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<< 1151 BCE | 1159-1150 BCE | >>

§Middle East


About this time: Ramesses III narrative Source - People Mentioned Medinet Habu - Denyen, Peleset, Shekelesh, Sherden, Teresh, Tjekker, Weshesh Papyrus Harris I - Denyen, Peleset, Sherden, Tjekker, Weshesh Rhetorical Stela - Peleset, Teresh


Shilkhak-In-Shushinak (c. 1150 – c. 1120 BCE) became the fourth ruler in the Shutrukid Dynasty.


Outside of the Bible, the evidence for and origins of the Philistines are not clear and is the subject of considerable research and speculation in biblical archaeology. Since 1822, scholars have connected the Biblical Philistines with the Egyptian "Peleset" inscriptions, all five of which appear from c.1150 BCE just as archaeological references to "Kinaḫḫu" or "Ka-na-na" (Canaan) come to an end

One location, Tell Balata, is believed to be the site of the ancient city of Shechem. A 2002 final published report on the stratigraphic and architectural evidence at Tell Balata indicates that there was a break in occupation between the end of the Late Bronze Age (c. 1150 BC) through to the early Iron Age II (c. 975 BC)

§North America


The name "Olmec" means "rubber people" in Nahuatl, the language of the Mexica ("Aztec") people. It was the Aztec name for the people who lived in the area surrounding Mexico's Tuxtla Mountain during this period of Aztec dominance. Ancient Mesoamericans, spanning from ancient Olmecs to the Aztecs, extracted latex from Castilla elastica, a type of rubber tree in the area. The juice of a local vine, Ipomoea alba, was then mixed with this latex to create rubber as early as 1600 BCE. The word "Olmec" also refers to the rubber balls used for their ancient ball game. Early modern explorers applied the name "Olmec" to the rediscovered ruins and art from this area before it was understood that these had been already abandoned more than a thousand years before the time of the people the Aztecs knew as the "Olmec". It is not known what name the ancient Olmec used for themselves; some later Mesoamerican accounts seem to refer to the ancient Olmec as "Tamoanchan".

Olmec culture originated at its base in San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, where distinctively Olmec features begin to emerge around 1150 BC. The rise of civilization here was probably assisted by the local ecology of well-watered rich alluvial soil, encouraging high maize production. This ecology may be compared to that of other ancient centers of civilization: Mesopotamia and the Nile valley. It is speculated that the dense population concentration at San Lorenzo encouraged the rise of an elite class that eventually ensured Olmec dominance and provided the social basis for the production of the symbolic and sophisticated luxury artifacts that define Olmec culture. Many of these luxury artifacts, for example jade and magnetite, must have come from distant locations and suggests that early Olmec elites had access to an extensive trading network in Mesoamerica.

It is generally believed that the Olmecs were the first "high culture" of Mesoamerica and probable that the spoke spoke a Mixe-Zoquean language.


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