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Almohad Dynasty conquers Algeria.



Frederick I, called Barbarossa (meaning Redbeard), was elected king of Germany on March 4rth. When King Conrad III died in February, only Frederick and the prince-bishop of Bamberg were at his deathbed. Both asserted afterwards that Conrad had, in full possession of his mental powers, handed the royal insignia to Frederick and indicated that he, rather than his own six-year-old son, the future Frederick IV, Duke of Swabia, should succeed him as king. Barbarossa energetically pursued the crown and at Frankfurt on March 4rth the kingdom's princely electors declared him as the next German king and he was crowned at Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) several days later.

The new king was anxious to restore the Empire to the position it had occupied under Charlemagne and Otto I the Great, and saw clearly that the restoration of order in Germany was a necessary preliminary to the enforcement of the imperial rights in Italy. Issuing a general order for peace, he made lavish concessions to the nobles.


Church of Ireland acknowledges Pope's authority.


Founding of Gorodets, a town in mordern Russia, by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki.



Establishment of the archbishopric of Nidaros (Trondheim), Norway.


Civil war in England and Normandy between 1135 and 1153, which resulted in a widespread breakdown in law and order known as the Anarchy.


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