack on Paris and is wounded. Despite a wound to the leg from a crossbow bolt, Joan continued directing the troops until the day's fighting ended. The following morning she received a royal order to withdraw. Most historians blame French Grand Chamberlain Georges de la Trémoille for the political blunders which followed the coronation.

October - Joan took Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier and was granted nobility.

§Scandinavia

§Finland

Fire destroys Turku.

§Sources

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