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<< 129 CE | 121-130 CE | >>



Oho Tarasihiko Osirowake no Mikoto, legendary emperor of Japan, dies. He is succeeded the following year.


Huviska becomes king of the Kushan Empire in India.


The Scythian king Rudradaman I reconquers from the Andhra the lands annexed by Gautamiputra.


Basra becomes the capital of Arabia.

§Middle East


In 130, Hadrian visited the ruins of Jerusalem, in Judaea, left after the First Roman-Jewish War of 66–73. He rebuilt the city, renaming it Aelia Capitolina after himself and Jupiter Capitolinus, the chief Roman deity. A new temple dedicated to the worship of Jupiter was built on the ruins of the old Jewish Second Temple, which had been destroyed in 70.[43] In addition, Hadrian abolished circumcision, which was considered by Romans and Greeks as a form of bodily mutilation and hence "barbaric". These anti-Jewish policies of Hadrian triggered in Judaea a massive Jewish uprising, led by Simon bar Kokhba and Akiba ben Joseph



Work concluded on Hadrian's wall in Northern Britain.

§Roman Empire

October - Antinous, the 19 year old lover of Hadrian was drowned in the Nile. Speculation has it that it was suicide. Various suggestions have been put forward for how he died, ranging from an accidental drowning to an intentional human sacrifice. Hadrian and his entourage, among them Antinous, assembled at Heliopolis to set sail upstream as part of a flotilla along the River Nile. The retinue included officials, the Prefect, army and naval commanders, as well as literary and scholarly figures. Possibly also joining them was Lucius Ceionius Commodus, a young aristocrat whom Antinous might have deemed a rival to Hadrian's affections. On their journey up the Nile, they stopped at Hermopolis Magna, the primary shrine to the god Thoth. It was shortly after this, in October 130 – around the time of the festival of Osiris – that Antinous fell into the river and died, probably from drowning. Hadrian publicly announced his death, with gossip soon spreading throughout the Empire that Antinous had been intentionally killed. The nature of Antinous' death remains a mystery to this day, and it is possible that Hadrian himself never knew; however, various hypotheses have been put forward

After his death, the grief of the emperor knew no bounds, causing the most extravagant respect to be paid to his memory. Cities were founded in his name, medals struck with his effigy, and statues erected to him in all parts of the empire. Following the example of Alexander (who sought divine honors for his lover, Hephaistion, when he died), Hadrian had Antinous proclaimed a god. Temples were built for his worship in Bithynia, Mantineia in Arcadia, and Athens, festivals celebrated in his honor and oracles delivered in his name. The city of Antinopolis or Antinoe was founded on the ruins of Besa where he died (Dio Cassius lix. 11; Spartianus, Hadrian).

After deification, Antinous was associated with and depicted as the Ancient Egyptian god Osiris, associated with the rebirth of the Nile. Antinous was also depicted as the Roman Bacchus, a god related to fertility, cutting vine leaves.

A law is passed in Rome banning the execution of slaves without a trial.

Construction begins on the Olympeion of Athens.

Hadrian visits Petra and Gerasa (Jerash).

A Triumphal Arch for Hadrian is built in Gerasa.

Canopus, Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, Italy, is started to be built (approximate date).


October: Antinous, lover of Hadrian, he drowned according to Hadrian, "Antinous was drowned in Nilus."


<< 129 CE | 121-130 CE | >>

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