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By using data from tree rings of Siberian pines, researchers found an unusually warm and wet period between 1211 CE and 1225 CE, corresponding with Genghis Khan's horse-driven invasion. The Mongol Empire eventually spanned from what is today Korea to eastern Europe and the Middle East.

Jin China is overrun by Mongols under Ghengis Khan, who plunder the countryside and cities, until only Beijing remained free, despite two bloody palace coups and a lengthy siege.


Beginning of the Kempō Era. A large plot is uncovered to overthrow Sanetomo and replace him with a son of Yoriie. The plot is overcome and many of the leaders are killed.



May 30 - Battle of Damme; English fleet under William Longsword destroyes a French fleet off the Belgian port in the first major victory for the fledgling Royal Navy.


September 12 - Battle of Muret; The Toulousain and Aragonese forces of Raymond VI of Toulouse and Peter II of Aragon defeated by the Albigensian Crusade under Simon de Montfort

§Papal States

Pope Innocent III issues a papal bull, Quia maior, calling for the Fifth Crusade to recapture Jerusalem.


5th Crusade in the Holy Land


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