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<< 1055 CE | 1051-1060 CE | 1057 CE >>

§Eastern Asia


Creation of the Crab Nebula observed by a Chinese astronomer



Ottokar, Count of Steyr, becomes Margrave of the Karantanian March, later known as Styria


Anselm of Canterbury leaves Italy.


Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Germany. He was only 6 years old.


A crisis began when a group within the church, members of the Gregorian Reform, decided to address the sin of simony by restoring the power of investiture to the Church. The Gregorian reformers knew this would not be possible so long as the emperor maintained the ability to appoint the pope, so their first step was to liberate the papacy from the control of the emperor. An opportunity came in 1056 when Henry IV became German king at six years of age. The reformers seized the opportunity to free the papacy while he was still a child and could not react.

§Middle East


The Codex Hierosolymitan was written by a scribe, Leo and is considered part of the development of the canon of the New Testament. The manuscript contains the Didache, the Epistle of Barnabas, I Clement, II Clement, and the long form of the Ignatian letters.


August 31 - Theodora, Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire (b. 981)

October 5 - Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1017)


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Page last modified on February 24, 2018, at 12:45 PM